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61.

The Hungarian Reformed Church [electronic resource]

Shot in Budapest, Debrecen, and the beautiful Great Plain, this program explores the link between Calvinism, with its belief in predestination, and Hungarian nationhood. Speaking with ordinary believers and such public figures as the Prime Minister and Bishop Laszlo Tokes, the program offers an insight into the spiritual side of Hungary.
Online
1993
62.

The Swedish Lutheran Church [electronic resource]

Sweden was one of the last European countries to adopt Christianity, and now appears likely to be the first to abandon it. This program gives a concise account of Lutheranism, and examines how-or even whether-organized religion can survive in an affluent, liberal, thoroughly materialistic society.
Online
1992
63.

Crusader [electronic resource]: By Horse to Jerusalem

The march to Jerusalem was the greatest land journey of the Middle Ages. Recreating the 2,500-mile trip from the green lands of northern Europe to the burning deserts of Sinai, this program leaves from the castle of Duke Godfrey de Bouillon, hero of the First Crusade, plodding along on a one-ton descendant of the medieval battle charger across the lands of medieval Christendom, climbing the Anatolian plateau, seeing the Crusader castles and ancient battlefields in Syria, finally crossing the Jordan River and reaching the jewel in the Crusader's crown, Jerusalem.
Online
1993
64.

The Kingdom Divided [electronic resource]

This program tells the story of two different visions of Christianity and how each is finding a pulpit and battleground in Central America. In Nicaragua, the Sandanistas' view of Christianity says that the poor must not wait for justice, that the Kingdom of God can be achieved in this world. In Honduras, the poor are attracted to evangelical churches that promise a reward in heaven for the sufferings of this world, a view which poses no challenge to the status quo. "The religious world has turned upside down in Central America," says host Bill Moyers. "After four centuries, the Catholic Church, with its liberation theology, is identifying itself openly with the aspirations of the poor. Its place as defender of authority and stability in society is being taken by evangelicals. And bac [...]
Online
1994
65.

The Devil We Know [electronic resource]: An Objective Look at the Prince of Darkness

Where does the familiar image of Satan come from? Does it predate the writing of the Bible? Or did the Devil's persona develop after the New Testament and organized Christianity appeared? This absorbing documentary sheds new light on the Prince of Darkness by examining his manifestations in various religious traditions, in literature and the arts, and in our collective psychology. Experts in theology, history, and culture share their knowledge of Satan's evolution through the centuries, discussing ancient Hebrew scriptures and apocryphal narratives, the influence of pagan imagery (such as horns and a pitchfork) on medieval concepts of the Devil, and the development of the Catholic rites of exorcism. Other topics include cinematic portrayals of demons and devils, the interplay between [...]
Online
2011
66.

Almighty, Maker [electronic resource]

The Apostles' Creed begins with the words "I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth." This program explores the concept of God as an all-powerful being and explains how his supremacy is understood by the Christian Church. Theologians discuss the role of love and humility in God's omnipotence; the puzzle of determinism and free will; God as the source of all that exists; life's origin as purposeful creation and not random chance; what it means to be made "in the image of God" in terms of moral responsibility; the human relationship to God; stewardship of the Earth; God's covenant with his people; and how evil arises.
Online
2009
67.

Savior of the World [electronic resource]

The first part of the Apostles' Creed establishes God as omnipotent, and the second part moves on to present God as "the Son." In this program, Christian theologians discuss the nature of Jesus Christ as being both fully human and fully divine. Among the topics covered are the word "Christ" as an expression of spiritual, not political, salvation; the Arian controversy and Christ as God's son; the roots of the term "Our Lord" and the implications of this; the ramifications of Christ's incarnation in human form; Mary and the significance of the virgin birth in ancient and modern times; and Jesus as a "second Adam" without original sin.
Online
2009
68.

