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The Second American Revolution: Part 2 [electronic resource]

The year 1954 can now be seen as a clarifying point of convergence in American history. Among other things, it was the year that brought the Supreme Court's decision to outlaw racial segregation in the schools of the United States. In this program, Bill Moyers, Ossie Davis, and Ruby Dee tell the story of how the New Deal, World War II, and postwar social changes set the stage for a long-awaited and hard-fought legal assault on the fortresses of segregation. The video also shows how the victory of 1954 sparked a decade of continuing nonviolent revolution that culminated in the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
2010; 1984

Taking a Stance Against Racism and Discrimination [electronic resource]

They're an average American family at a typical American restaurant. They also happen to be Hispanic (not to mention that the restaurant is situated in Tucson, Arizona, a hub of our nation's ongoing immigration debate) From out of nowhere, an off-duty security guard asks to see their documentation, and as he grows more insistent, the other diners nervously consider what steps, if any, to take. It's a scenario drawn from real life, no doubt, but in this case, the guard and the family are actors in a hidden-camera ABC News segment-one designed to spark reactions from onlookers. Several other staged dilemmas are also included here: Jewish customers face an anti-Semitic cashier, hearing-impaired job seekers aren't allowed to fill out applications, an HIV-positive man is subjected to verb [...]

A Film About Races [electronic resource]: A Fresh Look at Diversity

An exploration of the notion of race, this program follows host Paul Duddridge as he pushes aside society's taboos to find out what "race" really is. Duddridge organizes a mini-Olympics based on racial identity to demonstrate the fluidity of the concept - he notes that Jews and Arabs will be on the same team - and the participants poke fun at their own tendency to stereotype. With significant input from sociologists, anthropologists, and authors including John Baugh (Beyond Ebonics), Kwame Anthony Appiah (The Ethics of Identity) and Jon Entine (Abraham's Children: Race, Identity and the DNA of the Chosen People), the video examines some common misconceptions about race.

The WPA Film Library [electronic resource]: Blackface Racism, ca. 1910

Racist film (old comedy) with buffoonish chauffeur in blackface, racism; stereotypes; racial; prejudice; caricature.

The WPA Film Library [electronic resource]: Australian Aborigines, 1932

Racist story about Aborigines in Australia with extremely patronizing narration.

The WPA Film Library [electronic resource]: Racism on the Golf Course, 1932

Racism on the Golf Course: a "comic" (or disturbing) situation includes teeing off on a ball held up by the lips of black caddie, and more.

The WPA Film Library [electronic resource]: Blackfaced Stereotyping, 1933

Racist: A BLACKFACE routine with four guys in blackface singing and acting out a craps game, truly offensive stereotyping

Moyers & Company [electronic resource]: An Optimist for Our Times

Angela Blackwell has spent her adult life advocating practical ways to fulfill America's promise of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" for all. Now, with our middle class struggling, poverty rising, and inequality growing, the founder and chief executive officer of PolicyLink, an influential research center, finds reasons for hope. In this edition of Moyers & Company, Bill Moyers and Blackwell discuss what fuels her optimism. "I'm not discouraged, and I wouldn't even dream of giving up, because we're at a moment right now where I think we have more possibility than I've seen in my adult lifetime," Blackwell tells Moyers. "So many people who are being left behind are now in places where they have voice and influence.... America doesn't want to talk about race, but the futur [...]

Shattering the Silences [electronic resource]: The Case for Minority Faculty

Across America, campus diversity is under attack: affirmative action programs are shut down, ethnic studies departments defunded, multicultural scholarships severely slashed. Faculty of color remain less than 9.2 percent of all full professors, and minority student enrollment is dropping. In this program, eight professors of color - African-American, Latino, Native American, and Asian-American - discuss the special pressures minority faculty face in majority-white institutions. The eight point to special pressures such as being tapped to provide diversity on faculty committees and in scholarly organizations, being advisors for all the students of their ethnicity, and their work being held to higher standards than those of their white colleagues.

Children of Blessing [electronic resource]: Opportunity for China's Minorities

This documentary provides a poignant look at modern China. Flower, Rascal, and their friends come from a remote village in the Chinese mountains and speak only Lahu. Now they must leave their idyllic home for boarding school in the city. During their first year at primary school, they're modeled into being good socialist workers. Can the girls make their way in modern China? And what price will they have to pay to succeed? Both girls work hard, and in the end they achieve high scores in their exams. They're prepared for their new lives, but they realize they can have success only on terms of the Chinese system. Beautifully filmed, Children of Blessing reveals how China assimilates its minorities.

Buffalo Soldiers [electronic resource]: An American Legacy

By the end of the Civil War, nearly 200,000 black soldiers were serving in the Federal Army. After the war many decided not to return to a life of sharecropping and racial oppression, instead volunteering to battle outlaws and Indian raiders along the western frontier. This program uses dazzling reenactments and the expertise of military historians to tell the multifaceted story of the Buffalo Soldiers, a name given to black troops by their Native American adversaries. Viewers learn about the daily lives and daunting assignments of these proud African-Americans, the harsh environments in which they conducted missions, and the deeds of individual Buffalo Soldiers such as Sgt. Emanuel Stance, Lt. George Burnett, and Henry Flipper - the first black cadet to graduate from West Point, who [...]

