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Sex Discrimination
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Taking on the Boys' Club

Part one (15 min.) examines the sexism faced by two women in high professional positions. The women are Dr. Frances Conley, a brain surgeon, and Nancy Ezola, an attorney. Part two (20 min.) focuses on sexual harassment issues in the U.S. Military and other organizations.
2004; 2000
Clemons (Stacks)

Multiple Genders [electronic resource]: Mind and Body in Conflict

Instinctively, we say there are two sexes. But does this always reflect reality? In this program, Dr. Stephen Whittle argues that it does not. Whittle further contends that society must recognize transsexuals, like himself, and others, like Arthur and Del, who are hermaphrodites-sexual hybrids. Arthur has male and female attributes and wants to keep them in the interest of maintaining his psychic balance and identity. Del, born female, favors her male side and has written a book charting her physical transition to an "inter-sex. A theologian addresses the moral implications of multisexual orientation, while a physician and polygendered people ask: Is sex the same as gender? Are inter-sexes mistakes or part of nature? Do parents have the right to demand reconstructive surgery for thei [...]
2006; 1997

Anything You Can Do, I Can Do Better [electronic resource]: Why the Sexes Excel Differently

Statistically speaking, why have men and women not proved equally adept at the same things? In this program, researchers debate whether differences in brain architecture lead to a division of talents and aptitudes between the sexes-and draw some startling conclusions. To illustrate these differences, children are observed in classrooms, on the playground, and at home.
2005; 1991

Fair Play [electronic resource]: Achieving Gender Equity in the Digital Age

How will America close the gender gap that exists in technology, to empower female students? Set at Fulmore Middle School in Austin, Texas, this program exposes counterproductive classroom behaviors and presents measures being taken to correct the misperception that computing is a males-only domain. The Director of the Center for Gender Equity, the author of SchoolGirls, the creators of and, and others scrutinize issues including equal computer access in the classroom, attitude barriers both in class and out, and efforts to develop software and Web sites that enfranchise female users rather than reinforce gender stereotypes.
2005; 1999

Boy or Girl? When Doctors Choose a Child's Sex [electronic resource]

What is to be done when chromosomal abnormalities or an accident leave a baby with what is known as "ambiguous genitalia"? In this program, ABC News correspondent Dr. Nancy Snyderman investigates the once-accepted belief that surgical sex assignment would determine gender in such cases. The studies of Johns Hopkins child psychiatrist William Reiner and pioneering medical researcher Milton Diamond-plus testimony from the man known to medical literature as John/Joan-argue that gender comes from the brain, not the body, and that no operation can alter that basic fact.
2007; 1998

Lives Together, Worlds Apart [electronic resource]: Men and Women in a Time of Change

Drawing on case studies from first- and third-world nations, this program exposes the "gender apartheid" that has led to the marginalization of women around the world through violence and poverty. Commentary by Kofi Annan, secretary general of the UN; Festus Mogae, president of Botswana; and Margaret Jay, Britain's minister for women, as well as by many grassroots leaders reveals the victimization that is occurring through educational neglect, unfair labor practices, spouse abuse, and inadequate reproductive healthcare. The positive effects of rural empowerment programs, battered women refuges, and free health and legal counseling are also presented-but will cuts in funding sweep away the good that these initiatives have done?
2005; 2000

Women and Men Unglued [electronic resource]: Marriage and Relationships in the 21st Century

Men and women of marriageable age are staying single in record numbers. The traditional family is fast becoming an anachronism. Could the 21st century be the era when the sexes go their separate ways? Through a series of filmed portraits and candid, often gritty interviews, this program looks at changing contemporary gender relations and expectations, exploring how men and women feel about issues such as dating, marriage, money, parenting, romantic love, feminism, and commitment.
2006; 2003

Gay Marriage and the Constitution [electronic resource]

This ABC News program looks at the constitutional controversy over gay marriage as it exploded in both Massachusetts and California in February 2004. Is it a matter of civil rights or human rights? Should it be addressed at a state level or a federal level? Ted Koppel moderates a debate about gay marriage and its legal ramifications with Representative Barney Frank, conservative political activist Gary Bauer, and San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom, who arranged for the issuance of marriage licenses to eligible same-sex couples because the California Family Code is allegedly in violation of the state's constitution in the matter of gay marriage.
2006; 2004

Run Like a Girl [electronic resource]

In this down-to-earth program, the unconventional yet extremely demanding sports of rugby, synchronized swimming, and double-Dutch rope jumping provide the context for teenage girls from a cross-section of ethnic backgrounds to probe the issues of adolescence. They discuss their feelings of liberation within the strict regimentation of competitive sports, their search for identity and self-esteem while revolting against the stereotyped expectations of others, body image, dating, and the importance of mothers and coaches as mentors. They also tackle social concerns, including bulimia, self-injury, suicide, broken homes, teen pregnancies, and crime. Run Like a Girl is a presentation of the Independent Television Service, with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
2006; 1998

Sexual Stereotypes [electronic resource]

More than ever before, Americans are being bombarded-and acculturated-by the media, and only discerning individuals will recognize the sexual biases that all too often are a part of each day's worth of information and entertainment. This program focuses on identifying and looking beyond categorical stereotypes of women, men, gays, and lesbians.
2005; 2001

Sugar and Spice [electronic resource]: Facts Behind Sex Differences

Even during the first moments of life, baby girls and boys already behave differently. Combining case histories and scientific analysis, this program argues that the mixture of hormones in the womb "hardwires" the brain with a sex-aligned signature before birth, causing it to become distinctly female or male-or a mixture of both.
2005; 1991

