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South America — History
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Simon Bolivar [electronic resource]: Liberator

The duration and scope of the 19th-century Latin American wars for independence dwarf all other conflicts in the New World up until that time. This program-enhanced by period paintings, engravings, maps, and documents from The John Carter Brown Library's Bromsen collection and other esteemed collections of Latin Americana-tells the remarkable life story of Simon Bolivar, founder of Bolivia and liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Peru from Spanish colonial rule. Although his dream of Latin American unity was not realized in his lifetime, Bolivar's passion for independence lives on.
2005; 2000

Simon Bolivar [electronic resource]: Great Liberator

Here is a portrait of Simon Bolivar-aristocratic revolutionary, victor in battle, and loser to those who considered the revolution their personal mandate-and of the landscapes and forces that shaped the Latin America of his day and ours. This superb documentary details how and why Spain lost her colonies, and the historic trends and national heroes responsible for the outcome.
2007; 1985

Tenochtitlan [electronic resource]

This program takes viewers through the chief temple of pre-Hispanic Mexico, tracing the myths, rituals, history, and daily life and death of the Aztec civilizations it served.
2006; 1983

Teotihuacan [electronic resource]

This program is devoted to the history and the archaeological sites of Teotihuacan, the City of the Gods. Once the largest city in Mesoamerica, birthplace of the creation myth that held sway for over 1,800 years, political and financial hub of a vast tributary network, Teotihuacan disappeared without an explanation, leaving buildings, paintings, and the oral tradition of the Nahuas, which was finally documented in writing 800 years after Teotihuacan had reached its peak.
2008; 1983

The Aztecs [electronic resource]

Aztec myth prophesied that a great city would one day stand on the site where an eagle, perched on a cactus with a serpent in its mouth, was found. Today, Mexico City stands on this mythical site. Although the Aztec Empire fell on April 28, 1521, when Hernando Cortes and his army defeated Montezuma, traces of the thousand-year-old pre-Columbian empire still survive and influence world culture. This program explores Aztec culture and history, from the role of human sacrifice in the Aztec religion to their agricultural advances. Commentary by scholars, maps, and contemporary accounts provide an overview of the events that both shaped and destroyed an empire.
2005; 1996

Latin American Women Artists [electronic resource]: 1915-1995

Surveying some of the most under-appreciated art of the 20th century, this program documents a groundbreaking exhibit of work by Latin American women at the Milwaukee Art Museum. The video opens up the world of these bold and sensitive visionaries, illuminating their accomplishments, their impact on artists outside their own countries, and the relationship between cultural and artistic identity. Featuring the work of legendary painters Frida Kahlo and Maria Izquierdo-as well as living artists Fanny Sanin, Soledad Salame, Elba Damast, and many others-the program reevaluates notions of mainstream and margin in the contemporary art world.
2005; 2003

Montezuma [electronic resource]: Twilight God of the Aztecs

As the last great Aztec ruler, Montezuma II inherited a sprawling yet fragile empire. This program studies his governance, its abrupt end at the hands of the conquistadors, and its historical meanings. Paralleling a major exhibition at the British Museum, the film features artifacts, architecture, and images that speak to Montezuma's humanity, his self-proclaimed divinity, and the cultural context in which he ruled. These include depictions from the Florentine Codex, the Templo Mayor disk depicting Coyolxauhqui, and the public works of Malinalco, Teotihuacan, and other locations. Analysis of Montezuma's face-off with Hernan Cortes reveals an agile strategist whose brutality was eclipsed only by that of the invaders.
2010; 2009

Eyes Wide Open [electronic resource]: Exploring Today's South America

South America has tilted to the left, and its socialist governments are forging an economic alliance that places public power, not market dynamics, at the center. The plan? To exploit revenues from the continent's abundant natural resources to build a better future where all will benefit from that wealth-and, in the process, to become free from North American interference. To explore the sociopolitical changes and the vast lands upon which these dramas are being played out, this program travels to the Venezuela of Hugo Chavez, the Brazil of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the Bolivia of Evo Morales, the Ecuador of Rafael Correa, the Paraguay of Fernando Lugo, and elsewhere on a continent that is emerging as the master of its own destiny. Narrated by Eduardo Galeano, author of Open Veins o [...]
2010; 2009

Lost Land of the Andes [electronic resource]

Journeying to a remote land high in the Andean mountains, this program follows a team of adventurers and scientists on a perilous rescue mission. Their goal is not to save lost tourists or injured hikers but to rediscover forgotten cultures, ancient Inca ruins, and rare species of plants and animals. All of this work must be done before a massive highway, which will crisscross the South American continent, transforms the Andean wilderness forever. Time is running out-the research must be done now or never.
2010; 2001

