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21.

Lost Road of the Inca: Part 1 [electronic resource]

Karin Muller is an American on a quest to understand other cultures. This program follows her as she begins her journey of discovery along the route of the ancient Incan highway through South America. In Ecuador, she endures tear gas during a labor riot and witnesses backbreaking toil in a crude, antiquated gold mine. On the disputed border between Ecuador and Peru, she watches ordnance troops unearth and detonate a land mine, visits the lonely graves of fallen soldiers, and-in a life-affirming turn-finds welcome respite in drinking boiled yucca tea at a family farm. Muller provides engaging and eloquent voice-over commentary as her trek progresses.
Online
2010; 1999
22.

Lost Road of the Inca: Part 2 [electronic resource]

From medicinal shamans to taxi drivers in rusty death traps, this program plunges further into the depth and breadth of life in South America-following American adventurer Karin Muller as she travels the ancient Incan highway. Muller joins Peruvian fishermen plying their trade in handmade reed boats; watches herds of vicuna penned and sheared of their precious wool; absorbs the spectacle of Machu Picchu and its sophisticated stonework; and encounters the spirit of Carnival and Catholic devotion in Bolivia. Then comes a euphoric motorcycle ride into Chile-until Muller reaches Santiago, reenters the world of billboards and fast food, and bids farewell to a landscape of countless cultural riches.
Online
2010; 1999
23.

Conflict on a Local Scale [electronic resource]

This program examines types of conflict that can occur at the local level, whether that locality is a single town, a region, or an entire country. After generally addressing armed conflict-different types of war, where they tend to proliferate, and kinds of weaponry used-Conflict on a Local Scale illustrates unarmed conflict through five examples. They include a clash of recreational interests in Britain's Lake District; in Cambodia, the forced eviction of residents from confiscated oceanfront real estate; the potential expansion of England's Heathrow Airport, which would necessitate the leveling of an entire town; tensions over inadequate water supplies in Ukraine, an instance of cooperative conflict resolution; and a municipal planning crisis involving a supermarket chain in the Br [...]
Online
2010; 2009
24.

Global Conflict [electronic resource]

This program-a valuable tool for introducing the concepts of energy security, antiterrorism, and managing change at the global level-identifies the roots of violent conflict by way of specific examples. Through discussion of territorial conflicts (India/Pakistan, Israel/PLO), genocides (Rwanda, Srebrenica), terrorism (al Qaeda, IRA, ETA), and hybridized violence such as that found in Sudan, Global Conflict makes the case that an understanding of the sources of conflict, combined with the free exchange of information internationally, is the key to reducing strife at all levels.
Online
2010; 2009
25.

Consequences of Conflict [electronic resource]

The consequences of armed conflict are complex and long-lasting. Using Zimbabwe, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan as points of departure, this program examines some of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of conflicts at the national and international levels. Topics include the pernicious phenomenon of child soldiers; the plight of refugees and internally displaced persons; thorny issues related to aid money and international assistance; the enduring scars of war on the landscape; the repercussions of ruined infrastructural elements such as power grids; and the unquantifiable losses-the what-could-have-beens-that inevitably occur when a nation's money is diverted from education and health care.
Online
2010; 2009
26.

The Big Picture [electronic resource]: The Eyes and Ears of the Army

In this episode of the U.S. Army's The Big Picture television series, viewers learn about the Signal Corps, "The Eyes and Ears of the Army." Following the men of the Signal Corps to the front lines, this video from the National Archives and Records Administration shows the Signal Corps assisting the Air Force and Navy in their communications, as well as supplying equipment and men for the Army. Without the Signal Corps, the nation's modern mobile fighting machine would not be possible. In addition, the Signal Corps maintains some of the world's finest engineers in its laboratories and contributes many items for civilian, as well as military use.
Online
2007
27.

How the States Got Their Shapes [electronic resource]

Is it just a fluke of history that Illinois, not Wisconsin, contains the city of Chicago? Whatever happened to the state of Jefferson? And why is Texas too big to mess with? This program uncovers the political, cultural, and geographical forces that shaped the map of the United States. From the original thirteen colonies to the jigsaw puzzle of today's 50 states... from the nooks and crannies of the east to the rigid boxes of the west... from the Atlantic to the Pacific, viewers learn how America was carved out of the landscape and how the forces that sculpted our country still influence it today.
Online
2010
28.

