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Cognitive Psychology
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Cognitive Processes [electronic resource]

Explores the higher mental processes, including reasoning, planning and problem solving. Also considers why the cognitive revolution is attracting such diverse investigators from philosophers to computer scientists. Includes commentary by Dr. Howard Gardner of Harvard University and Dr. Michael Posner of the University of Oregon.

The Mind Hidden and Divided [electronic resource]

Examines how events and experiences of the subconscious affect moods, actions, and health. Includes case studies of multiple personality and split-brain patients and demonstrations of hypnosis. Includes commentary by Dr. Jonathan Schooler of the University of Pittsburgh and Dr. Michael Gazzaniga of Dartmouth College.

Mind Talk [electronic resource]: Brain's New Story

What is the difference between the mind and the brain? Are they separable? Are they even quantifiable? And where does the soul fit in? In this thought-provoking program, experts including Oxford mathematician Sir Roger Penrose, cognitive scientist Dr. Daniel Dennett, and cyber-age techno-visionary Jaron Lanier contemplate the social and moral impact of brain research and questions such as how matter developed consciousness, whether computers can model human abilities, how free "free will" really is, and where legal responsibility for actions begins and ends. This intriguing program is a vital resource in the ongoing challenge to understand that which makes human beings truly human. A Bob Drake/Wendy Conquest Production.
2006; 1998

Chimp Talk [electronic resource]

In this program, Paul Hoffman, editor of Discover magazine, explores the controversial issue of language use by apes with primatologist Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh and Dr. Laura Ann Petitto. The results of Savage-Rumbaugh's 20-year study with chimpanzees reveal that they can use language with the astounding accuracy of a two-year-old human, which includes a rudimentary syntactical ability. However, Petitto's research indicates that humans have a cognitive predisposition for language lacking in chimps, which leads to the conclusion that although apes communicate by associating symbols with objects and actions, they do not have language abilities in the way that humans do. If the scientific community should eventually accept language use by apes, will the last scientific distinction betwee [...]
2006; 1996

Anything You Can Do, I Can Do Better [electronic resource]: Why the Sexes Excel Differently

Statistically speaking, why have men and women not proved equally adept at the same things? In this program, researchers debate whether differences in brain architecture lead to a division of talents and aptitudes between the sexes-and draw some startling conclusions. To illustrate these differences, children are observed in classrooms, on the playground, and at home.
2005; 1991

Intelligence, Creativity, and Thinking Styles [electronic resource]

How do multiple intelligences and different thinking styles relate to traditional IQ scores? What role should teacher creativity and the family play in shaping student intelligence? In this interview by Phillip Harris, of Phi Delta Kappa, Robert Sternberg-IBM Professor of Psychology and Education at Yale University-answers questions about the IQ-based "single trait notion of intelligence"; the application and implementation of his triarchic theory of intelligence; and the implications of school reform on the future of public education.
2005; 1997

Emerging Communication Skills [electronic resource]

This program explores the development of language during the first six years of life. While language development begins at birth with the sound of the human voice, caregivers need to provide the building blocks so that children can learn language skills during these first six years.
2005; 1992

Broken English [electronic resource]: Effects of Brain Damage on Language

In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller investigates both the predictable and the unexpected effects of damage to Broca's and Wernicke's areas on patients' abilities to communicate verbally and through sign language. In his efforts to expose the physiological roots of language expression, Dr. Miller traces the evolution of brain research, from the scientific blind alley of phrenology to the promising field of neurolinguistics. The essentially arbitrary yet formalized nature of words, the Chomskyan distinction between competence and performance, and John Hughlings Jackson's novel theory on aphasia are also considered.
2006; 1990

In a Manner of Speaking [electronic resource]: Phenomenon of Conversation

Social context, intonation, and body language add a vital layer of meaning to the spoken or signed word-a layer that can manifest only in conversation. In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller addresses the subject of group talk, offering his observations on topics including the concept of "speech acts" a la Austin, Wittgenstein, and Searle; the implicit mechanics of verbal give-and-take; and the belief that social context, far from being a mere adjunct to linguistic communication, is actually the root cause of it. The implications of the apparent connection between right hemisphere brain damage and an impaired sense of linguistic nuance are examined as well.
2006; 1990

Talking [electronic resource]

For the newborn, the notion of coexistence-that there are others in their world with whom they can communicate-begins with crying. In this program, researchers and other experts join with parents to discuss the steps children go through in mastering their mother tongue. Topics include the process of cognition, a baby's ability to make use of body language and semiotic gestures, babbling as a precursor to language acquisition, timeframes for learning to speak, and growing up in a multilingual home.
2006; 1999

The Learning Process [electronic resource]

Eager for knowledge, a child is by nature curious about everything. Why, then, is school such an unpleasant place for some children? In this program, teachers, researchers, a psychoanalyst, a neurologist, a neurobiologist, a psychomotor specialist, and others examine the process of learning and the classroom as a learning center. Mastery of reading and writing-the key to unlocking all forms of communication and the entry point to many other exciting domains-is emphasized. In addition, the concept of multiple intelligences is explored.
2006; 2003

