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Reforming the World Bank [electronic resource]

The World Bank was founded in 1944 mainly as a way to help Europe rebuild after the Second World War, and it has since become the premiere agency for aiding developing countries. But critics began to say that the World Bank's rigid economic formulas failed to take into account the societal differences of those it served, that its projects were ecologically harmful, and that despite aid, billions of people were still lacking access to food, clean water, and education-but were now in debt to more powerful nations. The World Bank expanded its mandate to address these concerns, but has there been measurable change? In this program Hazel Henderson discusses the World Bank's focus on the noneconomic aspects of development with former IMF chief economist Kenneth Rogoff; Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, [...]

Visions of a Brighter Future [electronic resource]

Hazel Henderson believes the old models for development are changing, going beyond GDP and GNP to broader indicators of wealth based on peace and human rights. According to Henderson, the rise of nonprofits, NGOs, and volunteer workers has challenged old-fashioned corporate mentalities, and the concept of socially responsible investing is gaining momentum. Is an era of environmental sustainability, respect for social concerns, and global cooperation now possible? In this program Henderson and a panel of economists share their views on what lies ahead for the human family, touching on the UN's Millennium Development Goals and the vision of the Darwin Group-who submit that Charles Darwin spent more time addressing "the human genius for altruism and cooperation" than he did on survival [...]

Dicing With Debt [electronic resource]: Ireland's 30-Billion-Euro Nightmare

If you want a quick, brutal lesson on Europe's debt crisis, just ask an Irish property developer. Better yet, take a stroll along the banks of Dublin's Liffey River, where new office buildings and prime waterfront real estate have plummeted in value. Meanwhile, unemployment soars across the nation, especially among Ireland's young people. How did it happen, and did Ireland get a raw deal in comparison with other European Union countries also facing debt crises? This program assesses the Irish government's acumen in taking on private-sector bank debt and becoming liable for billions of euros owed to bondholders. Was it fair that Ireland agreed to do so when holders of Greek government debt have been asked to take losses? As one Irish protest organizer puts it, the deal is "extortion" [...]

Black Gold: The Story of Oil

This documentary looks at the U.S. oil industry’s development and evolution over a century. Beginning with Edwin Drake’s first well in Pennsylvania, we learn about John D. Rockefeller’s rise to prominence as a “robber baron” controlling 90% of U.S. refineries through the Standard Oil Trust; the transition from kerosene to gasoline around the turn of the century; competition from Texas oil wildcatters; anti-trust legislation dissolving Standard Oil in 1911; America’s love affair with the automobile in the 1950s that brought about oil imports; the OPEC embargo; and Gulf War, waged to protect the oil-dependent American economy.
2017; 1998