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The Big Picture [electronic resource]: The Eyes and Ears of the Army

In this episode of the U.S. Army's The Big Picture television series, viewers learn about the Signal Corps, "The Eyes and Ears of the Army." Following the men of the Signal Corps to the front lines, this video from the National Archives and Records Administration shows the Signal Corps assisting the Air Force and Navy in their communications, as well as supplying equipment and men for the Army. Without the Signal Corps, the nation's modern mobile fighting machine would not be possible. In addition, the Signal Corps maintains some of the world's finest engineers in its laboratories and contributes many items for civilian, as well as military use.

How the States Got Their Shapes [electronic resource]

Is it just a fluke of history that Illinois, not Wisconsin, contains the city of Chicago? Whatever happened to the state of Jefferson? And why is Texas too big to mess with? This program uncovers the political, cultural, and geographical forces that shaped the map of the United States. From the original thirteen colonies to the jigsaw puzzle of today's 50 states... from the nooks and crannies of the east to the rigid boxes of the west... from the Atlantic to the Pacific, viewers learn how America was carved out of the landscape and how the forces that sculpted our country still influence it today.

Making the World Safe for Democracy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

As the United States reshaped Manifest Destiny for use in the 20th century, the concept came to be equated not with conquest and expansion, but with the spread of American values and institutions. Focusing on World War I and the Russian Revolution, the section "A New World Order" traces the deflected trajectory of President Wilson's idealistic plan to export democracy - a plan that ended in compromises and broken dreams. "Containment," which begins with World War II, examines the spread of communism in Asia and U.S. opposition to it via the Kennan policy of containment and the Truman Doctrine. And "Quagmire" discusses how the Kennedy and Johnson administrations felt duty-bound to escalate American political and military involvement in Vietnam as a part of an ideological proxy war bet [...]

To Conquer or Redeem [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the closing of the American West, Manifest Destiny was in need of new direction. The section "New Frontiers" considers implications of Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis as it scrutinizes U.S. history from the end of the Gilded Age to the brink of the Spanish-American War. "An Empire of Liberty" takes a step back to assess aspects of Manifest Destiny from its birth during the pre-Revolutionary era through Reconstruction. And "Benevolent Assimilation" provides an in-depth look at the Spanish-American War, the Philippines Insurrection, the annexations of Puerto Rico and Hawaii, and U.S. intervention in China during the Boxer Rebellion to illustrate how expanded economic influence, military might, and presidential powers contributed to U.S. imperialism during the administra [...]

Monsters to Destroy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the collapse of the U.S.S.R., suddenly the U.S. was the sole superpower - a militaristic global leader with no clear enemy or foreign policy goal. The section "New World Disorder" illustrates the unprecedented turbulence of the fractured post - Cold War world during the George H. W. Bush administration: the Tiananmen Square protests, the U.S. invasion of Panama, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Gulf War, ethnic cleansing in the Balkans and Rwanda, and famine in Somalia. "Indispensable Nation" analyzes President Clinton's inability to create a demilitarized Manifest Destiny based solely on trade and economic growth. And "Smarter Than History" uses pivotal events from the George W. Bush presidency - the 9/11 attacks and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq - to examine the compro [...]

Photographer [electronic resource]: Lodz Ghetto Through the Lens of Walter Genewein

In 1987, in a Viennese shop, hundreds of color slides from World War II were found. It turned out they had been made in the Lodz ghetto by a skilled amateur photographer named Walter Genewein, chief accountant on the ghetto council and a proud member of the Nazi party. In this documentary, filmmaker Dariusz Jablonski combines Genewein's disturbing images of ghetto life with the recollections of Dr. Arnold Mostowicz, the last surviving witness of the events portrayed, to create an important testament to the suffering and subsequent extermination of the ghetto's Jews. "In the midst of atrocity, [Genewein] saw only German success," says The Daily Telegraph (London).

Worse Than War [electronic resource]: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity

Genocide is many things - horrific, tragic, and immoral, among others. But one thing it is not, says political scientist Daniel Goldhagen, is inevitable. In this program, the author of Hitler's Willing Executioners explores the social and psychological factors that have repeatedly pushed stable societies into the insanity of mass killing. In Rwanda, Goldhagen speaks with participants in murder squads that rampaged in 1994 as well as witnesses of those atrocities. In Guatemala, he confronts former President Efraín Ríos Montt, considered by many to be responsible for genocide against indigenous peoples in the 1980s. Interviewees also include former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright; Bosnian leader Haris Silajdzic, who called for intervention against ethnic cleansing in 1992; a [...]