Revolution Hijacked [electronic resource]: Post-Mubarak Egypt

When Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak relinquished power, the country and the world dared to envision a peaceful transition to democracy. Military leaders were expected to guide the transition-but with each passing day, the army looked more and more like the regime it had replaced. This program documents the challenges Egyptians faced following the sudden implementation of military rule in February of 2011. Reports bring to light clear signs of state-sponsored thuggery and intimidation as well as censorship and other human-rights violations, including military trials with no right of appeal. Cameras capture scenes of violent clashes in which Coptic Christians and Muslim allies battle government troops and police forces. But amid the chaos and bloodshed, viewers will discern an unrele [...]
Online
2011
29.

Bill Moyers Journal [electronic resource]: Humanitarian Greg Mortenson / Historian Thomas Frank

America has committed billions of dollars to escalate military action in Afghanistan and Pakistan, using war as a tool for peace. In this edition of the Journal, Bill Moyers considers a different path to peace with humanitarian Greg Mortenson, author of Three Cups of Tea and Stones into Schools, as they discuss Mortenson's efforts to build schools and nurture communities in that embattled region. Moyers also speaks with historian and columnist Thomas Frank about the state of the Union when Obama took office and the lessons of the preceding years Frank calls "a low, dishonest decade." An essay on the cost of the U.S. wars in Iraq and Afghanistan - and the hypothetical trade-offs made to fund them - concludes the program.
Online
2010
30.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Eric Berlow - How Complexity Leads to Simplicity

Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution. Illustrating the tips and tricks for breaking down big issues, he distills an overwhelming infographic on U.S. strategy in Afghanistan to a few elementary points.
Online
2010
31.

Making the World Safe for Democracy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

As the United States reshaped Manifest Destiny for use in the 20th century, the concept came to be equated not with conquest and expansion, but with the spread of American values and institutions. Focusing on World War I and the Russian Revolution, the section "A New World Order" traces the deflected trajectory of President Wilson's idealistic plan to export democracy - a plan that ended in compromises and broken dreams. "Containment," which begins with World War II, examines the spread of communism in Asia and U.S. opposition to it via the Kennan policy of containment and the Truman Doctrine. And "Quagmire" discusses how the Kennedy and Johnson administrations felt duty-bound to escalate American political and military involvement in Vietnam as a part of an ideological proxy war bet [...]
Online
2010
32.

To Conquer or Redeem [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the closing of the American West, Manifest Destiny was in need of new direction. The section "New Frontiers" considers implications of Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis as it scrutinizes U.S. history from the end of the Gilded Age to the brink of the Spanish-American War. "An Empire of Liberty" takes a step back to assess aspects of Manifest Destiny from its birth during the pre-Revolutionary era through Reconstruction. And "Benevolent Assimilation" provides an in-depth look at the Spanish-American War, the Philippines Insurrection, the annexations of Puerto Rico and Hawaii, and U.S. intervention in China during the Boxer Rebellion to illustrate how expanded economic influence, military might, and presidential powers contributed to U.S. imperialism during the administra [...]
Online
2010
33.

The Grand War of Civilizations [electronic resource]

For decades, Iraq was Saddam Hussein's sadistic stomping ground. Then it became George W. Bush's ideological battlefield. The pivot point was 9/11 and a perceived link between Saddam and al Qaeda, bringing calls for an invasion from top American and Western leaders. This program examines the consequences of that hasty decision-making process: misadventure on a grand scale, according to many observers, and an extremist backlash that engulfed Iraq in bloodshed. Viewers meet retired Major General James Marks, senior intelligence officer for coalition land forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom, and gain insight as to why the occupation and counter-insurgency faced so many problems. Events in both Fallujah and Baghdad are studied. Numerous accounts from victims of sectarian violence, ques [...]
Online
2011
34.

A New Muslim World? [electronic resource]

Osama bin Laden's death in 2011 was clearly a milestone in America's war on terror, but for those who study dramatic shifts in the West's relationship with the Islamic world, no event can compare with the Arab Spring. What does the wave of regime-toppling revolution and democratization that began in Tunisia in 2010 mean for the future of the Middle East and for international relations in general? This program searches for answers as it shows how the Arab Spring took root and expanded into the multifaceted movement that continues even today. It also shows how terrorist networks, hate-driven organizations, and hawkish governments still foment violent face-offs with their avowed adversaries, even as greater openness and individual freedoms appear across the Arab-speaking world. Developm [...]
Online
2011
35.

