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Breaking the Wall of Organizational Ignorance [electronic resource]: How Visual Language Supports Decision Making About Wicked Problems and Social Messes

Organizations that deal with long-term social, commercial, or organizational policy planning face complex and shifting problems that cannot be successfully treated with traditional linear, analytical approaches. These issues, called "wicked problems" or "social messes" in the early 1970s for their nonobjectively assessable nature, causes, boundaries, and solutions, are at the core of Robert Horn's interdisciplinary studies in visual language. This political scientist - whose academic career in policy communication, social learning, and knowledge management has brought him from Harvard to Stanford - has worked since the 1960s on methodologies to analyze and communicate complex subject matters to public and private organizations. In this video lecture from the 2011 Falling Walls Confer [...]

Uspomene 677 [electronic resource]: Determining Bosnia's Future

Six hundred and seventy-seven concentration camps were established during the Bosnian war. The way the victims and the perpetrators within each community deal with this dark legacy will determine the country's future. From a grim outlook to a fragile optimism, this film tells the whole story. It shares the viewpoint of each ethnic group (the Serbs, Bosnians, and Croats) and shows how a new generation is coming to terms with its toxic past. Living in a Bosnia fighting for EU membership, they're desperate to find a way to live together. A haunting profile of a 20-year legacy.

Islamic Bomb [electronic resource]

Did America knowingly allow Pakistan to become the first Islamic nuclear state? Did it look the other way as Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and others collaborated to create the ultimate weapon in defense of Islam? Was America so desperate to defeat the Soviets that it quietly sanctioned a trade-off, permitting the Muslim world to create a nuclear bomb in exchange for help driving the Russians from Afghanistan? This film presents a powerful and compelling indictment of U.S. nuclear policy over the past several decades, with trenchant commentary from investigative journalist Joseph Trento (The Secret History of the CIA), counterintelligence expert Mike Pilgrim, and Pakistani nuclear physicist Prof. Pervez Hoodbhoy.

East Timor and Australia [electronic resource]: The Invisible Ties That Bind

This powerful documentary about the East Timor crisis makes the claim that Australian foreign policymakers sacrificed human rights for their own political gain. Australia had spent millions nurturing a special relationship with Indonesia, creating a three-pronged policy of engagement: it trained Indonesia's soldiers in an attempt to instill more democratic values; negotiated a security pact to take pressure off Australian defense spending; and scored access to Timorese oil. In revelations from intelligence agents, informants, and previously unseen government reports, the film shows just how far Australia went to protect its relationship with Indonesia, to the tragic detriment of the people of East Timor.

Cyber Wars [electronic resource]: The Hacker as Hero

The term once suggested a lone troublemaker in search of attention and self-enrichment, but today, "hacker" might also mean a covert foot soldier in the service of his or her country - put to work in top-secret quarters and backed by budgets that exceed hundreds of millions of dollars. This film looks at the kind of combat for which skilled hackers are recruited and which they often pursue with every bit of energy and resourcefulness asked of more traditional military personnel. Viewers get an up-front look at the Israeli Stuxnet attack, which severely undermined the Iranian nuclear program; Russia's botnet war waged against Estonia and Georgia, which unleashed a network of hundreds of thousands of hacked computers; and the brewing cyber hostilities between the United States and Chin [...]

The Grand War of Civilizations [electronic resource]

For decades, Iraq was Saddam Hussein's sadistic stomping ground. Then it became George W. Bush's ideological battlefield. The pivot point was 9/11 and a perceived link between Saddam and al Qaeda, bringing calls for an invasion from top American and Western leaders. This program examines the consequences of that hasty decision-making process: misadventure on a grand scale, according to many observers, and an extremist backlash that engulfed Iraq in bloodshed. Viewers meet retired Major General James Marks, senior intelligence officer for coalition land forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom, and gain insight as to why the occupation and counter-insurgency faced so many problems. Events in both Fallujah and Baghdad are studied. Numerous accounts from victims of sectarian violence, ques [...]