Acquainted With Grief [electronic resource]

After describing his birth, the Creed notes that Jesus Christ "suffered under Pontius Pilate," thus providing a historical context for the crucifixion. In this program, Christian theologians discuss this and other aspects of Jesus' death, giving lucid explanations of difficult spiritual concepts. Topics include the focus of Christianity on suffering and death; spiritual despair; the meaning of crucifixion in the ancient world, and how each of the four canonical Gospels interpret Christ's death; Old Testament antecedents of the symbolism of Christ as a blood sacrifice; the importance of Christ's physical death to human redemption; and various interpretations of Jesus' descent into hell.
Online
2009
69.

The Last Enemy Defeated [electronic resource]

The Creed declares that "on the third day he rose again from the dead." What does it mean that Jesus was raised up, after death, by God? In this program, Christian theologians examine the tenet of Christ's resurrection and what it means for human beings. Topics include the resurrection as victory over sin and death; the role of faith in accepting this belief; the implications of Christ's transformation from physical death to a new spiritual life, and of his ascension; the imagery of "sitting at God's right hand";  Jesus as mediator between God and man; the Second Coming; Jesus' reinterpretation of the hopes for a Jewish messiah; and different ways to understand what is meant by Judgment Day.
Online
2009
70.

Moyers & Company [electronic resource]: Nuns, Faith, and Politics

Weeks before Paul Ryan was selected to run for vice president, Sister Simone Campbell - who heads NETWORK, a Catholic social justice lobby - hit the road to protest the so-called "Ryan budget" recently passed by the House of Representatives. She and some of her sister nuns rolled across the heartland on a bus trip designed to arouse public concern over what the Ryan plan would mean for social services in America, especially its slashing of programs for the poor. Sister Simone says that Ryan's budget is inconsistent with Catholic teachings, and although the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops agrees, other Catholics say the NETWORK nuns have crossed the line. Robert Royal, editor in chief of The Catholic Thing and founder of the Faith & Reason Institute, believes that issues of econom [...]
Online
2012
71.

In the Beginning God Created Heaven and Earth [electronic resource]: Crossroads of Faith and Science

Will the battle between creationism and scientific purism ever be resolved? In search of a more nuanced and illuminating dialogue, this film explores the views of free thinkers around the world who balance their spiritual sensibilities with genuine scientific curiosity. Conversations focus on the origins of the cosmos, living things, and the human species. Researchers, intellectuals, and religious leaders in France, Germany, and Turkey share their interpretations of biblical and Quranic passages, pointing out rarely discussed echoes of scientific concepts and explaining why faith and factual evidence don't necessarily cancel each other out. The program also takes viewers through a colorful chronology of the three major monotheistic religions, looking at historical periods in which th [...]
Online
2009
72.

The Mystic Lamb [electronic resource]: The Ghent Altarpiece in Vivid Detail

Standing in the presence of a 500-year-old polyptych laden with exquisite miniature paintings is an opportunity for awe and reflection, to be sure. But to personally scrutinize the Ghent Altarpiece involves a unique set of challenges and, as is often the case with sacred and protected works of art, privileged access. To connect on a truly intimate level with Jan van Eyck's depictions of Biblical narratives, viewers have a viable alternative in this meticulous, high-resolution video documentary. It offers panoramic, medium-range, and finely detailed images of the Altarpiece in both closed and open positions. Accompanied by authentic 15th-century music, the camera ventures into each panel to reveal astonishing subtleties of color, texture, and form-virtually recreating the experience o [...]
Online
2009
73.

Sister Rose's Passion [electronic resource]

Until the Second Vatican Council in 1965, textbooks used to educate Catholic children taught that Jews were responsible for the death of Christ and hence were hated by God. The amendment at Vatican II was thanks to Sister Rose Thering, who had been troubled by the Church's anti-Semitic stance as a child, and appalled by the lack of response to the Holocaust as an adult. In this program, Sister Rose describes her crusade to strike inaccurate and inflammatory language about Jews from the Catholic canon. Historians and members of the clergy shed light on the theological roots of anti-Semitism, and also comment on Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ, which was condemned by the U.S. Conference of Bishops.
Online
2004
74.

