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Political Geography
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Pakistan [electronic resource]: Between the Chitralis and Pathans

Situated in western Asia, Pakistan occupies a region of political and economic tension. This program looks at Pakistan's complex relations with Iran, India, and the United States and the contributions of its multicultural population. The influences of Punjabi and Pathan, Sindhi and Baluchi, and Ismaili and Buddhist are all captured, set against the background of life both in cities and in rural communities. The region's heritage as the seat of the Indus Valley civilization is also explored.
2005; 1998

Captured Rain [electronic resource]: America's Thirst for Canadian Water

As current sources of fresh water become increasingly inadequate to support the needs of North America below the Canadian border, the U.S. and Mexico are looking toward their northern neighbor for relief. This program examines the political and commercial ramifications of NAFTA on the bulk export of water, as well as initiatives to conserve and recycle fresh water in the Sun Belt and in northern Mexico. Former senator Paul Simon, environmentalist Richard Bocking, agronomist Wendy Holm, trade negotiators, lawyers, and others discuss the growing geopolitical tension surrounding the commodification of water.
2005; 2000

The Sultanate of Jogjakarta [electronic resource]

The Sultan of Jogjakarta, regarded by his people as the divine representative and intermediary between themselves and the supreme being, rules one of the last remaining kingdoms in Asia. This program explores the emotional bond between the sultan and the people as well as the cultural and religious traditions in Java through history.
2006; 2002

Waters of Discord [electronic resource]

Almost half the world gets its drinking water from rivers that cross national boundaries. Analysts predict that more wars will be fought over water than oil. This program surveys a number of active or potential hot spots: Israel and the river Jordan; the Southeastern Anatolia Project in Turkey and its effects on Syria and Iraq; Egypt's Toshka Canal and the Nile Basin Initiative; and the Tehri dam in India. The program also looks at the effects of the Hoover dam on the Colorado River delta in Mexico and the success of Lesotho's Katse dam. Vandana Shiva, author of Water Wars, discusses many of these situations.
2006; 2003

Boiling Point [electronic resource]: Global Struggle for Water

Competition for freshwater is heating up. Is war inevitable, or is a peaceful solution possible? This program spotlights three trouble spots that epitomize the intensifying crisis and efforts being made to manage it: the Okavango, where a commission formed by Angola, Namibia, and Botswana is trying to resolve the conflict that is endangering the river's unspoiled waters; the Rio Grande, where an aging water-sharing treaty and ever-greater demands for water leave farmers on both sides of the divide with little hope; and the West Bank, where Palestinian rainwater reservoirs and the Israeli water grid are dangerous points of contention between the two peoples.
2006; 2002

Tanim [electronic resource]: Instituting Democracy in Tribal Papua New Guinea

Democratic political principles have finally reached the highlands of Papua New Guinea. Tanim-"to change" or "to turn"-is the story of how the Apulin people, the ruling tribe of Enga province, are struggling to balance this alien electoral system, with all its implicit values and practices, with the secure familiarity of their traditional approaches to rule, land ownership, and systems of compensation. Change has come, and the Apulins must now turn their society in a new direction if they are to survive in their ancestral lands.
2006; 2003

Thailand [electronic resource]: King, Combat, and Ad Karabao

Unlike its neighbors, Thailand has never been colonized or annexed-but keeping it that way has been a stern challenge. This program examines Thailand's political independence, which is based on democratic and generally peaceful rule by a culturally supported monarchy. However, growing dissatisfaction has caused grass-roots dissent, as demonstrated by the lyrics of pop music idol d Karabao, who protests against imported consumer goods, and the agitation of "Ubon Without a Border," a group lobbying for open access with Laos and Cambodia. The powerful yet incongruous influences of Thai boxing and Buddhism are also assessed.
2007; 1998

America's Immigration Debate [electronic resource]

