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United States — Foreign Relations
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It's Time to Clip America's Global Wings [electronic resource]: A Debate

Just two decades ago, American power seemed to have no limits. The Cold War was over and the tech boom just beginning. But then 9/11, the rise of China, and the financial crisis created a new world. What should America's global role be in the 21st century? Are we guilty of overreach, or have we not been ambitious enough?

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Madeleine Albright, on Being a Woman and a Diplomat

Since leaving the office of U.S. Secretary of State in 2001, Madeleine Albright has continued her distinguished career in foreign affairs as a political adviser, professor, and businesswoman. In this TEDTalk she speaks bluntly about politics and diplomacy, making the case that women's issues deserve a place at the center of foreign policy. Far from being "soft" concerns, says Albright, the strengths and vulnerabilities of women around the world are linked to profound, life-or-death struggles.

Radio Revolution [electronic resource]: Broadcasting for Freedom in Cold-War Romania

Likened to "a strange religion. with millions of invisible believers," Radio Free Europe gave listeners in Eastern Bloc countries a much-needed alternative to government media. This program examines the impact of RFE broadcasts on Nicolae Ceausescu's Romania and the lengths to which Romanian authorities went to suppress U.S.-backed radio. Viewers learn how the 1977 Vrancea Earthquake enabled RFE to step up its activities in the country; how Ceausescu's operatives in the Romanian Securitate-and, allegedly, even the notorious terrorist Carlos the Jackal-committed violent acts against RFE personnel; and how the power and popularity of RFE found full expression in the Romanian Revolution.
2010; 2009

Tell Me Cuba [electronic resource]

Beginning with a summary of Cuban history from the island's 16th-century subjugation by Spanish conquistadors to the 20th-century communist revolution, this program scrutinizes the current state of U.S./Cuba relations through the eyes of progressives, who want to put the past behind them for the benefit of Cubans still suffering from the decades-long U.S. embargo, and the anti-Castro expatriate community, which sees normalization of relations as a victory for despotism and a repudiation of their deeply held convictions. The political standoff between America and its communist neighbor has consistently defied remediation, and filmmaker Megan Williams does not pretend there is a universally acceptable solution. "Williams takes a complex and divisive subject and captures it with a clear [...]
2010; 2006

I. I. Rabi [electronic resource]: Man of the Century

Innovation enabled the United States to take on the mantle of world leadership-most importantly, innovation in military technology. But among the great minds that drove American innovation, using science to make war sometimes led to questions, dilemmas, and even second thoughts. In this program, Bill Moyers presents a profile of I. I. Rabi, winner of the 1944 Nobel Prize in physics and an early developer of radar for use in World War II. Rabi also participated in the Manhattan Project and was present at the detonation of the first atomic bomb-an event which transformed him into an advocate for restraint in the use of nuclear power.
2010; 1984

Opium Part 3. The War on Drugs [electronic resource]: A Blessing and Curse

Decades after Richard Nixon launched his anti-drug campaign, illicit opiates are cheaper, more potent, and easier to obtain than ever. Is it possible to wipe out addiction by keeping narcotics illegal, or has their ban caused more problems than it's solved? This program reveals how the war on drugs started and who its real targets were, examining its consequences and unintended victims. Afghan farmers who relied on poppy cultivation to survive now lash out against NATO forces in frustration; in the U.S., communities suffer when parents are jailed for relatively minor infractions; and patients in the developing world are denied access to painkillers because strict regulations make doctors too nervous to prescribe.