In the Name of Peace [electronic resource]

By the time the Stalinist regime gave way to the era of Khrushchev, Russia and its rival the U.S. were almost neck and neck in military prowess. One war may have been over, but, as this documentary unveils, another, the Cold War, was just beginning. As rivalry deepened into outright hostility, can the quest to produce the ultimate atomic weapon ever be associated with the phrase "in the name of peace"? In fact, both countries became stocked with atomic weaponry, including bombs, intercontinental missiles, and submarines able to cruise the oceans in secrecy with a devastating array of atomic missiles. As this episode shows, either nation had enough nuclear strength at its disposal to threaten the other's survival.

Stolen Secrets [electronic resource]

In this revealing episode it's 1945, and Soviet propaganda films are inviting all Russia to celebrate the glorious victory of communism over Nazi Germany during World War II. However, all is not well in Russia. The desperate struggle against the German army has ruined the economy. There is misery, poverty, and devastation on the streets of Moscow and throughout the country. And the defeat of Nazi Germany has given western countries the opportunity to launch an international movement aimed at preventing the spread of communism. Furthermore, perhaps the greatest blow to Soviet pride is the fact that the U.S. has won the race to produce the first atom bomb.

The End of Innocence [electronic resource]

This episode focuses on a more detailed investigation of Russia's nuclear coming of age. It traces the atom bomb back to its infancy, to a time when state-sponsored Russian physicists were sent to Cambridge to learn about this obscure new technology. Despite knowledge gleaned from this research, the Bolshevik government was slow to catch onto the strategic importance of atomic energy, continually dismissing it in favor of good old traditional weapons. As time passed, however, the government came to see the importance of the atom. While the U.S. poured the equivalent of 20 to 30 billion rubles into creating its bomb, the USSR achieved the same result at much less expense, largely thanks to its intelligence network that spanned the world's research hotspots.

Gaza [electronic resource]: The Killing Zone

Israel's hard-line policy may be aimed only at Palestinian militants, but very often it's innocent civilians who end up literally caught in the cross fire. This documentary reports on the violence in the Occupied Territories, focusing on the plight of children who are constantly threatened by Israeli snipers, military rockets, and army bulldozers. The film also presents the stories of Rachel Corrie, an American student crushed by a bulldozer as she tried to protect Palestinian homes; photographer Tom Hurndall, who was shot while rescuing a child from gunfire; and cameraman James Miller, killed by Israeli fire despite being unarmed and carrying a white flag.

Iraq [electronic resource]: The Making of an Army

At FOB Endurance in Iraq, American army instructors are training Iraqi security forces to defend their own country. With the insurgency raging outside the base, Sgt. Alvarez has only four weeks to turn a group of men into soldiers, but the time-honored method of yelling and swearing is less effective when recruits don't understand English. With exceptional levels of access and unexpected moments of levity, this documentary chronicles the creation of an Iraqi combat force, focusing on the experience of one young Iraqi given the all-American nickname of "Hamburger.

Hate in the Holy Land [electronic resource]

Aghiat Ahras was just 18 when she strapped on an explosive belt and detonated it in a crowded Israeli supermarket. Her mother understands why Aghiat wanted to die, saying that "Death is the only way out for us." Abigail Levi's 17-year-old daughter was in that supermarket; Levi's grief is exacerbated by the fact that her daughter's killer is venerated as a heroine - and that her daughter had sympathy for the Palestinian cause. This documentary travels to the ghettoes of Palestine to meet with members of the Al Aqsa Martyr's Brigade - a coalition of West Bank militias known for training suicide bombers - speaking with Palestine's disillusioned youth and with Israelis who blame Ariel Sharon for making a difficult situation even worse for everyone involved.

Marx Reloaded [electronic resource]

Today a new generation of philosophers, economists, political activists, and sociologists is returning to Karl Marx's ideas in order to try to make sense of the global economic and financial crisis of 2008 - and to consider whether a world without or beyond capitalism is possible. Could it be that communism might provide the solution to the growing economic and environmental challenges facing the planet? Marx Reloaded explores the possibilities through interviews with leading thinkers at the forefront of a popular revival in Marxist and communist ideas and with skeptics of this revival. Animation sequences - a parody of The Matrix that traces Marx's adventures through the matrix of his own ideas - add a quirky touch of lightness to the film.