Why Can't a Woman Succeed Like a Man? [electronic resource]

When it comes to corner office clout, women overall have not succeeded in the workplace to the degree that men generally have. In an effort to come to grips with that assessment, this program refuses to shy away from the hard questions as it sheds light on what is seen less as a glass ceiling and more as a glass maze. The central issue is whether, practically speaking, women can, should, or even desire to "have it all" by pursuing a career and raising a family. Drawing on hard science, social science, and pop science, the program considers the realities of gender inequality as it examines matters of sex discrimination in the workplace, business priorities and practices involving maternity leave, the effects of nature and nurture on innate competitiveness, the state of the nuclear fam [...]
2010; 2009

Why Can't a Woman Earn as Much as a Man? [electronic resource]

In terms of lifetime earning power, most women earn far less than their male colleagues do. What lies at the root of the pay gap? The answer is neither simple nor definitive, as this program reveals. Research leads hosts Sophie Raworth and Justin Rowlatt - each a parent with young daughters - on a not-so-merry chase to see what the future may hold for their children. Stops along the way include a meeting regarding a class action suit brought by women for lost wages due to unfair salary practices; a group job interview that prompts discussion of a double standard regarding assertiveness in women and men; same-sex and coeducational schools, to see how gender stereotyping influences career choice; and a medical facility where a brain activity assessment is used to seek insights into pot [...]
2010; 2009

Umoja, the Village Where Men Are Forbidden [electronic resource]

In the Samburu district of Kenya, women have only the rights they can seize for themselves. To break free from spousal abuse, forced marriage, genital mutilation, and the spread of HIV/AIDS-and to defend themselves against rape by local British soldiers-a group of abandoned Samburu women founded Umoja, a village off-limits to men. Two decades on, the tiny community is thriving, but in a growing climate of menace as the Samburu men seek any means to destroy Umoja and reestablish the age-old status quo. Filmed on location, this program gives a voice to town matriarch Rebecca Lolosoli and other villagers who communicate their determination to remain free while painting a realistic picture of their uphill battle to establish gender equality in the region-and to simply survive.
2010; 2008

Modern Slavery [electronic resource]: Captive Servants and Child Prostitution

House slavery-the confinement and coercion of unpaid domestic servants-occurs far more frequently across Europe and the United States than most people realize. Even more alarming is the widespread use of children as fodder for prostitution rings around the world. This program profiles a Moroccan-born former house slave named Rania, whose father, believing she would be educated and cared for, allowed her to be taken to France at the age of eight. Viewers also meet Sino and La Thiya, Cambodian victims of Southeast Asia's rampant child sex industry. Both case studies are chilling in their accounts of deception and exploitation, yet they also convey the possibility of personal transcendence and justice.
2010; 2008

Modern Slavery [electronic resource]: Human Trafficking

In search of a better life, Natasha and Galia Gutu thought they had found fulfilling jobs in Turkey through their seemingly helpful neighbors. But when the Gutu sisters left their home in Moldova they were actually traveling into a nightmare-not the health aide employment that their "friends" had promised, but rather enslavement as prostitutes. This program follows their story by recording their own painful accounts, a different side of the narrative as told by the mother-daughter pair who led them into deception, and the real-life courtroom drama that unfolds when the sisters bring charges against their former neighbors. Will a guilty verdict start Natasha and Galia on the road to healing?
2010; 2008

100 Percent Woman [electronic resource]: Story of Michelle Dumaresq

A post-operative transsexual, Michelle Dumaresq has provoked outrage by entering the sport of women's mountain bike racing. This program studies complex issues of gender identity surrounding the controversy and manifested in Dumaresq's personal and professional relationships. Commentary from her parents reveals unconditional support for her choices, while interviews with friends and rival cyclists indicate a wider range of positions-from confused ambivalence to a belief that Dumaresq is male and should be barred from competing. A candid look at clashing views of femininity, 100 Percent Woman explores challenging terrain in gender sociology.
2005; 2004

It's Time [electronic resource]: African Women Join Hands Against Domestic Violence

Once accepted as a cultural norm in Africa, domestic violence is increasingly recognized for what it is-an assault on the rights and well-being of women, as well as a major impediment to progress on the continent. This program examines the issue in Ethiopia and South Africa, focusing on efforts to reduce and hopefully eliminate violence against women. Viewers meet survivors of domestic abuse and sex crimes who are regaining control over their lives in safe houses and educational centers. Also featured are Nomfundo Mogapi of South Africa's Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation; Annalize Teichmann, a South African prosecutor; Senait Berhanu of Ethiopia's Addis Ababa Women's Association; and other activists.
2010; 2009

Time for School Part 3 [electronic resource]: Hope and Despair in the Fight for an Education

The 2009 installment in Wide Angle's Time for School series reenters the lives of seven students in seven different countries, offering a glimpse of the worldwide battle to get what most American children take for granted: a basic education. These riveting case studies in India, Afghanistan, Kenya, Benin, Brazil, Japan, and Romania feature young teenagers embracing academic challenges that will, with luck and hard work, prepare them for high school. Other hurdles, from school closings to slum crackdowns to violent fundamentalism, continue to disrupt hopes and dreams-forcing one child to repeat a grade, another to study on an empty stomach, and another to quit her education altogether. But a conversation with Benin-born musician and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Angelique Kidjo provides [...]
2010; 2009

All About Girls [electronic resource]

This video explores conflicting definitions of femininity and what it means to be a girl, and discusses how parents can help their daughters grow into healthy and well-adjusted adults.
2005; 2000