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An Environmental Health Science Revolution: New Opportunities to Prevent Disease

John Peterson Myers, Ph.D. (CEO and Chief Scientist, Environmental Health Sciences, Charlottesville, Virginia) challenged certain environmental and health assumptions as he described traditional toxicological and epidemiological thinking and studies. Dr. Myers described lessons gleaned from experiments with obese mice looking at Diethylstilbestrol and Bisphenol A. These lessons challenged some commonly held assumptions and introduced potentially new models for disease prevention and public health improvements. One such discovery revealed low level toxic exposures affecting gene expression with some changes having long latency periods. Jonathan Z. Cannon, J.D. (Professor of Law, Environmental and Land Use Law Program, School of Law, University of Virginia) briefly addressed the role o [...]
Health Sciences (Rare Shelves)

Radioactivity [electronic resource]: How Much Can the Body Take?

In a millisecond, on July 16, 1945, the evolution of the human species took a remarkable turn. Until the explosion of the world's first nuclear weapon, the human body coexisted, if uneasily, with natural sources of radioactivity from the sky, rocks, and other unavoidable sources. Now, with x-rays and nuclear medicine a part of our daily lives, the issue has become just how much radioactivity our bodies can safely absorb. This program explores the question, and whether there is really such a thing as a healthy dose.
2006; 1997

Reporting on Terrorism [electronic resource]: News Media and Public Health

How should the news media prepare for and cope with a potential bioterrorist attack? In this Fred Friendly Seminar, Professor Michael Dorf of the Columbia University School of Law and 12 panelists role-play a hypothetical scenario that begins in a city hospital where a spike in a flu-like illness causes the ER staff to confront a chilling possibility: that it is not the flu at all, but something far worse. What should the ER do with the overflow of patients? Send them home? What if they are contagious? When does bioterrorism become a possible cause? When should the health department be contacted? When will the public find out, and what will their reaction be? What is the job of the journalists covering this story? Should they report the story when the health department is uncertain o [...]
2006; 2004

Disability and Sexuality [electronic resource]: Exploring the Intimacy Option

This program challenges the preconception that being physically disabled necessarily means a lack of desire for physical intimacy. Through candid interviews with people who have substantial physical disabilities-cases involving paraplegia, quadriplegia, kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular disorders, and other conditions-the video expresses their needs as human beings, examines constraints placed upon them by their conditions as well as by the medical and residential facilities that serve them, and spotlights high-minded organizations prepared to assist them in having loving experiences. Filmed in Europe, Disability and Sexuality offers insights into issues that transcend national boundaries and find common ground in the heart.
2010; 2008

H1N1 [electronic resource]: A Resilient Enemy

What did the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 outbreak teach us about how to prepare for future pandemics? This program addresses the issue by traveling to viral hot spots around the world and interviewing high-ranking disease-prevention experts. Viewers learn about the basics of influenza microbiology, the factors that distinguish swine-origin H1N1 from a seasonal virus, its mechanisms for spreading, its possible mutations, and its potential global impact. Tools used to fight it, including proper hygiene, quarantines, vaccines, and antivirals, are also discussed. Experts include Dr. Sylvie Briand of the World Health Organization, Dr. M. L. Gougeon of the Pasteur Institute, and Dr. Jean-Paul Gonzalez of the French-administered Institute for Research Development.
2010; 2009

Why Do Viruses Kill? [electronic resource]

From SARS to the swine flu, viruses that threaten the developed world seem to be growing in ranks. Even as medical science rises to the challenge, our knowledge of viruses is filled with troubling gaps and bewildering realities. Starting on the virus front lines-the rainforests of central Africa-this program unlocks the truth about nature's greatest terror weapons. Viewers learn why HIV is such a successful virus, why monkey pox may become the next global killer, and why viruses actually benefit marine ecosystems. In addition, the film shows how modern agriculture and international travel have given viruses more chances than ever to flourish inside us.
2010; 2009

