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Faith, Hope and Capital [electronic resource]: Banking on the "Unbankable"

Unlike banks, community development financial institutions specialize in backing people whose future possibilities inspire more hope than their credit reports do. This program examines the workings of CDFIs through stories of borrowers considered "unbankable" by conventional lenders. Case studies from Seattle; Chicago; Philadelphia; Portland, Maine; Demopolis, Alabama; and Chester, Pennsylvania, prove that capital and technical assistance invested in small businesses can stabilize and improve poor and neglected communities by creating jobs, money, and pride.
2006; 1999

European Integration [electronic resource]

The E.U. is intent on developing a Europe without economic borders. Module one of this program outlines the potential of Europe's open labor markets while addressing the barriers imposed by language and culture. Module two examines the basic principles of the European Central Bank and the objectives of European monetary policy. Module three assesses both the economic gains to be had from European integration and the challenges of equitable political representation.
2005; 1999

Korea [electronic resource]: Conquering a Financial Crisis

In 1997, South Korea-the world's 11th-largest economy at that time-was brought to the verge of economic collapse by the "Asian flu. This program scrutinizes that country's amazing comeback, facilitated by the IMF. Using intensive crisis management and a massive bailout of
2006; 2000

The Invention of Banking [electronic resource]

In 13th- and 14th-century Tuscany, money became the new tool of power as industry, trade, and finance flourished. This program follows the remarkable rise of the great banking families whose groundbreaking innovations in finance led to the economics of international big business practiced today. Merchant bankers also supported the aims of the Catholic Church by using their extraordinary wealth to become patrons for charities and spectacular works of art and architecture. Featured interviews include Nicholas Terpstra and Dr. Elizabeth Leesti, historians at the University of Toronto.
2005; 2004

Private Financing of Green Companies [electronic resource]

Many old-line portfolio managers claim that dealing with green companies is too risky, and yet they do not hesitate to buy up dangerously volatile hedge funds. In this program Hazel Henderson and philanthropic entrepreneur Karl Kleissner suggest that the traditional financial community broaden their strategies to include eco-friendly ventures. Kleissner is co-founder of the K. L. Felicitas Foundation, which lends monetary support to triple-bottom-line enterprises, and of Toniic, a worldwide network of ethical investors. Among the topics raised in the discussion are impact investing, and the need for individuals to be assertive with financial counselors about making environmentally-conscious choices.

The Money Fix [electronic resource]: An Alternative Look at Our Monetary System

More money is owed to banks than actually exists in circulation-some say the idea of loans is to keep money in short supply so that an economy based on a frightening "myth of scarcity" is created. This program poses provocative questions about the philosophy of our monetary system. To what extent does a society's financial structure affect its cultural outlook? Can we learn from the economy of nature, where all parts of an ecosystem work together with no profit motive? The video documents three types of alternative currencies based on cooperation instead of competition, all of which are helping to boost the financial strength of the communities in which they operate. An overview of the history of the banking system is included, along with expert commentary and entertaining archival c [...]

Aging Populations [electronic resource]: East Devon

Like many economically developed countries the U. K. is home to a rapidly growing number of people over the age of 50. What are the social changes behind this trend, and what are its implications? The issues surrounding an aging population are examined in this program, using East Devon in the U. K. as a case study. The video addresses the strain on health care, special housing, and transportation services from a segment of the population that contributes little in tax revenue-but it also shows how East Devon is meeting the challenge of supporting its seniors, and some unexpected ways in which elderly retirees are contributing to the local economy.

Why Reform Global Finance? [electronic resource]: Stresses and Imbalances

During the late '90s and onward many countries fell victim to the repercussions of "hot money"-funds that were shrewdly managed for short-term profit in spite of their tendency to increase market instability. Economic meltdowns in Africa and elsewhere were so severe they eventually sparked humanitarian groups to call for cancellation of the poorest countries' debt. In this program Hazel Henderson examines the need for global finance reform with a panel of three renowned economists. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, director of the UN's Human Development Report, believes globalization has harmed impoverished nations, and former IMF chief economist Kenneth Rogoff proposes the use of grants instead of loans. Controversial author John Perkins (Confessions of an Economic Hit Man), also an independent e [...]

