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Developmental Psychology
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28 Up Part 3 [electronic resource]: U.K.

After three previous installments, each one covering a particular stage of human growth and development, the Up series turned age 28 into an epochal study - one that required three separate parts in order to tell its ongoing stories. This film, the third portion of 28 Up, focuses on several participants as they reflect on their current situations in life. Career obstacles, financial challenges, and the complexities of personal relationships - those that thrive as well as those that have been neglected or broken apart - become, in each unflinching scene, the stuff of riveting documentary cinema. As with all Up episodes produced after the first one, the program includes plenty of footage taken from earlier years so that viewers can easily compare the different stages.
1984; 2013

35 Up [electronic resource]: U.K.

In this program, the longitudinal Up series offers an in-depth look at its participants at age 35. John appears with his wife alongside him, while touting a new promotional goal of bringing aid to Bulgaria, his mother's birthplace. Ostensibly a worthwhile and charitable cause, his project nevertheless raised questions about the purpose of his involvement in the film. Tony's segment, also filmed with his wife, features more down-to-earth topics; the former boisterous youngster is now in the early phase of middle age and speaks with astounding frankness about his infidelities and family life. Of the three working-class women, only Lynn is still married, while Sue and Jackie have both divorced and Jackie, now a bartender, has a son from an unmarried relationship. Andrew has two sons, Ne [...]
1991; 2013

42 Up [electronic resource]: U.K.

Now firmly in midlife territory, the Up series depicts the daily and long-term challenges its participants face at age 42. Do they even remotely resemble the youngsters of 7 Up, or are those wide-eyed children unrecognizable now? Did the Jesuit maxim on which the series was founded - Give me the child until he is seven and I will show you the man - prove baseless, too speculative, or does it have some merit? Viewers can judge for themselves as Symon talks about his mother's passing and how he regrets his lack of career Tony's family leaves the East End for middle-class suburban environs...and as Jackie reflects on having more children out of wedlock and being dependent on her former mother-in-law. Nick has found success in America, although probably not to the extent th [...]

Infancy and Early Childhood [electronic resource]

The impending birth of a new baby causes a Pennsylvania farm family to review the developmental stages of life and death in their three generations. The commentary of scholars places their experience in sociological and psychological perspective as the development of the new baby exemplifies the developmental "clocks" of infancy and early childhood. Other case studies examine the influence of the child's personality on the family.

Childhood and Adolescence [electronic resource]

Examines the formative years before and during adolescence and the stressful task of molding an identity when biological and social clocks are out-of-synch.

Early Adulthood [electronic resource]

Young adults from a variety of economic and social backgrounds discuss the social and psychological pressures to separate from family, begin to set goals, and face the realities of life.

Middle Adulthood [electronic resource]

Adults from a variety of social and economic backgrounds discuss their experience of middle age. They attest to disappointments in life and some, to midlife crisis, but all to a continuing desire to make life the best it can be. At this period of life, creating a legacy for the next generation also becomes a predominant interest.

Late Adulthood [electronic resource]

A variety of case studies look at the last stage of development when people consider whether the story of their life has been a good one. The significance of grand parents and their grand children is explored. The program also examines the current trend for people to work well beyond the usual "retirement" age or to live dreams that were impossible to achieve when they were younger.

Mystery of Genius [electronic resource]: Masters and Madmen

There is a thin line between genius and madness, it is said. This documentary examines the elevated and uncommon minds of such geniuses as inventor and designer Buckminster Fuller, physicist Robert Goddard, writer Virginia Woolf, composer Ludwig van Beethoven, and scientist Isaac Newton, among others. Many thrive despite extreme conditions and problems; others crumble under the pressure of their success. Mystery of Genius takes us to the labs of MIT and interviews magicians Penn & Teller.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Steven Pinker, Chalking It Up to the Blank Slate

Linguist Steven Pinker questions the very nature of our thoughts - how we learn, use words, and relate to others - and his best-selling books have brought sophisticated language analysis to bear on topics of wide general interest. In this TEDTalk, Pinker discusses his 2002 volume The Blank Slate and why its thesis - that all humans are born with certain innate traits - is as disturbing to some people as it is fascinating to others.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Alison Gopnik, What Do Babies Think?

Psychologists once believed that babies were egocentric and irrational, unable to grasp the perspective of another person or understand cause and effect. Alison Gopnik completely overturns this view in this TEDTalk, revealing the sophisticated intelligence-gathering and decision-making that babies are really engaging in when they play. Gopnik, a University of California professor of psychology, shares how babies and young children learn, and why they are so good at it.

