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101.

Drakensberg National Park, South Africa: uKhahlamba Dragons, Rainmakers, and the Power of the Gods

The Maloti-Drakensberg Park is a transboundary site composed of the uKhahlamba Drakensberg National Park in South Africa and the Sehlathebe National Park in Lesotho. The site has exceptional natural beauty in its soaring basaltic buttresses, incisive dramatic cutbacks, and golden sandstone ramparts as well as visually spectacular sculptured arches, caves, cliffs, pillars and rock pools. The site's diversity of habitats protects a high level of endemic and globally important plants. The site harbors endangered species such as the Cape vulture and the bearded vulture. Lesotho’s Sehlabathebe National Park also harbors the Maloti minnow, a critically endangered fish species only found in this park. This spectacular natural site contains many caves and rock-shelters with the largest and m [...]
Online
2017; 2009
102.

Africa's Great Civilizations—Part 4: Cities

Gates explores the power of Africa’s greatest ancient cities, including Kilwa, Great Zimbabwe and Benin City, whose wealth, art and industrious successes attracted new European interest and interaction along the continent’s east and west coasts.
Online
2017
103.

Serengeti National Park, Tanzania: Land of the Creation

The vast plains of the Serengeti comprise nearly 6,000 square miles of savannah. The annual migration to permanent water holes of vast herds of herbivores (wildebeest, gazelles and zebras), followed by their predators, is one of the most impressive natural events in the world.
Online
2017; 1997
104.

Timbuktu, Mali: The Adventure of Arrival

Home of the prestigious Koranic Sankore University and other madrasas, Timbuktu was, during the 15th and 16th centuries, an intellectual and spiritual capital and a center for the expansion of Islam throughout Africa. Its three great mosques, the Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia, speak of Timbuktu's Golden Age. Although restored in the 16th century, these monuments are today threatened by the encroachment of sand.
Online
2017; 1997
105.

Africa's Great Civilizations—Part 2: The Crescent and the Cross

Professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. charts the ancient rise of Christianity and Islam, whose economic and cultural influence stretched from Egypt to Ethiopia. Learn of African religious figures like King Lalibela, an Ethiopian saint, and Menelik, bringer of the Ark of the Covenant.
Online
2017
106.

Koutammakou, Togo: The Land of the Batammariba

The Koutammakou landscape in northeastern Togo, which extends into neighboring Benin, is home to the Batammariba, whose remarkable mud tower-houses (takienta) have come to be seen as a symbol of Togo. In this landscape, nature is strongly associated with the rituals and beliefs of society. The 50,000-ha cultural landscape is remarkable due to the architecture of its tower-houses, which are a reflection of social structure; its farmland and forest; and the associations between people and landscape.
Online
2017; 2010
107.

Cidade Velha, Cape Verde: A Marriage Between Portugal and Africa

The town of Ribeira Grande, renamed Cidade Velha in the late 18th century, was the first European colonial outpost in the tropics. Located in the south of the island of Santiago, the town features some of the original street layout and impressive remains including two churches, a royal fortress and Pillory Square, with its ornate 16th-century marble pillar.
Online
2017; 2011
108.

Victoria Falls, Zambia and Zimbabwe

These are among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The Zambezi River, more than a mile wide at this point, plunges noisily down a series of basalt gorges and raises an iridescent mist that can be seen more than 12 miles away.
Online
2017; 1996
109.

Djoudj, Senegal: Watery Wilderness on the Edge of the Sahara

Situated in the Senegal river delta, the Djoudj Sanctuary is a wetland of 39,500 acres, comprising a large lake surrounded by streams, ponds and backwaters. It forms a living but fragile sanctuary for some 1.5 million birds, such as the white pelican, the purple heron, the African spoonbill, the great egret and the cormorant.
Online
2017; 2001
110.

Asanteland, Ghana: The Chief, the Gold, and the King

To the northeast of Kumasi, these are the last material remains of the great Asante civilization, which reached its peak in the 18th century. The dwellings, made of earth, wood and straw, are gradually being destroyed by the effects of time and weather.
Online
2017; 2003
111.

The Rock Engravings of Twyfelfontein, Namibia: Cryptic Messages in Stone

Twyfelfontein has one of the largest concentrations of petroglyphs (rock engravings) in Africa. Most of these well-preserved engravings represent rhinoceroses, elephants, ostriches and giraffes, as well as drawings of human and animal footprints. The site also includes six painted rock shelters with motifs of human figures in red ochre. The objects excavated from two sections date from the Late Stone Age. The site forms a coherent, extensive and high-quality record of ritual practices relating to hunter-gatherer communities in this part of southern Africa over at least 2,000 years and eloquently illustrates the links between the ritual and economic practices of hunter-gatherers.
Online
2017; 2008
112.

Jebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region, Sudan: Holy Mountain of the Black Pharaohs

These five archaeological sites, stretching over nearly 40 miles in the Nile Valley, are testimony to the Napatan (900 to 270 BC) and Meroitic (270 BC to 350 AD) cultures of the Second Kingdom of Kush. Tombs with and without pyramids, temples, living complexes and palaces are to be found on the site. Since antiquity, the hill of Jebel Barkal has been strongly associated with religious traditions and folklore. The largest temples are still considered by the local people as sacred places.
Online
2017; 2007
113.

Burkina Faso, Africa: A Rectified Revolution

In August 1983, Captain Thomas Sankara seizes power in the former French colony of Upper Volta. He is helped by a commando led by his friend Blaise Compaore. Contrary to precedent attempts, Sankara's coup d'etat has revolutionary objectives of Marxist inspiration: end the neocolonial hold of France on the county, favor the equality of opportunity and the education of the masses and launch an economic reform based in the rurality of the country. Dissidences appear, and four years after the beginning of the August Revolution, he is assassinated. While the inhabitants of Burkina-Faso continue to live with the memory of a failed revolution, the documentary reveals the price of the country's stability: no democratic change, no access to the wealth of the country and no real independence f [...]
Online
2019; 2012
114.

Madagascar: Seven Month Chaos

December 16, 2001-Madagascar, one of the world's poorest countries falls into chaos. The roots of this crisis are two men fighting to control disputed election results: Didier Ratsiraka, the incumbent president, and his foe, Marc Ravalomanana, the presidential candidate. For seven months, Madagascar is asphyxiated by this turmoil: barricades are set up, tortures take place and the crisis escalates into a true civil war. The political calamity ends in 2002 with the official recognition of Marc Ravalomanana by the United States. Ratsitraka flees the country, leaving behind an unimaginable humanitarian, political and economic catastrophe, whose consequences for the Malagasy people are still immeasurable.
Online
2019; 2012