The Nobel Peace Prize Documentary 2009 [electronic resource]: A New Era of Engagement

Awarding the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize to U.S. President Barack Obama may be the Nobel committee's most controversial decision of all time. This program examines the choice and its implications, as well as the background, accomplishments, and potential of the recipient. Produced by the Nobel Foundation, the film outlines Obama's diverse heritage and formative experiences, compiles opinions from a broad spectrum of political players, and assesses the 44th President's evolving foreign policy. Interviews feature Susan Rice, U.S. Representative to the UN; David Frum, speechwriter for President George W. Bush; Thorbjorn Jagland, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee; and others. Excerpts from Obama's September 2009 speech to the UN General Assembly and June 2009 speech at Cairo Universit [...]
2010; 2009

The U.S. Military [electronic resource]: Waging Peace

This program examines the U.S. role as the world peacekeeper in the post-Cold War era. We learn how the U.S., the world's only remaining superpower, is retraining its forces to maintain peace in volatile areas around the globe. Military experts discuss the difficulties that occur when UN forces intervene in the internal disputes of nations. U.S. peacekeeping missions in Bosnia, Somalia, and other trouble spots are used to demonstrate the pitfalls of humanitarian military operations. A U.S. Army Brigadier General and an expert on international law offer insights into the issue.
2009; 1997

Francis Fukuyama [electronic resource]: End of History?

Best known as the author of The End of History and the Last Man, Francis Fukuyama is a former neoconservative who argued for the overthrow of Saddam Hussein-then changed his mind before the 2003 invasion of Iraq. What caused his reversal? If the war had gone differently, would he have revised his opinion again? What strategies does he envision for promoting global democracy in the future? Fukuyama addresses those and other questions in this detailed, one-on-one interview. Topics include foreign policy differences between the U.S. and the European Union, China's unusual ability to create modern capitalism without representative democracy, and Fukuyama's concept of a "global NATO.
2009; 2008

Andrew J. Bacevich on the U.S. Imperial Presidency [electronic resource]

Is an imperial presidency destroying what America stands for? In this episode of the Journal, Bill Moyers sits down with retired U.S. Army Colonel Andrew J. Bacevich, who identifies three major problems facing American democracy-crises of economy, government, and militarism-and calls for a redefinition of the American way of life. Respected by Republicans and Democrats alike, Bacevich is author of The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism. "Because of this preoccupation with, fascination with, the presidency, the President has become what we have instead of genuine politics. Instead of genuine democracy," says Bacevich.
2009; 2008

Pakistan on the Brink [electronic resource]

Pakistan's greatest enemy is no longer India but rather the internal menace of the Taliban, who have reinvented themselves in a bid to take over the country. This program examines the conflict ravaging one of America's key allies in the war on terror. Traveling to Peshawar, an urban gateway to Pakistan's tribal region, the program depicts a city under regular Taliban attack and follows a local journalist deep into Taliban territory. Interviews feature figures on all sides of the conflict-including Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas of the Pakistani military, Samina Ahmed of the International Crisis Group, and Hakimullah Mehsud, a fundamentalist leader who vows to destroy the government for siding with the United States.
2009; 2008

Torture Hearings [electronic resource]

On Capitol Hill, members of Congress have been interviewing witnesses and investigating the treatment of detainees suspected of terrorism. This edition of the Journal summarizes those hearings and gets perspective from journalist Jane Mayer on the debate over whether the U.S. sanctioned torture to prosecute the war on terror. Mayer's recent book, The Dark Side: The Inside Story of How the War on Terror Turned into a War on American Ideals, documents the war on terror and the struggle over whether the President should have limitless power to wage it. Also on the program, former Democratic Senator Ernest F. "Fritz" Hollings gives his views on the stranglehold of money on Washington.
2009; 2008

Bad Voodoo's War [electronic resource]

As a small part of the 2007 American military surge in Iraq, a group of National Guard infantrymen who call themselves The Bad Voodoo Platoon was deployed to run convoy security missions. Capturing the humanity and the grim realities of the Iraq war, this Frontline episode incorporates first-person accounts from Bad Voodoo soldiers and video from cameras given to them so that they could tell their own story of the conflict. As a result, viewers will closely follow platoon members through the perilous journeys and daily grinds of their tour of duty.

