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E. Coli [electronic resource]: Case of the Mysterious Microbe

In this factual case study, revelers at a Burns Day celebration in Scotland become ill. When E. coli is suspected, health officials conduct a medical manhunt to discover its source. They and researchers move cautiously from one possible cause to the next-the food served, the water drunk, improper food handling. When none of the investigations prove conclusive, suspicions mount that the microbe was probably passed on by someone sitting at the table where people became ill. During the program, researchers working on the case trace the evolution of the deadly 0157 E. coli strain from animals to ancient humans, and make connections between E. coli and diseases including flu and tuberculosis.
2008; 1997

AIDS [electronic resource]: Biological Perspective

Why is a cure so elusive? Why has it been so difficult to find a cure or vaccine for AIDS? What makes AIDS so deadly? What is the HIV virus, and how does it devastate the immune system? This eye-opening video explores these questions, providing fascinating insights into the unique qualities of the HIV virus that make AIDS such a relentless killer.
2005; 1995

Cure From the Crypt [electronic resource]: Fighting Tuberculosis, Again

When a crypt containing 200 extraordinarily preserved bodies was discovered in 1994 in the Hungarian town of Vac, it caught the interest of a scientist fighting tuberculosis on the other side of the globe. This program presents the fascinating story of Professor Mark Spigelman, an Australian surgeon turned archaeologist who is using ancient DNA to contend with the biggest bacterial killer in the world today. In what many call the post-antibiotic era, Spigelman's unique genetic research has yielded encouraging results: all the tubercular mummies were missing a TB-resistant gene in their genome; those mummies without TB had the gene.
2006; 2000

Just Like Me [electronic resource]: Talking About AIDS

It could never happen to me. This program dispels the myths still surrounding HIV transmission through interviews with six ethnically diverse young men and women who contracted HIV while teenagers. They speak out about their relationships prior to infection, how they believed they wouldn't contract this virus, and the physical, psychological, and social effects of being HIV-positive. They also discuss the difference between birth control and disease protection, plus the crucial importance of always using condoms or abstaining from sexual intercourse. HIV is a life-or-death reality that needs greater clarification now-and this program can help.
2006; 1997

HPV [electronic resource]: Issues and Answers

According to The American Journal of Medicine, over 70% of Americans have been infected with a genital human papillomavirus, yet few are aware that they have it-or even know what HPV is. This eye-opening program delivers the facts that high school and college students-the primary victims-need to raise their awareness about an incurable sexually transmitted disease. Doctors, professors, peer educators, and others provide concise information on topics including HPV's link to genital warts and cervical cancer, the vital importance of pap smears, treatments, and research being done to eliminate HPV once and for all.
2006; 1998

AIDS in America [electronic resource]: History

From San Francisco, the epicenter of the AIDS explosion, to the Bronx, notorious for its injected drug abuse, this program examines how AIDS took hold in the U.S. during the early 1980s and the advances being made toward a cure. Noted journalist David Perlman, of the San Francisco Chronicle; pioneering epidemiologist Dr. Selma Dritz; Dr. Robert Gallo, co-discoverer of the retrovirus HIV1; Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of AIDS research in America; and others offer insights into life with AIDS, the disease's African roots, medical advances such as AZT and protease inhibitors, and the boost to AIDS awareness given by celebrities.
2006; 1998

Epidemic! [electronic resource]

Quick to spread and develop resistance to medical intervention, new strains of microbes pose a growing threat to global health. How does overuse of antibiotics actually encourage more lethal strains of diseases believed to be conquered? How can the media successfully inform the public without causing panic? And should personal rights be curtailed during epidemics? This Fred Friendly Seminar, moderated by Harvard Law School's Arthur Miller, examines the biological, ecological, and cultural factors influencing the causes, spread, and control of infectious diseases. Panelists include Nobel Laureate Joshua Lederberg; David Kessler, former chairman of the FDA; Robert Moellering, Jr., of Harvard Medical School; C. J. Peters, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and others.
2006; 1999

