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Nonfiction Television Programs
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United States — Politics and Government — 1969-1974
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1.

Interview With Henry Kissinger, 1982 [electronic resource]

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Henry Kissinger's involvement with Vietnam started before he was Nixon's National Security Advisor. While at Harvard, Kissinger was a consultant on foreign policy to both the White House and State Department and in a 1973 peace agreement, Kissinger helped mediate between Washington and Hanoi. In this interview Kissinger recalls the period before he joined the Nixon White House and how he did not question the United States involvement in Vietnam. In 1965, Kissinger travelled to Vietnam and saw that the war was not winnable in the way it was currently being conducted. Moreover, he had doubts as to whether or not South Vietnam could stand on their own once the United States left. He also describes his impression of Le Duc Tho as someone whose goal was to break the morale and spirit of t [...]
Online
1983
2.

Interview With John D. Negroponte, 1981 [electronic resource]

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From 1964 to 1968, John Negroponte was Second Secretary in Saigon; from 1968 to 1969, a member of U.S. Delegation to Paris Peace Talks; and from 1970 to 1973, a member of the National Security Council staff. He describes the mood in Paris in 1968 as euphoric, thinking the negotiations for peace with the North Vietnamese would be quick. He discusses President Nixon and Secretary Kissinger's thinking about the negotiations in the context of China and the Soviet Union. He describes the character of Le Duc Tho, who secretly met with Kissinger to help advance the Peace Accords. Negroponte goes into detail about the issue of the withdrawal of North Vietnamese troops from the South. He describes the purpose of the Christmas Bombing of North Vietnam in 1972 and responds to questions about Ni [...]
Online
1983
3.

Interview With Melvin R. Laird, 1981 [electronic resource]

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Secretary of Defense from 1969 to 1972, and domestic advisor to President Nixon from 1973 to 1974, Melvin Laird is best known for coining the term "Vietnamization." Laird discusses the pressure he felt for troop withdrawal under President Nixon and the idea that it was time for South Vietnam to be handed the tools to defend their country and let the Americans withdraw. Laird also talks about the Cambodian bombing in 1969 and the fact that while he agreed with the act of bombing, he disagreed with the plan to keep it secret. He also talks about his disagreements with Henry Kissinger and the tension he felt while working with him.
Online
1983
4.

Interview With Paul N. McCloskey, 1981 [electronic resource]

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Former Republican politician from California, Paul (Pete) McCloskey, talks about the 1973 vote that ended US involvement in the Vietnam War. McCloskey believes that it was the gradual increase in the number of certain Congressmen, who had been elected on the platform of opposing excessive presidential power, that changed the course of American policy in Vietnam. He also recalls that when he was elected in 1967, his constituency was still in favor of the war, but that in 1969, after the Tet Offensive, public opinion began to turn. McCloskey also relates how, during the signing of the Paris Peace Agreement, Kissinger wanted to make sure that a decent interval would elapse before Saigon fell, in order for it to appear the US had lived up to its obligation.
Online
1983
5.

Interview With Raymond K. (Raymond Kissam) Price, 1982 [electronic resource]

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Raymond K. Price, Jr. was an assistant to and speechwriter for President Nixon. He speaks about the 1968 campaign, focusing primarily on Hubert Humphrey and the role that Vietnam played in Nixon's victory. He details Nixon's reaction to the demonstrations and the administration's strategy for dealing with public opinion while taking a hard line approach to North Vietnam. Mr. Price concludes with commentary about the abolishment of the draft system and the effects of the Watergate scandal on the outcomes of the Vietnam War.
Online
1983