Getting From Here to There [electronic resource]: What the World's People Want

A paradigm shift has occurred since the founding of the World Bank over half a century ago, representing a new awareness of how reduction-of-poverty programs impact the daily lives of the people they aim to help. The people themselves are making their voices heard. Global public opinion in the form of online activists, the findings of research groups such as Columbia University's Earth Institute, and the UN's 1998 Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities all indicate a wish for less spending on military budgets and more on basic human rights. In this program a panel of economists respond to Hazel Henderson's assertion that world opinion is slowly reshaping economic models, and that ethical investing plays a key role in this change. Do the poor really have a voice when global [...]

Reforming the World Bank [electronic resource]

The World Bank was founded in 1944 mainly as a way to help Europe rebuild after the Second World War, and it has since become the premiere agency for aiding developing countries. But critics began to say that the World Bank's rigid economic formulas failed to take into account the societal differences of those it served, that its projects were ecologically harmful, and that despite aid, billions of people were still lacking access to food, clean water, and education-but were now in debt to more powerful nations. The World Bank expanded its mandate to address these concerns, but has there been measurable change? In this program Hazel Henderson discusses the World Bank's focus on the noneconomic aspects of development with former IMF chief economist Kenneth Rogoff; Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, [...]

Reforming the International Monetary Fund [electronic resource]

Like its sister organization the World Bank, the IMF was created after World War II with the goal of stabilizing the economy of nations in need, and like the World Bank, faced an onslaught of criticism by the dawn of the 21st century. Developing countries were going deeper into debt by following the prescriptions of the IMF, at the expense of their citizens' day-to-day quality of life. In this program Hazel Henderson discusses the ethics of debt restructuring, and whether the only entities who benefit from IMF loans are rich nations and the despotic leaders of the countries who receive aid. Henderson is joined by Kenneth Rogoff, former IMF chief economist, who supports the use of austerity measures and explains what bankruptcy would mean to emerging economies; UN Human Development Re [...]

Visions of a Brighter Future [electronic resource]

Hazel Henderson believes the old models for development are changing, going beyond GDP and GNP to broader indicators of wealth based on peace and human rights. According to Henderson, the rise of nonprofits, NGOs, and volunteer workers has challenged old-fashioned corporate mentalities, and the concept of socially responsible investing is gaining momentum. Is an era of environmental sustainability, respect for social concerns, and global cooperation now possible? In this program Henderson and a panel of economists share their views on what lies ahead for the human family, touching on the UN's Millennium Development Goals and the vision of the Darwin Group-who submit that Charles Darwin spent more time addressing "the human genius for altruism and cooperation" than he did on survival [...]

Steering Capital Toward Sustainability [electronic resource]

After spending nearly two decades as a corporate stockbroker, John Fullerton became convinced of the need to link economic power to environmental stewardship. In this program Hazel Henderson speaks with Fullerton, who went on to found the Capital Institute, about the socially-conscious investing movement. Some of the topics touched on are the relevance of a market-based economy, the political response to the late 2000's financial crises, and the success of the Bank of North Dakota, the country's only state-owned bank. Henderson also brings up the E.U.'s proposal of a financial transaction tax meant to offset the potential harm caused by volatile trading practices, and to be used for the public good.

Moyers & Company [electronic resource]: Gambling With Your Money

You'd think after such a calamitous economic fall, there'd be a strong consensus on reinforcing the protections that keep us out of harm's way. But in some powerful corners, the opposite is happening. Business and political forces, including hordes of lobbyists, are working to diminish these protections. One of the biggest targets is the Volcker Rule, which aims to keep banks from using customers' deposits to gamble on their own, sometimes risky, investments. In this edition of Moyers & Company, Bill Moyers talks with Paul Volcker, the namesake of the Volcker Rule. Moyers' second guest is activist and former British diplomat Carne Ross, who shares nine principles for effective citizen action and describes his work to devise a banking system aligned with the public good. The broadcast [...]

