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Reproductive Health
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A Human Life Emerges [electronic resource]

Human reproduction is a fascinating and complex process, especially when seen microscopically. This program presents a close-up view of reproduction, beginning with the fertilization of the female egg, through gestation and the millions of cell divisions, and culminating in the birth of a fully formed individual. Each stage of the development is visualized in sequence: when the heart begins to beat, when the limbs develop, when the child first moves and responds to stimuli, and when it offers its first cry to the world at the moment of birth. Sophisticated computer animation and technical narration are used throughout in an effort to explain the gestation and birth processes for the advanced learner.
2006; 1995

Hand-Me-Down Genes [electronic resource]: How Genes Work

Our body is composed of billions of cells, but how does each cell know what to become? This program starts with the nucleus of a single cell and then explains the other components the cell needs to function: chromosomes, genes, DNA, and ribosomes. From hair color to height, our genes determine who we are. This program explores, through animated graphics, all of the basic genetic building blocks and how they work.
2006; 1997

Hand-Me-Down Genes [electronic resource]: Family Patterns

When you look at a family photo, the resemblances, even across several generations, can be striking. What role do genes play, and why aren't siblings identical (and why are some)? This program explains how the formation of sex cells, from the first gamete to chromosome pairs, determines our genetic makeup. Deviations such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington's disease, achondroplasia, Klinefelter syndrome, and Turner syndrome are also discussed.
2006; 1997

After Darwin [electronic resource]: Genetics, Eugenics, and the Human Genome

From the promise of eliminating genetic disease to the threat of eradicating human diversity, the potential of genetics to benefit humankind is matched only by its capacity for harm. Using interviews, archival footage, and period film clips, this insightful program traces the history of genomic research and its dark offspring: behavioral genetics, eugenics, and the commodification of children. Spotlighting topics including the Human Genome Project, gene patenting, cloning, fertility clinics, genetic testing, and the discriminatory practices of insurance companies, Nobel Laureate Dr. James Watson, Dr. Leroy Hood, and numerous other experts examine the potential of the biotechnological revolution and the moral and ethical issues it raises.
2005; 1999

Genetic Discoveries, Disorders, and Mutations [electronic resource]

This program analyzes the contributions of Mendel and Darwin, the transmission of single- and multiple-gene disorders, and genetic mutation. Following a description of Mendel's landmark pea-breeding experiments, the principles of heredity are applied to the spread of congenital conditions such as cystic fibrosis, hemophilia, myotonic dystrophy, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The second half of the program centers on types of mutation, including point mutation, deletion, frame shifting, insertion, and gross chromosomal abnormality. Darwin's theory of natural selection is considered as well.
2006; 1997

Cutting and Splicing DNA [electronic resource]

This program presents a brief history of genetic science, from Darwin's theory of evolution through the discovery of DNA and the invention of gene splicing. Darwin hypothesized a theory, but understood nothing of the mechanism of evolution. The program follows the history of scientific understanding of the nucleus, chromosomes, and the location of hereditary information; explains the work of Gregor Mendel and Thomas Hunt Morgan; and features exclusive interviews with James Watson, who unravelled the secret of DNA's structure, and Stanley Cohen, who first spliced the gene and created contemporary cloning techniques. Spectacular computer animation displays the beautiful simplicity of the DNA molecule, and reveals how the gene was spliced.
2007; 1988

Evolution [electronic resource]: Man Takes a Hand

This program provides an explanation of how the twin techniques of gene splicing and cloning are helping to unravel the secrets of variation. Genetic engineering is altering the branching pattern of natural evolution-which proceeds by mutations within a species and sexual recombination within that species-into a network, in which genes are moved within the laboratory from any species to any other species. The program explains the irreversible and unforeseeable results of gene splicing and the scientific and governmental regulations under consideration-realistic scientific and moral questions, uninformed though highly imaginative hysteria. and the actual effects of cloning; it explains the sequences of DNA, how we are learning to read them, the masterminding message in the DNA of many [...]
2007; 1988

The Human Genome [electronic resource]

This program explores the search for the one specific disease-causing gene among a hundred thousand genes clustered on 23 pairs of chromosomes-a maze called the human genome. In the 1950s, we discovered that genes were sections of the long strand of hereditary material, DNA; in the 1970s, we learned how to cut and splice that strand; in the 1990s, we are labeling the individual genes that carry beneficial or unwanted characteristics. The program shows how individual genes are being identified, and the moral and psychological dilemma confronting doctor and patient when a disease like Huntington's chorea can be genetically identified: Is it better to live with fear or risk knowing that a lingering and horrible death awaits?
2005; 1988

DNA Techniques [electronic resource]

This program gives an explanation of the promises and the dangers inherent in deciphering the gene map, and a warning about the dangers of eliminating genetic variation and recessive traits. The program analyzes the potential misuse of genetic information and demonstrates the potential of genetic engineering to provide the first true preventive medicine program in medical history, as well as the possibility of eradicating single-gene defects like thalassemia; it also explains the dangers of narrowing the genetic pool, and-in a segment with extraordinary photography-shows the injection of human genes into mouse ova so that they merge with the mouse DNA. And the program proceeds to ask: Is this the first step to wiping out genetic illness-or to wiping out ourselves?
2008; 1988

Cell Wars [electronic resource]

Biotechnology combines man and mouse to track and attack man's most feared diseases, using cells to kill killer cells. Exceptional computer animation demonstrates how the body's immune system works. The program explains the role of antibodies in vaccinations and allergies, and shows the uses of monoclonal antibodies in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of different types of tumors, as well as the immune system deficiency syndrome AIDS.