The Evolution of Chile [electronic resource]: Prosperity for Some

In just 25 years, Chile has gone from a Marxist state to a dictatorship to a democracy. The transition has strengthened Chile's economy, but not all Chilean citizens have shared in the prosperity. In fact, the divisions between rich and poor have widened, causing critics to question whether democratic capitalism is the right solution. As the scenario unfolds, so do the moral issues surrounding the economic path Chile has chosen. Using Chile as a case study, this program examines these issues, and the difficulties experienced by other Third World nations also riding the tidal wave of post-Cold War economic reforms.
2008; 1998

The Mayans [electronic resource]

The most advanced of the pre-Hispanic peoples of Central America, the Mayans rose to great prominence, only to suddenly decline around the year AD 900. In this program, cultural historian Iain Grain delves into Mayan history, investigating topics such as the Mayans' mastery of mathematics, their extremely hierarchical society, their use of human sacrifice to induce rain, and Mayan art. Many examples of Mayan architecture are provided as well, plus a computer re-creation of the temple at Chichen Itza. Although there are still more than two million native Mayans living in Central America, the exact origins of their ancestors and the fate of the ancient Mayan cities remain mysteries.
2006; 1996

Threads of Hope [electronic resource]

This program tells the powerful story of a group of women who banded together and dared to defy the brutal dictatorship of Chile's Gen. Augusto Pinochet. The women-mothers, wives, and sisters of the tens of thousands of victims of the regime's torture and execution-armed only with scraps of cloth, sewing needles, and the overwhelming desire to find their loved ones, set to work to tell their stories by creating arpilleras, colorful handmade tapestries which chronicled the horror and injustice of Pinochet's reign of terror. The tapestries were ultimately smuggled out of the country and sold, with the proceeds returned to Chile to support the victims' families. The program, narrated by Donald Sutherland, explores the compelling stories of three of these women and how through their vibr [...]
2007; 1997

Frida Kahlo [electronic resource]: Portrait of an Artist

The works of Frida Kahlo, one of the 20th century's most prominent artists, are included in museums and private collections the world over. This documentary incorporates archival material, readings from journals and letters, and interviews with friends and scholars to retrace the life and work of one of Mexico's most highly recognized painters.
2005; 1999

The Amazon River [electronic resource]: Pristine and Unprotected

Stretching over 4,000 miles across South America, the Amazon River has long defied human efforts to tame it. Not a single bridge crosses it, and not one dam halts its flow. This program visits urban centers on the banks of the Amazon and examines new attempts to harness-or exploit-the river's energy and natural abundance. The journey begins at Iquitos-a Peruvian city blighted by poverty and inaccessible by road. Next is Manaus, a hub of tourism and industry in Brazil-and an effective springboard to discussions of controversial dam proposals. At the mouth of the Amazon, viewers find Belem, where the river is both agriculturally productive and highly vulnerable to development.
2009; 2008

Juan Peron [electronic resource]

This program provides and overview of the rise and fall and rise again of Juan Peron. Events covered include Peron's first presidency, during which his second wife, Evita (Maria Eva Duarte), died; the coup that drove Peron out of Argentina; Peron's return to Argentina and his second presidency; Peron's death and the succession of his third wife, Isabel Martinez de Peron (Maria Estela Martinez Cartas); the overthrow of Isabel Martinez de Peron; the "dirty war" to stifle dissent against the new government, which led to tens of thousands being tortured, killed, or simply "disappeared"; the defeat of Argentina in the Falklands War; the election of Raul Alfonsin; and the persistence of the Peronista movement.
2007; 1990

Chile [electronic resource]: From Drama to Hope

This program examines Chile under martyred socialist President Salvador Allende, and the subsequent Pinochet regime that followed. Allende's niece and novelist, Isabel Allende, exile Hortensia Bussi, Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriela Mistral, and others discuss women's role in the eventual toppling of Pinochet, and the formation of the Latin American Federation of Associations of Families of Prisoners Missing Since 1981-a tracking organization that helps families discover the fate of relatives kidnapped during the Pinochet reign of terror.
2006; 1992

A Hazy Transparency [electronic resource]: Peru's 2000 Elections

As opposed to passively monitoring the electoral process, the Organization of American States responded actively to the lack of procedural transparency and the blatant corruption in Peru's 2000 elections, waging a campaign to keep voters informed of irregularities. This program provides a detailed account of the elections and shows how the OAS observation mission set a controversial precedent by contributing to quasi-dictator Fujimori's resignation. Eduardo Stein, the leader of the OAS mission, talks at length about the political situation at the time and how his team worked to maintain fairness at the polls.
2006; 2001

The Recognition of Russia: A Climate of Mutual Distrust ; Latin America : Intervention in Our Own Backyard

1. Examines the wave of working class militancy that swept the world after the boom decade of the 20s and the Roosevelt administration's official recognition of the U.S.S.R. in the first detent in 1933. 2. Examines four decades of U.S. intervention in Latin America from the Spanish American War in 1898 until World War II.
1989; 1978
Ivy (By Request)