Why Do We Talk? The Science of Speech [electronic resource]

The average person will speak approximately 370 million words in his or her lifetime-a simple fact. And yet the underlying structures-sociological, anatomical, developmental, intellectual-have proved to be some of science's most impenetrable mysteries. This program spotlights researchers who are unlocking the deepest secrets of speech: Deb Roy and the Human Speechome Project; Tecumseh Fitch and his study of vocal tract positioning in animals; Cathy Price, who is piecing together a speech-related map of the brain; William Fifer and his study of the roots of language reception in babies; Ofer Tchernichovski, who is conducting The Forbidden Experiment with zebra finches; Faraneh Vargha-Khadem and the isolation of speech gene FOXP2; and Simon Kirby, whose Alien Language Experiment illust [...]
2010; 2009

What Makes a Genius? [electronic resource]

Can modern genetics, psychology, and neuroscience actually identify the qualities that make up human creativity and brilliance? This program follows innovative research which may help determine what makes a person a genius-if such a label even makes sense. Dr. Manuel Casanova of the University of Louisville has detected differences in brain structure that may account for extreme intelligence. Dr. Justin Halberda of Johns Hopkins University administers a color-coded computer test that measures latent mathematical ability in children. And Dr. Elly Nedivi of MIT has, through studying Pavlovian responses in mice, found a gene associated with learning. Artists and savants are also featured.

Kids and Language [electronic resource]

Neuro-imaging has greatly improved our understanding of speech development. This video shows how the early detection and treatment of speech problems could potentially help a generation of children.
2005; 2000

Standardized Tests [electronic resource]: Assessing the Price of Failure

When leaving no child behind amounts to holding many children back, parents and politicians raise their eyebrows. This ABC News program seeks to understand the ramifications of high-stakes advancement and exit exams-tests that are being used to measure schools' effectiveness, to allocate funding, and to shape the future of the nation's children. The dilemma of how to cope with students displaced and emotionally stigmatized by failing these tests is discussed. The importance of keeping students in school until they master essential skills is also considered, as is perhaps the most troubling question of all: what about kids who simply do not test well?
2011; 2003

Whole Language Movement [electronic resource]: From Teacher to Teacher

This program provides teachers, administrators, parents, and university students with a clear and informative introduction to Whole Language-an innovative teaching movement that is generating much enthusiasm in the educational community. The program goes into the classroom to see Whole Language in action and speaks to teachers who employ Whole Language methods, and to students who are benefiting from them, to find out what this approach to teaching and learning offers that others do not. Viewers learn how Whole Language serves the needs of educators and administrators, as well as students, and gain an appreciation of both the philosophy and the techniques of this rapidly spreading approach to teaching.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Elizabeth Gilbert - a Different Way to Think About Creative Genius

Elizabeth Gilbert faced a pre-midlife crisis by doing what we all secretly dream of - running off for a year. Her travels through Italy, India, and Indonesia resulted in the best-selling and deeply beloved memoir Eat, Pray, Love about her process of finding herself by leaving home. Gilbert is a longtime magazine writer - covering music and politics for Spin and GQ - as well as a novelist and short-story writer. In this funny, personal, and surprisingly moving TEDTalk, Gilbert muses on the impossible things we expect from artists and geniuses and shares the radical idea that instead of the rare person being a genius, all of us have a genius.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - Creativity, Fulfillment, and Flow

When we are involved in [creativity], we feel that we are living more fully than during the rest of life." Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi has contributed pioneering work to our understanding of happiness, creativity, human fulfillment and the notion of "flow" - a state of heightened focus and immersion in activities such as art, play, and work. A leading researcher in positive psychology, Csikszentmihalyi has based his study on human strengths such as optimism, motivation, and responsibility. Called "a man obsessed by happiness" by Richard Flaste of The New York Times, Csikszentmihalyi notes that money cannot buy happiness and looks to those who find pleasure and lasting satisfaction in activities that bring about a state of "flow" in this fascinating TEDTalk.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Rory Sutherland - Life Lessons From an Ad Man

Advertising adds value to a product by altering the way the public thinks about that product, not by changing the product itself. In this TEDTalk, advertising guru Rory Sutherland makes the daring assertion that how we perceive an object's worth can be just as satisfying as its actual, material worth - think of the popularity of tattered, faded jeans - and his conclusions have interesting consequences for how we look at life. As vice chairman of Ogilvy Group, Sutherland has played an integral role in cutting-edge, interactive campaigns that blur the line between ad and entertainment.

TEDTalks [electronic resource]: Eric Berlow - How Complexity Leads to Simplicity

Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution. Illustrating the tips and tricks for breaking down big issues, he distills an overwhelming infographic on U.S. strategy in Afghanistan to a few elementary points.