Niger [electronic resource]: In the Shadow of Noma

Noma is an acute oral infection that attacks young, malnourished children. If left untreated-which, tragically, is often the case in Africa-it devours bone tissue and permanently disfigures its victims. This unflinching program studies the impact of the pitiless disease and will help viewers assess the ability and readiness of the international community to combat the suffering. Graphic scenes of school-age noma patients are interwoven with commentary from medical experts and heartbreaking accounts from family members who have watched as sons, daughters, and grandchildren succumb to the sickness. The film also describes low-cost interventions that could keep noma from spreading, if resources are made available.
2010; 2009

Preventing Health Care-Associated Infections in Long-Term Care [electronic resource]

Also known as nosocomial infections, health care-associated infections usually develop after a patient's admission to a long-term care facility. This program describes the causes of and prevention strategies for health care-associated infections in hospitals and other medical facilities. Outlining a hypothetical chain of infection (pathogen, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and host), the video identifies the pathogens most commonly associated with nosocomial infections and promotes thorough and regular hand hygiene, disinfection procedures, and adherence to CDC prevention guidelines. In-depth sections cover best practices for catheters, respirators, suction tubes, and wound sites so as to prevent transmission of urinary tract infections, pneumonias, [...]
2010; 2004

Strategies to Promote the Health of Individuals [electronic resource]

The World Health Organization defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health. Referencing the WHO's Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, this program takes a close look at lifestyle approaches, preventive medical approaches, and public health approaches to health promotion. The importance of integrated health promotion involving educational initiatives, a variety of media approaches, the expansion of health-friendly environments, government support, and ongoing medical research is stressed.
2011; 2010

Building the Perfect Bug [electronic resource]: Virology, Rogue Science, and Bioterrorism

Why did Dutch virologist Ron Fouchier and his team of researchers purposely engineer a lethal, airborne bird flu virus? That's the first of many questions raised in this timely, eye-opening investigation. Why did Fouchier, in an uncanny parallel with American scientists who conducted similar experiments, decide to publish his findings and openly share his working methods? Can the deadly microbes he produced be contained securely, or are they vulnerable to bioterrorists? Interviewed in the film, Fouchier and a respected American virologist, Dr. Vincent Racaniello of Columbia University, defend the controversial research while Pulitzer Prize-winning science writer Laurie Garret and other experts highlight the tremendous risks it poses.

Breast Engorgement [electronic resource]

It's normal during the first week after a baby is born for a mother's breasts to become heavy, and tender, and full as the milk is coming in. And even before that as the blood flow is expanding and the lymph flow is expanding to allow the milk to come in. But sometimes that progresses to something we call engorgement. I'm Dr. Alan Greene, and I want to talk briefly about engorgement.

Zoonotic Viruses [electronic resource]

Rabies, Lyme disease, West Nile virus-all are examples of zoonosis, an infection that can be transmitted to humans from animals. In this program, several experts discuss major zoonotic diseases of concern, as well as outline safety tips for both people and pets. Dr. Wendy Walker, president of the Maryland Veterinary Medical Association; Joe Conlon, medical entomologist with the American Mosquito Control Association; and Dr. Michael Zimring, director of the Center for Wilderness and Travel Medicine at Baltimore's Mercy Medical Center, talk about risk factors, symptoms, prevention, and treatment.
2010; 2007

War of the Wards [electronic resource]: Battling the Superbugs

Around the world, hospitals have become known for something other than healing-in fact, quite the opposite. This program follows the challenges faced by various hospitals, many of them state-of-the-art facilities, that have become hosts to nearly invincible germs. Focusing on the bacteria known as MRSA, the video goes inside French, German, and Dutch hospitals battling the sinister and alarmingly resilient microbe. Viewers learn how vulnerable wounds yield to infections, pneumonia, septicemia, and, in some occurrences, death. Case studies, a history of penicillin, and discussions of hospital cleaning and sterilization procedures are included.

Bad Blood [electronic resource]: A Cautionary Tale

In the 1960s, new treatments known as clotting factor concentrates were expected to transform hemophilia into a manageable condition. But these pooled-plasma drugs also carried a hidden risk of viral contamination, and by the mid-1980s, 10,000 hemophiliacs had been infected with HIV and 15,000 with hepatitis C - amounting to the most lethal medical disaster in U.S. history. This program investigates the origins and impact of the tragedy. Using expert interviews, patient testimony, and archival materials, the film asks: Was the FDA too close to the pharmaceutical industry to protect the public? What is the flip side to the argument that profitability drives research? How has the hemophilia community moved forward? The facts speak for themselves in this story of grief, recovery, and in [...]

