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Developmental Psychology
Child Development
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The Up Series

In 1964 Michael Apted interviewed a group of seven year old children from diverse backgrounds from all over England, asking them about their lives and their dreams for the future. Every seven years, Apted has been back to talk to the same subjects.
Clemons (Stacks)

Vygotsky's Developmental Theory: An Introduction

Presents Lev Vygotsky's early childhood learning theories and demonstrates them in classrooms. Development, according to Vygotsky, cannot be separated from its social context: it is misleading to evaluate children only on what they accomplish independently.
Ivy (By Request)

Piaget's Developmental Theory [electronic resource]: An Overview

The work of Jean Piaget has become the foundation of developmental psychology and the basis for changes in educational practice. In this program, David Elkind - author of The Hurried Child and Miseducation and a student of Piaget - explores the roots of Piaget's work and outlines important vocabulary and concepts that structure much of the study of child development. Using both archival film of Dr. Piaget and newer sequences of Dr. Elkind conducting interviews with children of varied ages, the video can serve equally as an introduction or a review of Piaget's developmental theory, its scope, and its content.

Growing Minds [electronic resource]: Cognitive Development in Early Childhood

Nothing in human experience is quite so astonishing as the enormous changes that occur during the five short years that transform a newborn into an actively curious, exploring kindergartner. Filmed in 1996, this program examines the work of Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget, illuminating the similarities of and differences between their contributions to a greater understanding of the cognitive development of young children. Narrator David Elkind uses their research and his own work to look at three aspects of intellectual growth: reasoning, visual perception, and language use. Children are seen both in interview situations and busily participating in an accredited child care center to illustrate Dr. Elkind's points about their ever-changing intellectual abilities.

Life at 5 [electronic resource]: Great Expectations

A good start to school depends on three fundamental gifts: the ability to communicate effectively, a talent for fitting in well with others, and an ambition to learn. This program tracks the challenges, setbacks, and successes in the lives of a half-dozen five-year-olds as they prepare for the world of organized education. When it comes to school readiness, why is Ben, the smallest of quintuplets, lagging behind? Can science explain why Decklan is such an engaging chatterbox? Will school be too much for unpredictable Jara'na? And how will a range of factors - such as the role of higher education in Haleema's family, Sofia's apprehension about seeing her father in the hospital, or Anastasija's attitude towards authority - impact the learning potential with which these children are blessed?

Life at 5 [electronic resource]: Resilience

The story of a child's development is written most poignantly in his or her ability to bounce back after pain and trauma. From outward, observable behavior to the mysterious inner world of epigenetics, this program examines the coping mechanisms of five-year-olds in highly varied contexts and surroundings. Aside from catastrophe or a loved one's death, parental separation is the most traumatic experience for any child, and, unfortunately, that topic applies to several youngsters here, including Daniel, LouLou, and Wyatt. But Shine has a different tale to tell-about her parents' astonishing rebound from the economic abyss. Is their resilience mirrored in her own development? And does Joshua's burgeoning physical prowess signal the most effective way to overcome stress?

A TV in the Baby Bottle [electronic resource]

Whether it's to give parents a break from caretaking, to provide kids with an educational head start, or a guilt-free mixture of both, TV shows that purport to be good for a baby's brain attract more new viewers every year. But can children really learn from targeted edutainment the way they can from live human beings, or even by playing with objects like simple wooden blocks? In this program psychologists from Seattle Pacific University's Baby Lab and BabyFirstTV representatives discuss what's really going on when an infant appears mesmerized by a kiddie show, and whether it's possible that the programs are doing more harm than good.

After the Outrage [electronic resource]: Violence, Trauma, and Recovery

Violence, regardless of scale or setting, leaves a trail of emotional and psychological damage. And virtually everyone caught in its wake experiences the same inescapable pattern of suffering. But how powerful is the stranglehold of post-traumatic stress disorder? Is there a set of guiding principles emerging from studies of PTSD, a common pathway that trauma patients can follow to rediscover peace of mind? Presenting stories from Palestine, France, and Quebec, this program follows therapists working to treat diverse yet often comparable trauma cases-from children abused by family members to a survivor of the Rwandan genocide. The result: a global perspective on the effort to decode and transcend the effects of horrific violence. Strategies drawn from art and music therapy as well as [...]

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Joachim de Posada - Don't Eat the Marshmallow Yet

In this short TEDTalk from TED U, Joachim de Posada discusses a landmark experiment on delayed gratification. Can a child's future success be predicted by whether or not that child can exercise self-control? The presentation includes priceless footage of kids trying their hardest not to eat the proffered marshmallows. Speaker and leadership coach de Posada is also the author of How to Survive Among the Piranhas and Don't Eat the Marshmallow...Yet.

Breaking the Wall of Infant Development [electronic resource]: What Modern Art and Modern Books Can Do for Children and for Autism Research

What is it that makes us human beings - nature or nurture? Understanding the development of the human mind is crucial to providing infants and children with optimal educational and social conditions. In this 2009 Falling Walls video lecture, developmental psychologist Tricia Striano discusses how social cognitive skills are built and what we can do to help infants and children to communicate and learn. After receiving her Ph.D. from Emory University, Striano became head of the Independent Research Group on Cultural Ontogeny at the Max Planck Society. In 2004, she was recipient of the Sofja Kovalevskaja Research Prize of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation where she built up the Neurocognition and Development Group at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences. [...]

Breaking the Wall of Nature and Nurture [electronic resource]: How Genes and Environment Combine to Affect Our Life Course

What determines human behavior? In this video of his 2010 Falling Walls Conference lecture, Dalton Conley would say nature and nurture both play a role. This "academic superstar" (The Guardian) and the first sociologist recipient of the National Science Foundation's Alan T. Waterman Award is breaking down the traditional divide between these two concepts. Conley offers a unique and groundbreaking understanding of social and genetic contexts as determinants of human behavior and reactions. Having developed the "fascinating" (Time) concept of intravidualism, he provides a critical insight into how our genes and those of our family and peers interact with our social experiences. Demonstrating how genes and environment combine to affect our life course, Conley's research presents a model [...]

