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Digestive Organs — Diseases
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome [electronic resource]

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a medical mystery, even though it affects approximately ten percent of adults. Using case studies and cutting-edge medical research, this program seeks to understand chronic overreaction of the bowels-a condition that has its roots in the complex interaction between the brain and the intestinal tract. Symptoms; exacerbators, including stress, hormonal fluctuations, and a history of childhood abuse; and psychosocial factors such as the stigma of bowel-related disorders are considered.
2005; 2000

Overcoming Problems With Bladder, Bowels, and Swallowing [electronic resource]

This program addresses disability-related concerns that are matters of not only a person's health but dignity as well. The two types of long-term bladder problems-disinhibited and paralyzed bladder-are discussed, along with their management. The reasons for constipation and the different types of laxatives are explained, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the bedpan and commode. Various techniques are demonstrated for dealing with swallowing problems, and tips are provided on how to assist a person in eating.
2006; 2000

Appendicitis [electronic resource]

Appendicitis is swelling (inflammation) of the appendix. The appendix is a small pouch attached to the beginning of your large intestine. Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of emergency abdominal surgery in the United States. It usually occurs when the appendix becomes blocked by feces, a foreign object, or rarely, a tumor.

Surgical Weight Loss [electronic resource]

After repeated failed attempts at weight reduction through diet and exercise, surgery may be the most effective treatment for obese and morbidly obese individuals. By following the course of several men and women who undergo gastric reduction procedures, this program presents the complete process of surgical weight loss, from clinical assessment to post-operative follow-ups. Along with the case studies, doctors and surgeons discuss the physiological and social causes of obesity, criteria for surgery, and the two main techniques: gastric bypass and adjustable gastric band.
2009; 2008

Esophageal Cancer [electronic resource]

In the past, esophageal cancer was linked to heavy smoking and drinking, but recent research points to a new culprit: acid reflux. This program examines the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of esophageal cancer. Case studies and commentary from leading medical experts in the field elucidate the causal chain between age; obesity; gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD; and Barrett's esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer. Gastroenterologists also discuss how long-term use of over-the-counter and prescription antacids can mask important warning signs of this disease.
2009; 2007

Diarrhea [electronic resource]

Diarrhea means that you have loose, watery stools more than three times in one day. You may also have cramps, bloating, nausea and an urgent need to have a bowel movement. Causes of diarrhea include bacteria, viruses, parasites, certain medicines, food intolerances, and diseases that affect the stomach, small intestine, or colon. In many cases, no cause can be found.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease [electronic resource]

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

Gastroesophageal Reflux in Infants [electronic resource]

Almost all children and adults have a little bit of reflux, often without being aware of it. When refluxed material rapidly returns to the stomach, it does not harm the esophagus. However, in some children, the stomach contents remain in the esophagus and damage the esophageal lining. In other children, the stomach contents go up to the mouth and are swallowed again. When the refluxed material passes into the back of the mouth or enters the airways, the child may become hoarse, have a raspy voice, or a chronic cough.

Peptic Ulcer [electronic resource]

A peptic ulcer is a defect in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum. A peptic ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer. An ulcer in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer.

Stomach Ulcer [electronic resource]

A stomach ulcer is caused by an imbalance between acid and pepsin secretion and the defenses of the stomach mucosal lining. Ulcers can be treated through dietary changes and medication.

Ulcers [electronic resource]

If the protective mucus lining of the stomach wall becomes too thin, acid can attack the wall, and an ulcer may form. Bleeding is a common symptom. Rarely, an ulcer will completely erode the stomach wall. Researchers think bacteria, not stress, often cause ulcers. Antibiotics can control these bacteria.

Heartburn [electronic resource]

Heartburn has nothing to do with the heart. It's a pain in the chest and a burning sensation in the esophagus, near the heart. When you eat pizza, for example, it passes from your mouth to your esophagus and on to your stomach. The junction between your stomach and esophagus normally keeps food and stomach acid from coming back up. Certain foods can affect the junction, making it less effective. The mucous lining in your stomach protects the stomach wall from being attacked by the hydrochloric acid that breaks down food. The esophagus has no mucous lining to protect it. When food and stomach acid regurgitate into the esophagus, a burning feeling, called heartburn, results. An antacid relieves heartburn by making stomach acid less acidic.