AIDS in Africa [electronic resource]

With millions dead of AIDS and millions more infected with HIV, Africa is in danger of becoming little more than a graveyard. In this program, ABC News anchor Ted Koppel and correspondent Dave Marash deliver three successive reports on the AIDS epidemic currently spinning out of control in Zimbabwe. Together they address the hardships of a society composed of mostly the very old and the very young; the wildfire spread of HIV in a culture that supports casual sex; and the grim future facing a nation deprived of its core adult population. Archbishop Desmond Tutu joins in the discussion of this monumental tragedy.
2008; 2000

Avoiding Infectious and Sexually Transmitted Diseases [electronic resource]

This program provides an overview of how to reduce the risks of contracting infectious diseases of all types, with an emphasis on sexually transmitted diseases. Major STDs such as HIV and other infectious diseases are profiled, outlining their risk factors and describing their symptoms. The body's natural defense mechanisms, including the immune system, the skin, mucous membranes, and enzymes, and medical interventions such as vaccines are discussed.
2006; 1998

The Fight Against Germs [electronic resource]: Effective Weapons Against Infection

Because of constant use of disinfectants, a hospital is a place where only the fittest microbes survive, a dilemma that raises the stakes of even routine surgical procedures. This program looks at how germs develop partial or total antibiotic resistance and how researchers are pursuing new lines of attack to keep pace with these highly adaptive organisms. Computer imaging and electron microscopy help illustrate how Legionella bacteria adapt to harsh environments. The program concludes by looking at promising research into symbiotic mechanisms in sea sponges that can repel antibiotic-resistant staphylococcus. A Deutsche Welle Production.
2006; 2001

Ebola [electronic resource]: Diary of a Killer

Ebola, one of the most deadly viruses known to humankind, struck a town in Zaire in January 1995, ultimately causing the agonizing death of 80 percent of its victims-many of them health-care workers. This riveting documentary traces the progress of this outbreak and reports on its aftermath. Doctors at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discuss current research, the virus's possible reemergence, and what the international medical community is doing to prepare itself. We visit a ready-response medical unit where health-care workers are being trained to deal with future outbreaks.
2006; 1996

Outbreak [electronic resource]: Stopping SARS

WHO Issues a Global Outbreak Alert "Emergency Travel Advisory" "SARS Spreads Worldwide" When SARS first hit the headlines, it was poised to become a major pandemic. This program shows how vigilant medical professionals save countless lives by tracking and identifying emerging mystery viruses-and stopping them cold with shared knowledge and cutting-edge technology deployed on a global scale. Examination techniques for patients with unknown infectious illnesses are demonstrated, as are diagnostic laboratory tests. The mechanics of coronaviruses are addressed.
2006; 2003

Radioactivity [electronic resource]: How Much Can the Body Take?

In a millisecond, on July 16, 1945, the evolution of the human species took a remarkable turn. Until the explosion of the world's first nuclear weapon, the human body coexisted, if uneasily, with natural sources of radioactivity from the sky, rocks, and other unavoidable sources. Now, with x-rays and nuclear medicine a part of our daily lives, the issue has become just how much radioactivity our bodies can safely absorb. This program explores the question, and whether there is really such a thing as a healthy dose.
2006; 1997

Breaking the Silence [electronic resource]: Lifting the Stigma of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, fear of HIV has led to a stigma against those who carry it. This case study spotlights the heroic efforts of individuals and organizations such as Dawn of Hope, the Cheshire Foundation, Mekdim, and Save Your Generation to open a life-saving dialogue about the disease that includes community education on HIV transmission and prevention as well as counseling and care for those in HIV-related need. "This issue is knocking on everybody's door," says Tsegaye, a young man who came out about his infection to open the eyes of his friends to the danger of unprotected sex. "Each of us must do our part." Contains discussions of condom use.
2005; 2003