A New Muslim World? [electronic resource]

Osama bin Laden's death in 2011 was clearly a milestone in America's war on terror, but for those who study dramatic shifts in the West's relationship with the Islamic world, no event can compare with the Arab Spring. What does the wave of regime-toppling revolution and democratization that began in Tunisia in 2010 mean for the future of the Middle East and for international relations in general? This program searches for answers as it shows how the Arab Spring took root and expanded into the multifaceted movement that continues even today. It also shows how terrorist networks, hate-driven organizations, and hawkish governments still foment violent face-offs with their avowed adversaries, even as greater openness and individual freedoms appear across the Arab-speaking world. Developm [...]

Bogged Down [electronic resource]

Terrorism. Extremism. Religious and sectarian violence. Should we study political and socioeconomic patterns in order to understand why these tragedies occur? Or are they far simpler than that? Are they ultimately about hate and nothing more? Traveling to three focal points of conflict, this program explores 21st-century manifestations of an age-old human problem - the need to destroy others who appear inferior, unworthy, or unholy - and how that flaw in the social psyche shapes today's clash of civilizations. Starting with U.S. President Barack Obama's 2009 Cairo speech as a reference point of moderation, the film spans the globe as it explores an entire spectrum of hate-driven behavior - from the Taliban's brutal repression of anything deemed un-Islamic (such as CD shops and kite f [...]

The Nobel Peace Prize Documentary 2008 [electronic resource]: With Dignity for All

Described by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan as "the only man I know who's made peace on three continents," Martti Ahtisaari has devoted his life to fostering reconciliation among the nations of the world. Produced by the Nobel Foundation, this program profiles the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize recipient, tracing his life and highlighting his achievements in international mediation in Namibia, Aceh, and Kosovo, as well as ongoing work with his organization Crisis Management Initiative. Interviews with Ahtisaari are complemented by commentary from Eileen Babbitt, Professor of International Conflict Management Practice at Tufts University, and Kai Sauer, Director of the Unit for UN and General Global Affairs.
2009; 2008

The Nobel Peace Prize Documentary 2009 [electronic resource]: A New Era of Engagement

Awarding the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize to U.S. President Barack Obama may be the Nobel committee's most controversial decision of all time. This program examines the choice and its implications, as well as the background, accomplishments, and potential of the recipient. Produced by the Nobel Foundation, the film outlines Obama's diverse heritage and formative experiences, compiles opinions from a broad spectrum of political players, and assesses the 44th President's evolving foreign policy. Interviews feature Susan Rice, U.S. Representative to the UN; David Frum, speechwriter for President George W. Bush; Thorbjorn Jagland, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee; and others. Excerpts from Obama's September 2009 speech to the UN General Assembly and June 2009 speech at Cairo Universit [...]
2010; 2009

Banana Wars [electronic resource]: Global Fury Over a Humble Fruit

The history of the banana trade is as politically loaded as that of coffee or oil-and yet it has received scant media attention over the decades. This documentary addresses that information void, exploring links between corporate power, Western governments, and developing nations that are heavily dependent on banana production as a result of colonial and post-colonial influences. Viewers gain an understanding of disputes between U.S.-supported Latin American countries wanting liberalization of European markets and the E.U.-allied ACP (Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific) states, which have traditionally enjoyed tariff preferences. An ideal case study for coursework focusing on the economics of globalization.
2010; 2008

Bad Voodoo's War [electronic resource]

As a small part of the 2007 American military surge in Iraq, a group of National Guard infantrymen who call themselves The Bad Voodoo Platoon was deployed to run convoy security missions. Capturing the humanity and the grim realities of the Iraq war, this Frontline episode incorporates first-person accounts from Bad Voodoo soldiers and video from cameras given to them so that they could tell their own story of the conflict. As a result, viewers will closely follow platoon members through the perilous journeys and daily grinds of their tour of duty.

Post-War Hopes, Cold War Dreams [electronic resource]

The 1950s in America were a time of nostalgia and neurosis. Factories poured out goods, the dollar was powerful, and the United States - filled with the heady optimism of victory in World War II - believed that it could politically, culturally, and militarily lead the world. But the decade also saw the solidification of the Iron Curtain in Europe, the entrenchment of Communism in China, years of so-called police action in Korea, and a Red Scare that divided Americans at home. Bill Moyers shows how an initial burst of optimism fostered an era of American conformity, in which fitting in led to a hostility and distrust of those who stood out.