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United States — History — 1945-1953
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Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1954

The Geneva Summit brings Dwight D. Eisenhower together with representatives of Britain, France, and the Soviet Union in an effort to reduce international tensions. Adlai Stevenson makes another presidential bid, covered in this episode of Year by Year.
2011; 1992

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1955

Covers events around the world including the formation of the Warsaw Pact by the Eastern Bloc nations and the death of American actor, James Dean.
2011; 1992

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1956

Looks at Don Larson's perfect game, the only no hitter in World Series baseball history. The H-bomb is also discussed.
2011; 1996

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1957

John Glenn's 1957 Project Bullet completes the first supersoic transcontinental flight from California to New York, breaking a speed record, as covered in this episode of Year by Year.
2011; 1996

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1958

Follows as Vice President Richard Nixon makes a 1958 goodwill trip through Latin America, but is met with anger over U.S. Cold War policy. Nixon is attacked in his car in Venezuela, but escapes unharmed.
2011; 1996

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1959

Explores the Kitchen Debate between Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
2011; 1996

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1960

A U.S. U-2 spy plane is shot down over Soviet Union airspace, increasing Cold War tensions. Year by Year: 1960 also marks John F. Kennedy's presidential election.
2011; 1996

Superpower [electronic resource]

America's efforts invigorated the struggle against the Nazi stranglehold in Europe. In the Pacific, the ultimate piece of technology ended the war, and a new superpower took the global stage. In this program, many of America's most prominent leaders and personalities reflect on defining moments in the evolution of post-war America-including the Cold War, the space race, the Civil Rights movement, and more.
2011; 2010

Democracy and Struggles [electronic resource]

In the postwar free world, America becomes the acknowledged leader, striving to rebuild democracies abroad. As the Iron Curtain falls and the Cold War begins, fear of communism spreads through the country, sparking Joseph McCarthy's communist witch-hunts. At the same time, the U.S. finally faces up to racial separatism when the groundbreaking Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education outlaws segregation.

Let Freedom Ring [electronic resource]

The Civil Rights movement becomes the most effective social movement in U.S. history. During this era, Martin Luther King, Jr. marches on Washington, and Little Rock's high school is integrated. John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States.

McCarthy Trials [electronic resource]: An Exploration Through Archival Film

Presenting archival footage from the anti-communist turmoil of the 1950s, this program takes viewers back to an America turning against itself, an America pushed into a state of paranoia by one man-Senator Joseph McCarthy. Historian Ben Walsh serves as a helpful guide to these newsreel materials while also making use of insightful excerpts on the topic from the 1984 Bill Moyers series A Walk Through the 20th Century (item 42066, Post-War Hopes, Cold War Dreams). Looking at McCarthy's tactics in naming and punishing alleged communist activists and supporters, as well as his use and manipulation of the media, the program is a valuable resource not only for teaching about postwar America, but also for instruction in the use of archival films.

Pearl Harbor [electronic resource]: Legacy of Attack

In the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, thousands of American servicemen were left dead, nearly two dozen U.S. warships were sunk, and hundreds of airplanes were damaged or destroyed. Had events been different, could America have avoided that attack, or could Japan have won the war with a single stoke? In this classic program, Robert Ballard-discoverer of the sunken Titanic-conducts an underwater investigation, filming the interior of the battleship U.S.S. Arizona and seeking a missing Japanese mini-sub on the ocean floor; World War II historian Stephen Ambrose provides historical insight; and three survivors of the attack give harrowing eyewitness accounts of the events of December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy.
2009; 2002

Post-War Hopes, Cold War Dreams [electronic resource]

The 1950s in America were a time of nostalgia and neurosis. Factories poured out goods, the dollar was powerful, and the United States - filled with the heady optimism of victory in World War II - believed that it could politically, culturally, and militarily lead the world. But the decade also saw the solidification of the Iron Curtain in Europe, the entrenchment of Communism in China, years of so-called police action in Korea, and a Red Scare that divided Americans at home. Bill Moyers shows how an initial burst of optimism fostered an era of American conformity, in which fitting in led to a hostility and distrust of those who stood out.

General Omar Bradley [electronic resource]

Five-star General Omar Bradley was one of the main American field commanders in Europe and North Africa during World War II. This episode of Biography follows his distinguished military career from West Point, to the invasion of Normandy, to the Battle of the Bulge, and on to victory.

The Bataan Death March [electronic resource]

The forced transport of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war by the conquering Japanese in 1942, known as the Bataan Death March, is the subject of this A&E Special. The brutal 60-mile march to internment camps after the Battle of the Philippines was marked by wide-ranging abuse and high fatalities, and was later accounted as a Japanese war crime.

Scorpions in a Bottle [electronic resource]: The Story of the Atomic Bomb

Starting with the immigration of scientists who fled Nazi Germany to America, this A&E Special documentary unfolds the development of the Manhattan Project and birth of the atomic age.

Year by Year [electronic resource]: 1946

Year by Year: 1946 discusses the future Queen Elizabeth II and her future husband Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark.

A Conversation With Eamon de Valera [electronic resource]: From NBC's Wisdom Series

In this 1955 program from the NBC archives, Eamon de Valera - first president of the Republic of Ireland - converses with Grinnell College professor Curtis Baker Bradford inside Leinster House, the country's parliamentary headquarters. De Valera discusses various facets of Irish life and events from preceding decades, including those that led to the Easter Rising in 1916, the partition of Ireland by a British act of parliament in 1920, his rise to elected office, and his subsequent visit to the United States. De Valera also sheds light on some of his political and cultural objectives, such as economic development and the restoration of the Irish language, as well as his feelings about Ireland's position as a small nation, the dark implications of global warfare in the 20th century, a [...]

Universal Newsreels [electronic resource]: Christmas Brings Joy to Everyone (12/10/1945)

This Universal newsreel focuses on five topics, as follows. Reel 1, Christmas-themed footage includes people selecting trees, Seattle's Naval Air Station where gifts are being sent to the troops, shoppers and department store window displays, children playing with toys, and Santa Claus. Reel 2, General Eisenhower, the new chief of staff, speaks. Reel 3, General Stilwell gives the DSC to the Matsuda family. Reel 4, Archbishop Spellman makes an appeal for the donation of canned goods for war relief. Reel 5, Arriving in Washington D.C., a Douglas bomber completes its record-breaking nonstop flight from Long Beach, Calif. Also in the spotlight is a new Boeing tandem-prop fighter plane that can reach the speed of 450 m.p.h.
2010; 1945

Universal Newsreels [electronic resource]: Rail Strike Paralyzes Entire U.S. (05/23/1946)

This Universal newsreel focuses on two topics, as follows. Reel 1, Faced with the most serious labor stoppage in its history, the U.S. is hard hit by a strike of railroad men. Reel 2, In Nanking, U.S. Chief of Staff Eisenhower receives a gala welcome as he visits China's leader during his tour of U.S. Far Eastern bases. Later, in Tokyo, he meets General MacArthur and reviews an 8th Army parade.
2010; 1946