Cataclysm [electronic resource]: Black Death Visits Tuscany

Until 1348, people in Sienna and Florence enjoyed the richest, safest, and most comfortable lives in their history. But almost overnight, their certainty of life-and even any hope of a good death-was gone. This program assesses the aftermath of the ferocious damage unleashed by the bubonic plague on the two city-states. Historians Alexander Nagel and Nicholas Terpstra, from the University of Toronto, and professional artisans-chief among them, sculptor Marcello del Colle, from Opera del Duomo-comment on how dazzling works of architecture went unfinished, artisans became more intrigued with the divine world than the natural, and how from the ashes a new spiritual inquiry would spring, paving the way for the High Renaissance.
2006; 2004

Shingles [electronic resource]: Treating the Chronic Pain

Afflicting one out of seven senior citizens, shingles, or acute herpes zoster, is caused by the same virus responsible for chicken pox. What factors are most likely to re-trigger the virus in seniors? What are the latest methods for suppressing that virus? And what are the common symptoms of PHN, the debilitating pain that often develops after the rash is gone? In this program, Dr. Bradley Geller, of the Pain Medicine and Palliative Care Program at Beth Israel Medical Center, answers these and other questions. The topical lidocaine patch, which effectively reduces PHN pain with minimal side effects, is discussed as well.
2006; 1999

Disability and Sexuality [electronic resource]: Exploring the Intimacy Option

This program challenges the preconception that being physically disabled necessarily means a lack of desire for physical intimacy. Through candid interviews with people who have substantial physical disabilities-cases involving paraplegia, quadriplegia, kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular disorders, and other conditions-the video expresses their needs as human beings, examines constraints placed upon them by their conditions as well as by the medical and residential facilities that serve them, and spotlights high-minded organizations prepared to assist them in having loving experiences. Filmed in Europe, Disability and Sexuality offers insights into issues that transcend national boundaries and find common ground in the heart.
2010; 2008

H1N1 [electronic resource]: A Resilient Enemy

What did the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 outbreak teach us about how to prepare for future pandemics? This program addresses the issue by traveling to viral hot spots around the world and interviewing high-ranking disease-prevention experts. Viewers learn about the basics of influenza microbiology, the factors that distinguish swine-origin H1N1 from a seasonal virus, its mechanisms for spreading, its possible mutations, and its potential global impact. Tools used to fight it, including proper hygiene, quarantines, vaccines, and antivirals, are also discussed. Experts include Dr. Sylvie Briand of the World Health Organization, Dr. M. L. Gougeon of the Pasteur Institute, and Dr. Jean-Paul Gonzalez of the French-administered Institute for Research Development.
2010; 2009

Why Do Viruses Kill? [electronic resource]

From SARS to the swine flu, viruses that threaten the developed world seem to be growing in ranks. Even as medical science rises to the challenge, our knowledge of viruses is filled with troubling gaps and bewildering realities. Starting on the virus front lines-the rainforests of central Africa-this program unlocks the truth about nature's greatest terror weapons. Viewers learn why HIV is such a successful virus, why monkey pox may become the next global killer, and why viruses actually benefit marine ecosystems. In addition, the film shows how modern agriculture and international travel have given viruses more chances than ever to flourish inside us.
2010; 2009

Niger [electronic resource]: In the Shadow of Noma

Noma is an acute oral infection that attacks young, malnourished children. If left untreated-which, tragically, is often the case in Africa-it devours bone tissue and permanently disfigures its victims. This unflinching program studies the impact of the pitiless disease and will help viewers assess the ability and readiness of the international community to combat the suffering. Graphic scenes of school-age noma patients are interwoven with commentary from medical experts and heartbreaking accounts from family members who have watched as sons, daughters, and grandchildren succumb to the sickness. The film also describes low-cost interventions that could keep noma from spreading, if resources are made available.
2010; 2009