Diversity from immigration keeps cities alive, former Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ) and other leaders assert in this program; opposing views are also presented, thus summarizing America's immigration debate with mixed evaluations of its capacity for change. Using commentary from several experts-including Michael Teitelbaum, vice chair of the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, and Margie McHugh, executive director of the New York Immigrant Coalition-this program studies the isolation of ethnic communities, the shifting of racial definitions, and America's lack of an infrastructure to support immigrant integration.
2006; 2004

Modern Slavery [electronic resource]: Debt Bondage and Child Soldiers

Indentured servitude, however dehumanizing, played a role in the colonization and development of early America. But its 21st-century incarnation, the practice of debt bondage, contributes virtually nothing to the common good of southern Asia. This program examines the plight of workers in India's rural areas, exposing the conditions in which they toil to pay off staggering personal debts. More tragic still are the ranks of child soldiers forced to fight in African militias and armies. Viewers meet Moses, who was kidnapped as a boy and absorbed into Uganda's LRA insurgency. The film shows him going through the process of shedding his soldier's ways, rejoining his family, and trying to reclaim his life.
2010; 2008

Sold [electronic resource]: Fighting the New Global Slave Trade

Evoking the spirit of 19th-century abolitionism, this program enters the lives of three anti-slavery activists in today's developing world. Symphorienne Kessouagni works to protect vulnerable children in rural Togo, keeping them away from traffickers and helping young slaves escape. Sunitha Krishnan is a former Hindu nun in Hyderabad, India, who runs 17 schools for former brothel workers and lobbies officials to enforce anti-slavery laws. Ansar Burney is a Karachi attorney who retrieves Pakistani boys forced to perform as jockeys in the brutal sport of camel racing. Each activist speaks in eloquent detail about his or her experiences and the psychological scars - as well as the resilience - of those freed from slavery.
2010; 2009

Lost Road of the Inca: Part 1 [electronic resource]

Karin Muller is an American on a quest to understand other cultures. This program follows her as she begins her journey of discovery along the route of the ancient Incan highway through South America. In Ecuador, she endures tear gas during a labor riot and witnesses backbreaking toil in a crude, antiquated gold mine. On the disputed border between Ecuador and Peru, she watches ordnance troops unearth and detonate a land mine, visits the lonely graves of fallen soldiers, and-in a life-affirming turn-finds welcome respite in drinking boiled yucca tea at a family farm. Muller provides engaging and eloquent voice-over commentary as her trek progresses.
2010; 1999

Lost Road of the Inca: Part 2 [electronic resource]

From medicinal shamans to taxi drivers in rusty death traps, this program plunges further into the depth and breadth of life in South America-following American adventurer Karin Muller as she travels the ancient Incan highway. Muller joins Peruvian fishermen plying their trade in handmade reed boats; watches herds of vicuna penned and sheared of their precious wool; absorbs the spectacle of Machu Picchu and its sophisticated stonework; and encounters the spirit of Carnival and Catholic devotion in Bolivia. Then comes a euphoric motorcycle ride into Chile-until Muller reaches Santiago, reenters the world of billboards and fast food, and bids farewell to a landscape of countless cultural riches.
2010; 1999

Conflict on a Local Scale [electronic resource]

This program examines types of conflict that can occur at the local level, whether that locality is a single town, a region, or an entire country. After generally addressing armed conflict-different types of war, where they tend to proliferate, and kinds of weaponry used-Conflict on a Local Scale illustrates unarmed conflict through five examples. They include a clash of recreational interests in Britain's Lake District; in Cambodia, the forced eviction of residents from confiscated oceanfront real estate; the potential expansion of England's Heathrow Airport, which would necessitate the leveling of an entire town; tensions over inadequate water supplies in Ukraine, an instance of cooperative conflict resolution; and a municipal planning crisis involving a supermarket chain in the Br [...]
2010; 2009

Global Conflict [electronic resource]