Nouveau Poor [electronic resource]: Immigrant Poverty

The "golden door" exalted at the Statue of Liberty still beckons the world's poor. Once inside the U.S., however, most immigrants accept a lifestyle that is anything but glittering. This program reveals the conditions in which an American newcomer, legal or not, struggles to earn a living, save money, and meet basic needs. Featuring interviews with numerous immigrants from Latin America and Africa, the film illustrates their experiences with entrenched racism, unfairly low wages, the lack of a social safety net, few if any economic resources, and crowded, substandard housing. These individuals also describe the goals that drive them-education and a better future for their loved ones-and the equally important work ethic with which the majority of immigrants approach their jobs. Severa [...]

Indian School [electronic resource]: Stories of Survival

Proposing to "kill the Indian and save the man," U.S. Army captain Richard H. Pratt envisioned an educational system that would erase Native American culture and "civilize" the continent's indigenous people. His chosen method? Removing children from Pennsylvania's tribal communities and confining them in barracks-style schools - initially the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, which Pratt founded in 1879. In myopic terms it was a remarkably effective strategy, and Carlisle became a cruel model for institutions all over the U.S. and Canada, including Michigan's Mount Pleasant Indian School. Subjected to emotional, physical, and spiritual abuse, Mount Pleasant students were inevitably alienated from their families, native languages, and tribal religions. This film combines archival mat [...]

Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle [electronic resource]

In telling the story of the organizing of the first black trade union - The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters - this program provides an account of African-American working life between the Civil War and World War II. Narrator Rosina Tucker, a 100-year-old union organizer and porter's widow, describes how after a long struggle led by A. Philip Randolph, the porters won the first contract ever negotiated with black workers. The film describes the harsh discrimination which lay behind the porters' smiling service and reveals a key source of the Civil Rights movement.

Revolution '67 [electronic resource]

This documentary tells the story of the explosive urban rebellion that tore Newark, New Jersey apart for nearly a week in the summer of 1967, sparked by the arrest of a black cabdriver by two white officers. Newark residents, police and civic officials, historians, and special commentators including Amiri Baraka, Bob Herbert, and Tom Hayden recount the details of the uprising. Tracing the unrest back to decades of industrial decline, unemployment, racial discrimination, and political corruption, the film connects the Newark riots with similar disturbances in Detroit, Watts, and over 500 other U.S. cities during the 1960s.

Sister Rose's Passion [electronic resource]

Until the Second Vatican Council in 1965, textbooks used to educate Catholic children taught that Jews were responsible for the death of Christ and hence were hated by God. The amendment at Vatican II was thanks to Sister Rose Thering, who had been troubled by the Church's anti-Semitic stance as a child, and appalled by the lack of response to the Holocaust as an adult. In this program, Sister Rose describes her crusade to strike inaccurate and inflammatory language about Jews from the Catholic canon. Historians and members of the clergy shed light on the theological roots of anti-Semitism, and also comment on Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ, which was condemned by the U.S. Conference of Bishops.

On the Male Side of Middle [electronic resource]

I have never identified as female, and this has been an incredible burden for me over the years. So wrote Caitlin, now Calvin, in the time leading up to his decision to have gender reassignment surgery. In this program, filmed a year after he began transitioning from a female body and a year after marrying his partner Sharon, Calvin and his family share their thoughts on the change and the ways in which it did - and didn't - affect their relationships.

The Mushuau Innu [electronic resource]: Surviving Canada

Stripped of their culture and forced to live in squalor, the Innu Mushua of Labrador spiraled downward into addiction, chronic disease, and a shockingly high rate of suicide. This program explores the devastating impact that living under church and government rule has had on the Innu (once known as the Naskapi), and serves as a case study in the degradation of a nomadic hunting culture made to give up its traditional ways. With insights from community members, the film chronicles the tragic attempt to assimilate the Innu through relocation to substandard housing with no sanitation facilities and schooling that proclaimed their ancient beliefs to be works of the devil. Chief Simeon Tshakapesh addresses the need for economic and educational development for his people, and Don McCrae, a [...]

Shooting Muhammad [electronic resource]: A Palestinian Attends an Israeli University

For 21-year-old Muhammad, being a Palestinian attending an Israeli university means passing through checkpoint after checkpoint as he embarks on the hour-and-a-half-long bus ride to his class. He has no friends at school and faces the constant threat of violence. That seems tough enough, but the very act of attending a university on an Israeli settlement divides him against himself. Muhammad's challenging life spills out in this fast and vibrant narrative. "My dream is to make music and movies," says Muhammad. His father put what little he had toward an education for Muhammad but is now suffering from a fatal heart disease. "Life is hard for us, and it's getting harder. I hope to God Muhammad will make it," says his father.

Sleeping Tigers [electronic resource]: The Asahi Baseball Story

In pre - World War II Vancouver, the Asahi baseball team was unbeatable, outplaying the taller Caucasian teams and winning the prestigious Pacific Northwest Championship for five straight years. When Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, the Canadian government sent every person of Japanese descent, whether born in Canada or not, to internment camps. Faced with hardship and isolation, the former Asahi members survived by playing baseball. Their passion for this quintessential North American game soon attracted other players, including RCMP and local townspeople, and the baseball games helped to break down racial and cultural barriers. In Sleeping Tigers, award-winning director Jari Osborne skillfully weaves together archival film, dramatic re-creations, and candid interviews with the last of th [...]