Body of War [electronic resource]

As the Iraq War enters its sixth year, American military casualties have reached approximately 34,000 dead and wounded. "But numbers aren't personal," says Bill Moyers. "The only way truly to understand the human cost of this war is to know someone who is bearing it." In this edition of the Journal, Moyers interviews iconic talk show host Phil Donahue and award-winning documentarian Ellen Spiro on their film Body of War, an intimate portrait of Tomas Young-a young man who joined the Army to fight in Afghanistan, was deployed instead to Iraq, and was shot and paralyzed from the mid-chest down on his fifth day in-country. Extensive excerpts from the documentary are included.

Our Own Private Bin Laden [electronic resource]

Would the collapse of the Soviet Union have been possible without American sponsorship of Islamic fundamentalism? Did U.S. policies pave the way for 9/11? Does the American media help sustain Osama Bin Laden's popularity? This documentary examines those questions, studying the machinations of key players - the CIA, Bin Laden, Afghani mujahideen and opium traders, Presidents Carter and Reagan, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, and others - as the Cold War morphed into the War on Terror. Presenting a wide range of opinions, the program features eye-opening interviews with high-level leaders and renowned political analysts - including Milton Bearden, former CIA station chief in Pakistan; Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan; and scholar and activist Noam Chomsk [...]
2007; 2005

Iraq [electronic resource]: Agony of a Nation

What, if anything, has American military power achieved in Iraq? What are the origins of the fractured nation's sectarian warfare? Are Iraqi security forces more dangerous than Islamist insurgents? This documentary features reports that U.S. and Iraqi government forces can be linked to the country's most dire security problems. Featuring interviews with high-ranking officials in the Interior Ministry and police chiefs in Mosul and Baghdad, the program investigates the actions of the so-called Wolf brigades, a U.S.-supported Shiite military group that participated in a number of anti-Sunni offensives and reportedly committed torture and other atrocities. The program also deals with other renegade militias, some trained by the same American operatives who allegedly created the Salvador [...]

Waves of Liberty [electronic resource]

In this program the author of Sparks of Liberty: An Insider's Memoir of Radio Liberty reviews the origins, struggles, and eventual demise of the American radio station that broadcast directly to the Soviet people starting with the Cold War. Funded by the CIA, Radio Liberty's stated mission was to provide objective information about culture and current events to those without a free press, like its sister stations Radio Free Europe and Voice of America. Former employees discuss working at Radio Liberty's Spanish location - where it was moved to avoid Soviet jamming of transmissions - its content, and the logistics of conveying information in the pre-Internet age.

Buying the War [electronic resource]

The Bush administration marketed and sold the war in Iraq to the American people. How and why did the press buy it, and what does that say about the role of journalists in helping the public sort out fact from propaganda? In this program, veteran journalist Bill Moyers, award-winning producer Kathleen Hughes, and their investigative team piece together the reporting and political spin that shaped the public mind prior to, during, and following the 2003 invasion. Exposing the disappearance of a watchdog mentality in mainstream newspaper and TV journalism, the documentary also highlights the work of intrepid Knight Ridder reporters who dug beneath the surface of administration claims-only to be drowned out by the drums of war. Further insight comes from journalists Dan Rather, former a [...]

Abu Ghraib [electronic resource]: Torturer's Tale

Javal Davis was imprisoned for assaulting inmates at Abu Ghraib, but insists he is not a torturer. His fellow MP Ken Davis was never implicated, having reported the abuse to superiors. This program presents in-depth interviews with both men, detailing their side of the story and conveying their disillusionment with Pentagon officials who wanted interrogations pushed "up a notch." Featuring nightmarish descriptions and images from inside the prison-highlighting deplorable conditions endured by inmates and guards alike-the program also includes insight into the mentality of reservist Charles Graner, currently serving a 10-year sentence for Abu Ghraib torture.
2006; 2005

Mission [electronic resource]: Colombia

The United States is pumping a huge amount of aid money into the Colombian army. Is the goal to kill coca plants, or is it to destroy the FARC anti-government forces? Is FARC really more concerned with protecting the coca crop than the coca farmers? And could Colombia become another Vietnam? This brief program raises these pointed questions as it visits Colombian army and FARC training bases. An excellent discussion-starter!