Holy Week in Jerusalem [electronic resource]

In this novel approach to understanding the supporting characters of the Easter story, a drama workshop is set up to reenact the events of Holy Week. In order to portray their characters, not as legends or according to 2,000-year-old stereotypes, but as human beings whom we need to understand, the actors discuss the character, motivation, and feelings of the people involved in and affected by the death and resurrection of Jesus. As they explore the nature, depth, and relevance of the Easter story through the eyes of Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Jesus, Judas Iscariot, Pontius Pilate, Caiaphas, Thomas, and Simon Peter, they provide a useful stimulus for exploring the central implications of the Christian faith.
Online
1991
75.

The Twelve Apostles [electronic resource]: History's Great Revolutionaries

This program traces the lives and legacies of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ who spread his message of faith across the known world through the New Testament. Their devotion and resilience enabled Christianity to become a global religion with more than 2 billion followers today.
Online
1999
76.

Armenians [electronic resource]: A Story of Survival

Shot in twelve countries and narrated by Academy Award-winning actress Olympia Dukakis, this program illustrates the epic journey of the Armenian people-from their origins centuries before Christ through their near-elimination early in the 20th century to the rebirth of their nation following the Soviet collapse. The film includes interviews with Nobel Peace Prize laureate Elie Wiesel; author Christopher Walker (The Armenians: Survival of a Nation); the head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, Catholicos Karekin II; and the former President of Armenia, Robert Kocharian. Archival footage from the 1915 Armenian Genocide and the era of Soviet Armenia adds further depth to this sweeping narrative.
Online
2001
77.

Shaker Town [electronic resource]: A More Perfect Order

Centered on faith, hard work, and the early stirrings of racial and sexual equality, the Shaker lifestyle was in many ways ahead of its time. But what was daily life like inside Shaker communities? Several years in the making, this program uses extensive archival footage integrated with reenactments and scholarly interviews to illustrate the Shakers' ordered, highly idealistic society. Visits to historic establishments in Pleasant Hill and South Union, Kentucky, shed light on distinctive Shaker crafts and architecture (churches, barns, houses, and furniture) as well as complex cultural and economic issues (financial management, dissolution of the traditional family structure, and more) that shaped the United Society of Believers.
Online
2008
78.

Study of the Child Part 2 [electronic resource]: Theories of Development

Why would 300-year-old educational theories be of interest to teachers of young children today? This program features the ideas of early researchers and philosophers, showing how these pioneers laid the groundwork for modern concepts of elementary school instruction. Locke's opposition to rote memorization, Rousseau's belief in self-direction, the recognition of each child's individuality by Pestalozzi, and Froebel's creative preschool techniques are profiled, and offered as starting points for educators to develop their own framework for how best to interact with young students.
Online
2008
79.

Light and Mourning [electronic resource]

Has the Catholic Church become a ghost ship in search of a crew? Director Nicola Zavaglia reflects on this consequential issue with a documentary that brings you behind the closed doors of Catholicism. Featuring interviews with members of the Quebec and French clergy, as well as striking images shot in Rome and Calabria, Light and Mourning goes back to the roots of Christian belief in an attempt to explain the dramatic decline of the once powerful church in modern society. Two thousand years after Jesus, can the Catholic religion hope to flourish once again?
Online
1999
80.

Believing [electronic resource]: Pilgrimage to Santiago

Goethe once said, "Europe was made on the pilgrim road to Compostela." Stretching from France to the Spanish town of Santiago de Compostela, where the cathedral is said to house the remains of James the Apostle, El Camino - or the Way of St. James - was the first great pilgrims' route. Millions made the long journey in an age when people rarely ventured beyond their village or town. Filmmaker Lina Moreco retraces their steps with her "pilgrim camera." She follows El Camino through the rolling landscape and ancient hill-towns of Galicia in a quest to understand the notion of faith in the closing days of the 20th century. Using the pilgrimage as a metaphor, this classic film explores the phenomenon of faith - in God and religion as well as in oneself. What are the wellsprings of faith? [...]
Online
1999