Google China Standoff [electronic resource]

Whether Google, Inc. expanded into China because of the country's vast consumer market or out of a sincere desire to make information available may be up for debate. The company is known for its idealistic corporate culture, but the controversy regarding Google China's censorship policy became so fierce that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton felt compelled to make a worldwide call for Internet freedom. This program examines Google, Inc.'s operation in China and its battle between political and economic sensitivity and unlimited access to information. Differing points of view are presented by Beijing professor Hu Yong; Kaiser Kuo, director of communications at the Chinese Web services company Baidu; CUNY professor Ying Zhu; Ken Auletta, author of Googled; and others.

The Food Speculator [electronic resource]

Tunisia's Arab Spring was triggered in part by a surge in grain prices that made purchasing bread nearly impossible. Like other publicly traded goods, the wheat market is subject to speculation - but when investors speculate on agricultural futures, food costs rise, directly impacting the quality of life in developing countries. In this program, director Kees Brouwer assumes the role of a food speculator as he investigates this practice, traveling to the Chicago Board of Trade and to Tunisia, where he meets with the man responsible for food prices there. Along the way, viewers get a crash course in commodities investment, supply and demand, and futures contracts.

Overdose [electronic resource]: The Financial Collapse

The storm that would rock the world began brewing in the U.S. when Congress pushed the idea of home ownership for all, aiding those who couldn't make down payments. The market even coined a term: NINA loans (no income, no assets - no problem). When the world's financial bubble burst, the solution was to lower interest rates and pump trillions of dollars into the sick banking system. According to economics Nobel laureate Vernon Smith, "The solution is the problem. That's why we had a problem in the first place." Governments introduced the biggest financial stimulus packages in history. But what crazed logic is this, propping up debt with more debt? This documentary brings a fresh voice to the hottest topic of today.

Money [electronic resource]: Who Creates It? Who Controls It? Who Profits?

In this program, Turkish filmmaker Isaac Isitan investigates recent economic crises in Turkey and Argentina, with a focus on their roots and their effects upon the middle classes in both countries. How could these two countries have gone bankrupt within a decade? The financial turmoil began in the 1980s, when the IMF ordered structural adjustment programs in the agricultural industry and the privatization of government businesses to fund payment of external debts. Furthermore, banks faced with insolvency began closing their doors, denying account-holders access to their life savings. Confronted by a lack of money, citizens in both countries reinvent it through large-scale bartering systems.
2009; 2004

Slums and Money [electronic resource]: A Socioeconomic Analysis

Patterns of urbanization and poverty are playing an increasingly heavy role in the debate over globalization and market regulation. In a hard-hitting analysis of the issues, this program assembles a wide-ranging set of opinions from scholars and experts-as well as from ordinary individuals around the world who face urban hardships and obstacles to their livelihoods every day. Commentators include economists Jeffrey Sachs and 2008 Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman; Prof. Sakika Fukuda Parr, former editor of the UN Development Program's Human Development Report; and World Bank President Robert Zoellick. City residents, favela dwellers, and itinerant merchants in India, Turkey, Nigeria, Brazil, and China have their say.

The Power of the Rating Agencies [electronic resource]

The world was shocked when Moody's stripped France of its triple-A status in 2012, less than a year after the country's downgrade by Standard & Poor's. On what did these agencies base their assessment? Was the downgrade justified, or was it a political move on the part of American-based corporations to attack the euro? This program investigates the three top credit rating agencies - Moody's Investor Service, Standard & Poor's, and Fitch Ratings - looking at who they are, how they became so powerful, and the economic, political, and social consequences of their pronouncements. The video includes analysis from experts such as David Levey, the former director of European Sovereign Ratings at Moody's, and Jerome Fons, another former Moody's executive, who says that credit-rating a countr [...]
2012; 2013