Bogged Down [electronic resource]

Terrorism. Extremism. Religious and sectarian violence. Should we study political and socioeconomic patterns in order to understand why these tragedies occur? Or are they far simpler than that? Are they ultimately about hate and nothing more? Traveling to three focal points of conflict, this program explores 21st-century manifestations of an age-old human problem - the need to destroy others who appear inferior, unworthy, or unholy - and how that flaw in the social psyche shapes today's clash of civilizations. Starting with U.S. President Barack Obama's 2009 Cairo speech as a reference point of moderation, the film spans the globe as it explores an entire spectrum of hate-driven behavior - from the Taliban's brutal repression of anything deemed un-Islamic (such as CD shops and kite f [...]
Online
2011
36.

Monsters to Destroy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the collapse of the U.S.S.R., suddenly the U.S. was the sole superpower - a militaristic global leader with no clear enemy or foreign policy goal. The section "New World Disorder" illustrates the unprecedented turbulence of the fractured post - Cold War world during the George H. W. Bush administration: the Tiananmen Square protests, the U.S. invasion of Panama, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Gulf War, ethnic cleansing in the Balkans and Rwanda, and famine in Somalia. "Indispensable Nation" analyzes President Clinton's inability to create a demilitarized Manifest Destiny based solely on trade and economic growth. And "Smarter Than History" uses pivotal events from the George W. Bush presidency - the 9/11 attacks and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq - to examine the compro [...]
Online
2011
37.

Falling Towers [electronic resource]

Why 19 hijackers turned themselves into lethal weapons on September 11, 2001, will probably never be fully understood. But can we form a rough image of their mind-set? Can we glimpse the skewed worldview that led them to terrorism, and what will that tell us about American and global reactions that came in the wake of 9/11? This program pursues those questions as it gathers insight about the attacks and their aftermath. A conversation with Andrew Card - chief of staff under George W. Bush and the official who first informed the president of the World Trade Center strikes - segues to an interview with a former Guantanamo Bay prison guard, followed by further discussion of the changes in American foreign and domestic policy wrought by the war on terror. The film also examines the reper [...]
Online
2011
38.

War on the Home Front [electronic resource]

After 9/11, America's stated mission was to "bring the fight to the terrorists." Iraq and Afghanistan became, in essence, two battlefields in the West's war on terror. But what happens when terror rises from the very soil that foreign wars are waged to protect? Are European countries in particular overlooking the need to fight a different kind of fight, one in which the hearts and minds of their own citizens are at stake? This program looks at developments in England and Belgium (the correspondent's native country) in an effort to understand how radicalism can take root after being imported from extremist hotbeds in Pakistan and other Islamic countries. Viewers meet worshippers from mosques where the London subway bombers of 2005 were radicalized, two Brussels detectives who broke up [...]
Online
2011
39.

Back Door Channels [electronic resource]: The Price of Peace - Egypt and Israel in 1979

Filmed in Israel, Egypt, Morocco, Austria, France, and the U.S., this documentary examines one of the most difficult diplomatic achievements of the 20th century: the 1979 Camp David Peace Accord and Treaty between Egypt and Israel. Viewers learn the inside story of the agreement, for which U.S. President Jimmy Carter (who is interviewed in the film), Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and Egyptian President Anwar El-Sadat served as the public architects. As the film illustrates, brilliant strategic minds were also at work behind the scenes, including former U.S. National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, former Egyptian Foreign Minister (and UN Secretary General) Boutros Boutros-Ghali, former Carter advisor Leon Charney, and numerous other key players who describe their exper [...]
Online
2011; 2013
40.

Afghanistan, Palestine, Somalia [electronic resource]: Wars

For eighty-year-old Uri, Israel's 1948 War of Independence has brought nothing but glory. He's considered a legend in his hometown on the volatile Israel/Lebanon border, and young recruits hang on his every word. By contrast, Qahir's prospects for a fulfilling life look dim. Although he lost his legs to a Kabul landmine, he works so that his brothers can attend school, but has given up hope of starting a family of his own. And in Somalia, Madguud has watched warfare ravish his country physically and emotionally - the place where he grew up is now described as "the city of the walking dead." This documentary explores the impact of war on daily life through the insights and experiences of these three men, whose countries have endured some of the longest conflicts in history.
Online
2010; 2012