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International Relations
Africa — History
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Consequences of Conflict [electronic resource]

The consequences of armed conflict are complex and long-lasting. Using Zimbabwe, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan as points of departure, this program examines some of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of conflicts at the national and international levels. Topics include the pernicious phenomenon of child soldiers; the plight of refugees and internally displaced persons; thorny issues related to aid money and international assistance; the enduring scars of war on the landscape; the repercussions of ruined infrastructural elements such as power grids; and the unquantifiable losses-the what-could-have-beens-that inevitably occur when a nation's money is diverted from education and health care.
2010; 2009

Monsters to Destroy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the collapse of the U.S.S.R., suddenly the U.S. was the sole superpower - a militaristic global leader with no clear enemy or foreign policy goal. The section "New World Disorder" illustrates the unprecedented turbulence of the fractured post - Cold War world during the George H. W. Bush administration: the Tiananmen Square protests, the U.S. invasion of Panama, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Gulf War, ethnic cleansing in the Balkans and Rwanda, and famine in Somalia. "Indispensable Nation" analyzes President Clinton's inability to create a demilitarized Manifest Destiny based solely on trade and economic growth. And "Smarter Than History" uses pivotal events from the George W. Bush presidency - the 9/11 attacks and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq - to examine the compro [...]

Return to the Heart of Darkness [electronic resource]

The world largely ignored Rwanda's descent into genocide and civil war. With tensions continuing along the Congo-Rwanda border, will history repeat itself? This ABC News program examines new challenges in central and eastern Africa, reporting on the instability created by Hutu guerillas known as the FDLR. The program also analyzes successes and failures that have occurred as Rwanda tries to heal. Revisiting the shores of Lake Kivu, where vast numbers of refugees died during the violence of the mid-1990s, the program studies the efforts of the International Crisis Group to address vestiges of the tragedy and remove the FDLR-giving the world a second chance to pay attention.

Somali Warlords [electronic resource]: Strongmen in a Fragile Nation

Propelling their famine-wracked country into a downward spiral, power-hungry Somali leaders fought each other-until a new enemy, the United States, threatened their hold on precious food aid. This program examines the rise of the Somali warlords, primarily Mohamed Farrah Aidid, and the conflict that erupted between his followers and American military forces in 1993. Viewers will learn how mass starvation in the Horn of Africa prompted a UN and subsequent U.S. presence in Somalia, and how local, clan-based militias openly defied foreign intervention. Recounting the Battle of Mogadishu, infamous for its anti-American atrocities, the film also explores Islamist influences in Africa's "stateless society.
2009; 2008

Trade and Human Rights [electronic resource]

After years of working to end apartheid in South Africa, including 27 years in jail, Nelson Mandela and the ANC are now in power. In this episode, the new South African president discusses his plan to forge a 'government of national unity' in South Africa. Also featured is a discussion on the controversial linking of trade and human rights, including China's "Most Favored Nation" status, with Henry Kissinger, Lane Kirkland, the Dalai Lama, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights John Shattuck, and former Chinese political prisoner Wang Juntao. And finally, a look at the film "Satya: A Prayer for the Enemy" which explores the spiritual resistance of Tibetan nuns persecuted by their Chinese occupiers?

South Africa [electronic resource]

This episode is dedicated to the celebration of the anniversary of Nelson Mandela's 1994 election. James Earl Jones and Alfre Woodard narrate the American/South African coproduction of "Countdown to Freedom: Ten Days that Changed South Africa." Dr. Makaziwe Mandela, President Mandela's eldest daughter, discusses her father and her position as affirmative action/equal opportunity advisor to the University of Witswatersrand. Twelve hundred former prisoners of Robben Island join together at the Cape Town prison for a reunion and conference. Also featured is a music video of "Never Again" by the rap group Prophets of the City?