The Boy Who Draws Buildings [electronic resource]

This documentary tells how the popular science show QED transformed the life of one young autistic boy. The astonishing talents of Stephen Wiltshire, one of three idiots savants featured in The Foolish Wise Ones, brought him fame and fortune. Since the age of six, Stephen could draw buildings in perspective. By the age of 12, he was acclaimed as probably the best child artist in Britain. Stephen's brilliant drawings have been published around the world, and he has become far more outgoing in his interpersonal relationships. The program follows him to Venice and Leningrad in an attempt to discover why he has changed so dramatically.

The Foolish Wise Ones [electronic resource]

This classic program focuses on the savant syndrome, telling the story of three severely mentally handicapped people. Each possesses an extraordinary talent - for playing music, creating art, or remembering dates. Noel Patterson is autistic and requires constant care, yet he is an exceptional pianist and can reproduce almost any music effortlessly. David Kidd has an IQ of only 68, but he is an expert in the recondite mathematics of calculating the calendar. Although Stephen Wiltshire is mentally challenged, he draws remarkable pen-and-ink likenesses of buildings from memory. The savant syndrome was first identified by a 19th-century French psychologist, who referred to these remarkable individuals as the "foolish wise ones.

Taming the Problem Child [electronic resource]

Dr. Ron Federici, an American psychologist, has devised a controversial treatment plan to help improve the unacceptable behavior of aggressive, conduct-disordered children. The treatment is tough on both the children and their parents: isolated from the outside world, the children must stay three feet away from their parents at all times and are restrained if they disobey. This Horizon program follows the progress of two children, Haley and Sergei, as they undertake the course of treatment. The question is, Does this treatment in any way harm children, or is it as effective and helpful as Dr. Federici believes it will be?

The Autism Puzzle [electronic resource]

Forty years ago autism was an obscure disorder that was thought to affect only two to four children in every 10,000, but now some British teachers are claiming to see it in one out of every 86 children. What has happened? Is there an epidemic of autism? If so, what's causing it? Or is it that awareness has grown and the definition of autism has changed over the years since 1943 when the term was first coined? This documentary looks at the history of the condition and considers current research into causes, treatment, and prevalence. It also includes interviews with some of the world's leading experts on autism and follows experimental research into autistic thinking, using state-of-the-art MRI scanners.

Baby Love [electronic resource]

The way a baby relates to its mother and father from the moment of birth will determine the nature of the relationships the child has for the rest of his or her life. Yet, because of the belief that motherhood will come naturally, very few pregnant women are shown how to relate to their babies. Sadly, they can't always relate properly to the child, who then becomes "insecurely attached." As a result, the child may have behavioral, developmental, and emotional problems. This program follows parents with insecure babies and children as they learn how to show them love and give them the sort of attention that will help them thrive.

The Intelligence Man [electronic resource]

This drama-documentary profiles Sir Cyril Burt (1883-1971), the most eminent psychologist of his age, whose name is forever linked with the IQ test. A pioneer in the development of educational psychology in England, he devoted much of his life to demonstrating that intelligence is primarily an inherited characteristic. Despite his belief that intelligence is inherited, he acknowledged that it could be affected by environment as well. He is noted for having established the "Eleven Plus" program to identify students of higher intelligence at the age of 11. A version of this program is still in use to assure that the brightest students receive the best educations.

Prisoners of Incest [electronic resource]

This heart-wrenching documentary is actually a dramatized reconstruction of a therapy session that took place at London's famous Great Ormond Street Hospital for children. In this re-creation, actors are among those who perform in an encounter session of the type pioneered at the hospital. A family of five is reacquainted with the father after a lapse of two and a half years to enter into a discussion of the incest that occurred between the man and his daughter. The team of psychologists who introduced this pioneering type of treatment play themselves.

Night-Night [electronic resource]: The Trouble With Sleep

This episode focuses on children's sleep problems. Thirteen-year-old Katy Yates has been sleepwalking all her life. She has walked into the front garden, wandered around the house, and stolen her sister's pillows from under her head. Eleven-year-old Daniel Morgan starts banging his head as soon as he goes to sleep. Do sleep specialists have any suggestions? Every night six-year-old Holly Lentle wakes up screaming with night terrors. Unlike nightmares, her night terrors are not remembered the next morning. Four-year-old Eden Hensher takes an hour to get to sleep and then an hour later climbs into her parents' bed. The Hensher family visits a child psychologist and tries a new sleep routine-with surprising results.

Bullying [electronic resource]: Grades 6-8

Whether it's physical or verbal, bullying can be both physically and emotionally harmful, as well as life-threatening if not dealt with in a timely manner. Most people have been victims of bullying or know others who have been. This engaging two-part video set introduces the topic of bullying and offers bullying-prevention strategies using age-appropriate language and grade-specific concepts for middle school students. In the first program, students share heartbreaking stories of real-life encounters with bullies. Also included is a video for adults that describes what bullying is and how bullying prevention works.