This program-a valuable tool for introducing the concepts of energy security, antiterrorism, and managing change at the global level-identifies the roots of violent conflict by way of specific examples. Through discussion of territorial conflicts (India/Pakistan, Israel/PLO), genocides (Rwanda, Srebrenica), terrorism (al Qaeda, IRA, ETA), and hybridized violence such as that found in Sudan, Global Conflict makes the case that an understanding of the sources of conflict, combined with the free exchange of information internationally, is the key to reducing strife at all levels.
2010; 2009

Consequences of Conflict [electronic resource]

The consequences of armed conflict are complex and long-lasting. Using Zimbabwe, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan as points of departure, this program examines some of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of conflicts at the national and international levels. Topics include the pernicious phenomenon of child soldiers; the plight of refugees and internally displaced persons; thorny issues related to aid money and international assistance; the enduring scars of war on the landscape; the repercussions of ruined infrastructural elements such as power grids; and the unquantifiable losses-the what-could-have-beens-that inevitably occur when a nation's money is diverted from education and health care.
2010; 2009

How the States Got Their Shapes [electronic resource]

Is it just a fluke of history that Illinois, not Wisconsin, contains the city of Chicago? Whatever happened to the state of Jefferson? And why is Texas too big to mess with? This program uncovers the political, cultural, and geographical forces that shaped the map of the United States. From the original thirteen colonies to the jigsaw puzzle of today's 50 states... from the nooks and crannies of the east to the rigid boxes of the west... from the Atlantic to the Pacific, viewers learn how America was carved out of the landscape and how the forces that sculpted our country still influence it today.

Revolution Hijacked [electronic resource]: Post-Mubarak Egypt

When Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak relinquished power, the country and the world dared to envision a peaceful transition to democracy. Military leaders were expected to guide the transition-but with each passing day, the army looked more and more like the regime it had replaced. This program documents the challenges Egyptians faced following the sudden implementation of military rule in February of 2011. Reports bring to light clear signs of state-sponsored thuggery and intimidation as well as censorship and other human-rights violations, including military trials with no right of appeal. Cameras capture scenes of violent clashes in which Coptic Christians and Muslim allies battle government troops and police forces. But amid the chaos and bloodshed, viewers will discern an unrele [...]

Afghanistan, Palestine, Somalia [electronic resource]: Wars

For eighty-year-old Uri, Israel's 1948 War of Independence has brought nothing but glory. He's considered a legend in his hometown on the volatile Israel/Lebanon border, and young recruits hang on his every word. By contrast, Qahir's prospects for a fulfilling life look dim. Although he lost his legs to a Kabul landmine, he works so that his brothers can attend school, but has given up hope of starting a family of his own. And in Somalia, Madguud has watched warfare ravish his country physically and emotionally - the place where he grew up is now described as "the city of the walking dead." This documentary explores the impact of war on daily life through the insights and experiences of these three men, whose countries have endured some of the longest conflicts in history.
2010; 2012

Ukraine [electronic resource]: Lords of the Ring, Fighting for Reform

Boxing champions Vitali and Vladimir Klitschko used to let their fists and footwork do the talking-but now the brothers are ready to talk about the plight of their beloved homeland, Ukraine, and their plans to wrest it back from nefarious political forces. This program offers a ringside seat to their efforts-not just to Vladimir's bone-crushing heavyweight bout in Switzerland but also to Vitali's campaign for a seat in the Ukrainian parliament. Both fighters are smart, charismatic, university educated, and driven to change their nation's direction. But it won't be easy. Ukraine is at the top of Transparency International's list of corrupt European governments, and its political landscape is littered with contenders who've been bruised, battered, and beaten-figuratively, by Machiavell [...]

The Global Neighborhood [electronic resource]: What Can Happen With Globalization

Globalization is uniting the people of planet Earth as political and economic forces work to create a more centralized world. Internal affairs of sovereign nations are no longer off limits to the global community, and the principle of humanitarian intervention is gaining widespread acceptance. This program documents the efforts of nongovernmental organizations such as Oxfam and the World Wildlife Fund to take collective action on issues of international importance, including homelessness, environmental stewardship, and equitable trade.
2006; 2000