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Africa — History
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Tobruk [electronic resource]

Maintaining control of the Libyan city of Tobruk was crucial to the Allied war effort; loss of the strategic Mediterranean port would shorten Axis supply lines. This classic program incorporates authentic WWII archival film footage and accounts from soldiers on both sides of the battleline in Tobruk.

Monsters to Destroy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

With the collapse of the U.S.S.R., suddenly the U.S. was the sole superpower - a militaristic global leader with no clear enemy or foreign policy goal. The section "New World Disorder" illustrates the unprecedented turbulence of the fractured post - Cold War world during the George H. W. Bush administration: the Tiananmen Square protests, the U.S. invasion of Panama, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Gulf War, ethnic cleansing in the Balkans and Rwanda, and famine in Somalia. "Indispensable Nation" analyzes President Clinton's inability to create a demilitarized Manifest Destiny based solely on trade and economic growth. And "Smarter Than History" uses pivotal events from the George W. Bush presidency - the 9/11 attacks and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq - to examine the compro [...]

Making a Fortune [electronic resource]

God, glory, and gold-among those three motives for conquest, there's little doubt about which shines brightest. This program shows how Britain's hegemony began as a pirates' treasure hunt, grew into a loosely aligned realm based on trade, and developed into not only an empire but a global financial network. Viewers travel from Jamaica, where sugar made plantation owners rich on the backs of African slaves, to Calcutta, where British traders became the new princes of India. The film then heads to Hong Kong, where British-supplied opium fueled colonization and economic dominance. Unfair trading helped spark the independence movement in India, led by Mahatma Gandhi; in a former cotton-spinning town in Lancashire, viewers meet two women who remember Gandhi's extraordinary visit in 1931.

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Throne of the White Snake

The highest point in Africa, Kilimanjaro is a volcanic massif nearly 20,000 feet high which stands, isolated, above the surrounding plains with its snowy peak looming over the savannah. The mountain is encircled by mountain forest, and numerous mammals, many of which are endangered, live in the park.
2017; 1997

Africa's Great Civilizations—Part 3: Empires of Gold

Henry Louis Gates Jr. uncovers the complex trade networks and advanced educational institutions that transformed early north and west Africa from deserted lands into the continent’s wealthiest kingdoms and learning epicentres.

Thebes, Egypt: The City of Amon

The capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms, Thebes was the city of the god Amon. With the temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, Thebes is a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.
2017; 2000

Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania: Noah’s Crater

A large permanent concentration of wild animals can be found in the huge and perfect crater of Ngorongoro. Nearby, the crater of Empakaai, filled by a deep lake, and the active volcano of Oldonyo Lenga can be seen. Excavations carried out in the Olduvai Gorge, not far from there, have resulted in the discovery of one of humankind's more distant hominid ancestors.
2017; 1997

Steam Around the World: The African Archives

Filmed in the dying years of the Age of Steam, we witness spectacular feats of engineering through central and southern Africa. The famous Victoria Falls Bridge, the Rhodesian Railways and Franco-Ethiopian Railways are featured, as well as the steam trains of South Africa, Mozambique, Angola and the Sudan.
2017; 2006

Africa's Great Civilizations—Part 6: Commerce and the Clash of Civilizations

Henry Louis Gates Jr. explores the dynamism of 19th century Africa, the “scramble” by European powers for its riches, and the defiant and successful stand of uncolonized Ethiopia.

Djenné, Mali: City of Clay

Inhabited since 250 B.C., Djenné developed into a market center and a link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. In the 15th and 16th centuries, it became one of the spiritual centers for the dissemination of Islam. Its traditional houses, of which close to 2,000 have survived, are built on hillocks (toguere) and adapted to the environment of seasonal floods.
2017; 1997

Abomey, Benin: The Kingdom of the Slave Traders

From 1625 to 1900, twelve kings succeeded one another at the head of the powerful Kingdom of Abomey. With the exception of King Akaba, who used a separate enclosure, they each had their palaces built within the same cob-wall area, in keeping with previous palaces as regards the use of space and materials. The royal palaces of Abomey are a unique reminder of this vanished kingdom.
2017; 2001

Taï National Park, Ivory Coast: The Last Jungle

This park is one of the last important remnants of the primary tropical forest of West Africa. Its rich natural flora and threatened mammal species, such as the pygmy hippopotamus and 11 species of monkeys, are of great scientific interest.
2017; 1997

Nelson Mandela: Interview (10/6/94)

Nelson Mandela discusses his first visit to Washington as President of South Africa.
2017; 1994

Fez, Morocco: Labyrinth and Paradise

Founded in th 9th century, Fez reached its height first in the 14th century under the Marinides and again in the 17th century. In 1912, when France established Rabat as the new capital, its political importance declined, but its religious and cultural role continues today, centered as it is around the two famous mosques of Al-Qarawiyin and Al-Andalus in the heart of the medina.
2017; 1997

The Cliff Temples of Abu Simbel, Egypt

This exceptional archaeological area is bordered by such magnificent monuments as the temples of Ramses II in Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis in Philae, which were saved from the Nile's rising waters thanks to an international campaign launched by UNESCO.
2017; 2000

Nelson Mandela: Interview (2/16/90)

In this 1990 interview, Nelson Mandela shares his experience of 27 years in prison and reflects on the ANC's collective leadership model in the transition to a post-apartheid South Africa.
2017; 1990

Lalibela, Ethiopia: Jerusalem at the Horn of Africa

The 11 medieval monolithic cave churches of this 13th-century "New Jerusalem" are situated in a mountainous region in the heart of Ethiopia near a traditional village with circular-shaped dwellings. Lalibela is a high place of Ethiopian Christianity that today is still a destination of pilgrimage and devotion.
2017; 2002

What in the World—Algeria and Western Africa: Going Home

For forty years now the Sahrawi people have lived in exile. Their home: five refugee camps in one of the hottest parts of the desert where summer temperatures reach over 50 degrees centigrade. Having fled the Moroccan invasion of their homeland, Western Sahara, over 100,000 people now live in what is in effect an open prison where they are completely dependent on the World Food Programme for their survival. Yet they continue to dream of the prospect of returning to their homeland in northwest Africa. After years of frustration, armed conflict, and broken UN promises many of the young men are contemplating a return to war.
2017; 2016

Cairo’s Islamic Old City, Egypt

Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world's oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams, and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new center of the Islamic world, reaching its Golden Age in the 14th century.
2017; 1996

Ghadamès, Libya: The Underground Oasis

Built in an oasis, Ghadamès, "the pearl of the desert," is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and an outstanding example of a traditional settlement. Its domestic architecture is characterized by a vertical division of functions: the ground floor used to store supplies; then another floor for the family, overhanging covered alleys that create what is almost an underground network of passageways; and, at the top, open-air terraces reserved for the women.
2017; 1999