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Patricia Kuhl - the Linguistic Genius of Babies

At TEDxRainier, Patricia Kuhl shares astonishing findings about how babies learn one language over another: by listening to the humans around them and "taking statistics" on the sounds they need to know. Clever lab experiments (and brain scans) show how 6-month-old babies use sophisticated reasoning to understand their world.

Eye Openers Are Mind Openers [electronic resource]: Attention Exercises for the Classroom

Stress and distractions are major obstacles to learning at any class level. For the elementary classroom, specialized exercises called Eye Openers have been shown to dramatically improve focus and awareness among students. This program follows Dr. Martha Eddy-a widely respected educational consultant, founder of the Center for Kinesthetic Education, and the creator of Eye Openers-as she puts her movement and body coordination strategies into action. Working with a lively group of children in a real-world classroom setting, Dr. Eddy introduces simple yet effective exercises that cover relaxation, eye-hand coordination, eye-body coordination, attention warm-up, posture, peripheral vision, filtering out distractions, shifting focus between near and far, and more. The video contains sect [...]

Classic Piaget: Volume 2 [electronic resource]

This program is composed of three segments: "Formal Reasoning Patterns" (1978), in which Robert Karplus and Rita Peterson conduct interviews as a part of tasks developed to probe the thinking styles of secondary students; "Memory and Intelligence" (1971), in which Jean Piaget presents his work on memory and intelligence at a conference in Kyoto; and "Morality: The Process of Moral Development" (1978), which identifies the progress of moral thinking that begins in preschool years, and illustrates Lawrence Kohlberg's stages through an interview conducted by Susan De Merresmen-Warren and Elliot Turiel.

Classic Piaget: Volume 1 [electronic resource]

This program is composed of three segments: "Classification" (1968), in which Robert Karplus and Celia Stendler Lavatelli use Piagetian classification tasks to demonstrate how children's ability to use categories develops during middle childhood; "Conservation" (1968), in which Drs. Karplus and Lavatelli observe and discuss children's different approaches to the performance of tasks dealing with quantity, length, area, and volume; and "Growth of Intelligence in the Preschool Years" (1974), in which Dr. Lavatelli narrates the activities of children as they perform tasks that reveal how intellectual thought develops and manifests itself in early childhood.

14 Up in America [electronic resource]

The second installment of the U.S. version of the classic British documentary series, this film updates viewers on the children featured in Age 7 in America. It follows the young subjects seven years later as they come to terms with adolescence, facing new challenges relating to school, violence, financial status, and family and divorce. In Chicago, LeRoy and Kennisha still fear violence and gangs, although Kennisha's family has moved out of the housing project and is enjoying a precariously improved quality of life. In New York, Lucy, Alexis, and Kate still benefit from a privileged lifestyle but it is marked by its own brand of stress and tension. In Los Angeles, Julio is growing up fast - his scenes reveal a young man bent on self-determination and an awareness of the need to "str [...]

Racing Thoughts [electronic resource]: Children and Mental Illness

This documentary profiles four young people who are living with mental illness - and also shows their loved ones who make the courageous decision to tell their own stories. Their voices are complemented by director Louiselle Noel, who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder as an adult and powerfully evokes the initial symptoms that emerged in her childhood. The film skirts the specialists' debates in favor of a more personal tone, moving away from the alarming vocabulary of diagnoses and allowing viewers to discover the children affected.

14 Up [electronic resource]: South Africa

Spotlighting the age of 14, this program continues the South African version of the famed British documentary series Up, in which participants are featured every seven years speaking about the society around them. From Capetown to Durban to Soweto, viewers reenter the lives of each youthful subject to learn about his or her goals, dreams, fears, and frustrations. Dramatic political changes have taken place in South Africa since the last episode was filmed, and it is clear that many of these young people are undergoing a transformation as well. Some are rethinking what they believe is possible or impossible in the future. Others are coming to terms with the darkness of the nation's past and their own previous attitudes, as when Willem looks back on his racist comments of seven years a [...]

7 Up [electronic resource]: South Africa

As you know, says Bonita, "whites are people too." The 7-year-old daughter of a Zulu chief in rural Natal, she beguiles the camera with quiet authority: "You see, there is only one difference between us. They speak English and we speak Zulu." Bonita is one of 19 children featured in this South African version of the famed British documentary 7 Up, in which young participants speak from their hearts about the society around them. Luyanda and Andiswa live in a hostel for migrant workers near Capetown. Lunga attends a "mixed" school in Durban and lionizes Nelson Mandela. With only a squatter camp in Soweto to call home, Thembasile and her grandmother subsist without electricity or running water. And what of the white children in the group? Their attitudes are often a far cry from Bonita [...]

Born in the U.S.S.R. [electronic resource]: 7 Up

Shot two years prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union, this program emulates the 7 Up documentary model in which a group of children reveal their thoughts and feelings on camera. The Russian participants introduced here include Anton, a Moscow boy who precociously foreshadows a coup in his nation's political future; twins Stas and Dennis who live in an industrial suburb of Leningrad, now St Petersburg; Asya, also a Leningrad citizen, who shares a small apartment with her mother and grandparents; Tanya, who laments the lack of retail choices in her country and whose mouth waters, almost literally, over a Western mail-order catalog; Almaz, who lives in a factory workers' hostel in the capital of Kyrgyzstan; Rita, who dwells on the shore of the largest freshwater lake in the world; a [...]