Nausea and Vomiting in Children [electronic resource]

At some point in their young lives, most children will experience nausea and vomiting - symptoms indicative of any number of potential issues. Nausea means having the urge to vomit and sometimes, though not always, occurs before vomiting. Younger children may not be able to describe nausea but will instead complain of a stomachache or other general malaise; they may feel dizzy or break out into a sudden sweat. This video teaches parents what to do when their child is suffering from nausea and vomiting.

Diarrhea in Children [electronic resource]

This program helps parents know what to do when their child has diarrhea, which may be accompanied by abdominal pain, cramping, nausea, or vomiting. Importantly, the video advises against medication treatment unless it has been prescribed by a health care provider.

Ulcers and Gerd [electronic resource]

Frequent indigestion and heartburn may indicate a precancerous digestive illness called GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease. This program describes the symptoms, effects, and medical treatment of GERD, while also exploring another digestion-related condition, the peptic ulcer. Explaining the link between ulcers and the H. pylori stomach bacterium, the video clearly describes the best medical strategies for coping with ulcers and GERD; it also reinforces the need to seek medical attention when symptoms appear regularly. Case studies and anecdotal commentary from patients provide additional medical insight.
2005; 2003

Nocturnal GERD [electronic resource]

The chronic, potentially dangerous condition known as acid reflux-also called GERD, or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-is hard to miss or ignore. One variety, however, often goes undetected. This program examines nocturnal GERD, which produces no daytime symptoms and may be tied to other sleep disorders. Outlining the factors that contribute to nocturnal GERD, including a high-fat diet and obesity, the program describes its warning signs, shows how physicians diagnose it, and presents a helpful case study. Expertise comes from Dr. Adam Elfant of Cooper University Hospital, Dr. Joseph Pisegna of the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, and Dr. Lee Hixson of Mountain West Gastroenterology.
2009; 2007

Shedding the Past [electronic resource]: Gastric Bypass Surgery and Its Complications

After a troubled childhood, years of yo-yo dieting, and adult obesity that topped 240 pounds, Marie-France Magnin opted for risky gastric bypass surgery. This program reveals the extent of the risk, describing frightening complications associated with the procedure. Interviews with Magnin and her family members highlight the operation's physical and psychological benefits and how easily they overshadow its dangers. 3-D animation outlines the anatomical goals of the procedure as well as its nutritional consequences: a vitamin B deficiency that must be constantly managed with supplements and injections. Having studied the Magnin case, a prominent neurologist explains how the vitamin deficiency led to paralysis.
2009; 2007

Pediatric GERD [electronic resource]

In infants less than 12 months of age, the occasional upset stomach is common and is usually no cause for alarm. But when babies and school-aged children have ongoing symptoms of persistent regurgitation, frequent overnight coughing, and abdominal pain, they may be experiencing gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. In this program, viewers will discover that pediatric GERD often presents differently than adult GERD, and can go unrecognized by parents and pediatricians. While some children may not outgrow their problems with GERD, most are able to decrease these reflux problems with lifestyle modifications, diet alterations, and medical treatment.

The Stomach and Intestines: Series 2 [electronic resource]

In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts uses dissection, drawing, and some unusual tests to reveal where the stomach and intestines are, how big they are, and how best to look after them. Dr. Roberts is joined by Lesley Love, a 40-year-old estate agent whose diet is based almost entirely on chocolate and cheese. The doctor embarks on a mission to impress upon her the need for more fruit and vegetables. She reveals that it is normal to defecate as seldom as once every three days or as often as three times a day. It is important to be aware of one's bowel habits and take notice of any changes, as these can be signs of bowel cancer.

Colon Cancer [electronic resource]: Power of Prevention

One of the most deadly forms of cancer is also one of the most preventable. In this program, doctors from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and elsewhere focus on three case studies of senior citizens with colon cancer to explore the etiology and pathology of colon cancer, risk factors, and screening options. Prevention through colonoscopic examinations is emphasized, and treatments such as surgery with adjuvant therapy and combination chemotherapy involving 5-FU, Camptosar, and oxaliplatin are described. Some content may be objectionable.
2006; 2003