New World Order

A behind the scenes look at the underground anti-globalist movement.
Clemons (Stacks)

Republican Congress, the

Former Secretary of Labor and university professor Robert Reich talks about the abrupt changes that took place when the Republicans gained control of Congress in the 1994 congressional elections. "I had to stop a lot of bad things from happening and guard my programs, make sure that decisions that had been made were going to stick," Secretary Reich recalls.
2015; 2011

A Bus for Martin Luther King

Early 20th century in the U.S. South. Segregation against the black community is rife. The Ku Klux Klan, Jim Crow laws—all this finds form in daily life via ethnic separation in public places, schools, public transport, public drinking fountains, and on and on. In buses, for example, seats at the front are reserved for whites. Rosa Parks, a seamstress, lives in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, and has suffered from this social context ever since childhood. On December 1, 1955, she refuses to obey the driver of the bus she is on and give up her seat to a white passenger as laid down by the law. Arrested and jailed, she becomes the symbol of the Afro-American cause, and a young pastor, Martin Luther King, seizes on the event and starts a boycott of the city’s buses. Demonstrations, spe [...]
2017; 2016

Black Gold: The Story of Oil

This documentary looks at the U.S. oil industry’s development and evolution over a century. Beginning with Edwin Drake’s first well in Pennsylvania, we learn about John D. Rockefeller’s rise to prominence as a “robber baron” controlling 90% of U.S. refineries through the Standard Oil Trust; the transition from kerosene to gasoline around the turn of the century; competition from Texas oil wildcatters; anti-trust legislation dissolving Standard Oil in 1911; America’s love affair with the automobile in the 1950s that brought about oil imports; the OPEC embargo; and Gulf War, waged to protect the oil-dependent American economy.
2017; 1998

Warfront '68

From Saigon, four leading correspondents discuss Vietnam's battles on this NET Journal—Warfront '68 program. Participating in this National Educational Television production are Robert Shaplen of The New Yorker, Pulitzer Prize winner Peter Arnett of the Associated Press, William Tuohy of the Los Angeles Times, and R.W. Apple, Jr. of the New York Times. A.H. Perlmutter, the program's executive producter, acts as a moderator.
2017; 1968

Birth of Rock Music

U.S.A., the 1950s. A climate of racism pervades society —particularly in the South, where it is unthinkable that whites should listen to the same music as blacks. It is in this context that a new style of music appears. Afro-American rhythm and blues is adapted, and the result is rock ’n’ roll. However, for the moment, this music is mostly played by black artists for a black community. Then, in 1954, Elvis Presley walks through the door of the Sun Records studio. The young truck driver wants to give his mother a record as a present, so he records two songs, pays $4.00, and leaves with his record under his arm. Elvis Presley is spotted by the owner of Sun Records, enjoys a meteoric rise, and brings rock ’n’ roll to the wider, white American audience. After the United States, England g [...]
2017; 2016

The Ferry: A Civil Rights Story

Weeks before Selma's Bloody Sunday in 1965, the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. urged residents of Gee's Bend, Alabama, to vote, and fed a continuing fight over a small ferry that would last for decades.
2017; 2015

Persian Gulf War: Part 1

Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait resulted in more than one million troops facing off against each other in the desert of the Persian Gulf. The Allied Coalition's air war, known as Operation Desert Storm, involved the most sophisticated technological weaponry available.
2017; 2003

Politics and Compromise: The Art of the Possible

Presidential advisor, political analyst and university professor David Gergen explains that ". . . politics remains the art of the possible. Compromise is not a dirty word, despite the ideologues on both sides who insist that it is."
2015; 2011

Space Conquest

It’s the Cold War between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. The Soviet Union has a clear lead in the conquest of space. America fully understands all that is at stake politically on April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to make a journey into space. The news creates a huge impact around the world. The Soviet Union now appears to be the most advanced nation on the planet. Khrushchev announces swaggeringly: “The Capitalist countries are trying to catch up with us!” Since January 1961, John Fitzgerald Kennedy has been leading the U.S.A. He is an ardent supporter of the space program even though the accumulated delay behind the U.S.S.R. seems insurmountable... Then, on September 12, 1962, Kennedy makes a speech that becomes famous: “We choose to go to the Moon.” These words give a [...]
2017; 2016

10 Homes That Changed America

10 Homes that Changed America highlights ten architecturally adventuresome dwellings, which provided Americans with more than just a “roof over their heads”—these homes elevated living to an art form. Meet the talented architects who brought these buildings to life, along with their often-eccentric clients, and the lucky individuals who live in these historic homes today. A primer in domestic architecture, 10 Homes will also offer a lesson in the history of American domestic life, as the evolving design of these homes over time reveals America’s changing relationship with nature, technology, and each other.
2017; 2016

Gerald Ford: Interview (1/14/91)

An interview with former President Gerald Ford on the prospect of the United States going to war in the Persian Gulf, following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
2017; 1991

James Baker's Political Roots

Former Secretary of State James A. Baker talks about his political roots, including the fact that he was a Democrat until 1970, when his friend George Bush told him that, to help get his mind off the grief of losing a wife at thirty-eight, he should help Bush in his campaign for the U.S. Senate. "And that's when I became a Republican," Secretary Baker recalls.
2015; 2011