Recombinant Technology [electronic resource]

The search for a magic bullet against cancer and AIDS is leading to recombinant technology-to explain the nature of the disease problem, help the body's immune system destroy the invader, and accelerate recovery from treatment. As more diseases are being nearly wiped out, more disease-resistant bacteria and viruses are turning up. Vaccine developers are using genetically-engineered vaccines to create more effective vaccines that are cheaper to grow and easier to deliver. The diseases for which vaccines are being sought range from AIDS to colon cancer; the longer-range goal is to understand the role of oncogenes in controlling growth, and therefore to solving the underlying problem of cancer itself.

Practical Applications and Risks of Genetic Science [electronic resource]

This program discusses the Human Genome Project, gene-related medical research, and beneficial and potentially dangerous applications of genetic technology both to humans and to plants. Efforts to fight disease through gene therapy and recombinant DNA technology are addressed, as well as research into genetically controlling cancer and organ transplant rejection. The risks of agricultural over-hybridization through genetic engineering and cloning are also explored, as well as the ethical and biological issues surrounding human cloning, alteration of the human genome, and gene warfare.
2006; 1997

Prenatal Development [electronic resource]

Research shows that our development in the womb can have a profound influence on our later lives. This video examines the nine months beginning with conception and ending with the birth of a healthy baby-the period of time called prenatal development. In addition this video contains information on the major physical milestones during pregnancy, emphasizing the importance of the expectant mother's health, nutrition, and care and describing the proper development of the baby. It also shares what mothers-to-be can look forward to during these crucial months. Proper prenatal care provides a healthy start and is essential to the entire process of human development.
2005; 2001

Reproduction [electronic resource]: Designer Babies

This program examines some of the issues raised by the potential uses and misuses of genetic technology. The program demonstrates the techniques of both ultrasound scanning and amniocentesis as well as explains genetic manipulation techniques and the potential applications of the knowledge gained from the human genome project. The program provides a complete introduction to the following topics: Structure and function of DNA; Social, economic, and ethical implications of genetic manipulation; Prenatal screening techniques; Genetic abnormalities; Artificial insemination and embryo transplants
2005; 1995

Reproduction [electronic resource]: Shares in the Future

This, the first of four programs on reproduction and birth, looks at how the male and female bodies are prepared for their task of increasing the human race. The program shows the characteristics of sperm and ova and how each contains a partial blueprint for the future offspring. The mechanism of cell division is shown through exceptional microphotography, and the mechanisms of heredity are carefully described.
2006; 1984

An Imperfect Cure [electronic resource]: Great Ormond Street

The patients of the renal unit at Great Ormond Street Hospital are living with conditions that cannot be completely cured. In this film, Drs. Lesley Rees, Rukshana Shroff, and Sarah Ledermann face complex decisions in a never-ending cycle of treatment: 4-month-old Alisha was born with kidney failure, and the staff must keep her alive until she grows big enough to receive a kidney transplant; 14-year-old Imaan's kidneys are slowly poisoning her, and doctors want to remove them, but she refuses to have the operation; Bethany was born with mental and physical disabilities, including poorly functioning kidneys, and her father is keen to donate his kidney, but the staff must decide whether she is likely to survive a transplant.

Pregnancy Care [electronic resource]

Before modern medicine, many mothers and their babies did not survive pregnancy and childbirth. Today, good prenatal care can significantly improve the quality of the pregnancy and the outcome for the baby and mother. Good prenatal care includes good nutrition and health habits before and during pregnancy, frequent prenatal exams, routine ultrasounds to detect problems with the baby, and routine screenings. The goals of prenatal care are to monitor both the mother and baby throughout the pregnancy, look for changes that may lead to a high-risk pregnancy, explain nutritional requirements during and after pregnancy, explain activity recommendations or restrictions, discuss common pregnancy complaints, and give support to the pregnant woman and her family.

The Artificial Uterus [electronic resource]: Birth Without Bodies

An IVF petri dish sustains newly fertilized embryos for nearly a week. On the other end of the pregnancy journey, incubation can stand in for a mother's womb as early as five and a half months into gestation. But there is no medical substitute for the intervening time in which the uterus protects and nurtures life - not yet, anyway. This film examines the very real possibility that technology will one day offer a comprehensive surrogate for natural uterine development. Beginning with biologist and philosopher Henri Atlan, who explains the thinking behind his groundbreaking book The Artificial Uterus, the program also features Weill Cornell Medical College researcher Dr. Helen Hung Ching Liu, who performed controversial uterus-replacement tests on mice but stopped short of human exper [...]

Whatever It Takes [electronic resource]: A Child Against All Odds

Denise, 43, is a midwife who has delivered hundreds of babies for other people but is unable to have a child of her own. She and her husband are putting their trust in an embryo-screening test that could help her avoid another miscarriage. This episode follows them through the treatment - and the critical decision they are suddenly faced with. Yasmina and Aldwin have been receiving IVF treatment for six years. They are so keen to start a family that they are prepared to take medication that is unproven. The couple add to their existing £40,000 IVF bill and take a gamble on the new treatment. An emotional roller coaster ensues.

Breast Engorgement [electronic resource]

It's normal during the first week after a baby is born for a mother's breasts to become heavy, and tender, and full as the milk is coming in. And even before that as the blood flow is expanding and the lymph flow is expanding to allow the milk to come in. But sometimes that progresses to something we call engorgement. I'm Dr. Alan Greene, and I want to talk briefly about engorgement.