Influenza [electronic resource]: Jumping the Species Barrier

Outbreaks of avian influenza are killing both domestic poultry and wild birds across Asia and Europe. While the virus is lethal to about half of the humans who contract it from birds, a pandemic has yet to occur because this influenza can't effectively transmit from person to person. Scientists are preparing for that to change. Watch this science bulletin to learn how research teams are sampling migrating waterfowl as well as sequencing the deadly, long-dormant 1918 influenza virus in an effort to stay ahead of the evolving avian flu. A goal of the race is to develop an efficient, effective vaccine for millions of people worldwide.

Positive Youth [electronic resource]: The Face of HIV Is the Human Face

Filmed in the U.S. and Canada, this documentary puts a human face on the new reality of living with HIV by introducing viewers to four very open, very dynamic individuals who are either HIV-infected or "HIV-affected": Austin Head, 27, a well-known DJ, entertainer, and musician; Chris Brooks, 24, a YouTube video blogger; Jesse Brown, 25, who is grappling with the decision of when to begin taking antiretroviral medication; and Rakiya Larkin, 18, who, in helping her HIV+ mom, has had to grow up very fast. Over the course of the program, the four discuss the challenges of living and loving with HIV, while medical and psychological experts provide facts and historical context to show that although HIV is still incurable, it can, with effort, be managed. "We need to teach people that this [...]

A Healthy You Video Clip Collection [electronic resource]: Communicable Diseases and Malaria

Hitting hardest in the developing world, microbial diseases can nevertheless show up anywhere and their impact is often extremely severe. Some microbes can cause significant birth defects if an infected woman passes the virus or bacteria to her unborn child. Arming viewers with information on microscopic bio-threats, this collection of six video clips explores many of the major global culprits. Each clip averages four minutes in length. Video clips include: Chicken Pox: This illness causes skin lesions that look like a chicken's peck marks, but in reality it has nothing to do with poultry! It is one of the most common childhood diseases and is caused by the Varicella-Zoster virus. Measles: One communicable illness that continues to affect many households in the world is measles. Mo [...]

A Healthy You Video Clip Collection [electronic resource]: Heart and Gastric-Related Health

What is the human body's most important system? Answer: they're all equally important, but when we take special care of our cardiovascular and digestive health, we have a good chance at a long, relatively disease-free life. This collection of seven video clips covers many of the basic concerns and illnesses related to heart and gastric health. Each clip averages four minutes in length. Video clips include... Cholesterol: The heart is the engine of the body, and one important factor in keeping it healthy is cholesterol control. Cholesterol is a lipid or fat that is made in the liver from fatty foods. Cholesterol is carried in the blood, and we all need it to keep healthy-but on the other hand, too much cholesterol circulating in the bloodstream can be dangerous. Diabetes: Diabe [...]

A Healthy You Video Clip Collection [electronic resource]: Pregnancy and Lifestyle Health / HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis

From the joys of pregnancy to the dangers of substance abuse and the threat of infectious diseases, this collection of six video clips explores a variety of health and lifestyle issues. Topics include maternal-fetal health, facts on alcoholism, the long-term impact of cigarette smoking, a basic medical explanation of HIV and AIDS, the realities of living with those diseases, and a 21st-century look at tuberculosis. Each clip averages four minutes in length. Video clips include: Pregnancy: From conception to birth, pregnancy is a mysterious and wonderful part of human development. Expectant parents-both mothers and fathers-have an opportunity to bond with each other, as well as with their baby, when they take part in this amazing experience. Alcoholism: In many parts of the world, d [...]

Vaccines [electronic resource]: Calling the Shots

Diseases that were largely eradicated in the United States a generation ago-including whooping cough, measles, mumps-are returning, in part because nervous parents are skipping their children's shots. This NOVA special takes viewers around the world to track epidemics, explore the science behind vaccinations, and shed light on the risks of opting out. Highlighting real cases and placing them in historical context, the program traces outbreaks of communicable diseases and demonstrates just how fast they can spread-and how many people can fall sick-when a community's immunity barrier falls.