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UVA Newsmakers
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81.

The Clinton Legacy: Reality and Illusions

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The biographer of Bill Clinton and Al Gore compares these two men including the their political styles. The themes of Clinton as a politican were loss and recovery; he was a survivor. Maraniss also discusses the impact of Clinton's presidency.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
82.

HIV/AIDS: Discrimination, Stigma and Shame

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Dr. Gayle, Director of the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, explains how racism, stigma, shame, and marginalization have played a unique role in shaping societal and individual responses to the HIV/AIDs epidemic. She uses the situations of African Americans in the United States and South Africans under aparteid as case studies, giving the historical background and current conditions for each.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
83.

The Other Massive Resistance: School Prayer and the Conservative Revolution, 1962-1984

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Zimmerman provides a history of the reaction against the Supreme Court's 1962 ruling against prayer in the public schools. Much of the criticism and active movement against the decision came from religious conservatives, particularly Catholics, fundamentalist Christians, and the black rank and file. The civil rights community was split on the issue with many black leaders supporting the court's decision on the separation of church and state basis. By the 1980s the Christian right supported disobedience to the Supreme Court's decision.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
84.

Our Last Best Shot: Guiding Our Children Through Early Adolescence

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Stepp talks about her study of young middle class adolescents which she performed with the aim of helping adults understand why adolescents 10 to 15 years of age act and they do and what they need from adults. She made four discoveries: (1) adults need to understand the unique developmental needs of these teenagers; (2) the so-called youth culture is misnamed; everyone is part of the culture; (3) the choices these youth are asked to make are more numerous, more difficult, and riskier than the choices most adults had to make when they were that age; and (4) adults make a huge difference in what young people choose. Youth need three things from adults: respect, responsibility, and relationship.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
85.

Physician Emotional Reaction to Patient Death: Impact on Patient Care

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Dr. Arnold discusses a study he and Susan Lockster did at Harvard and the University of Pittsburgh concerning the way physicians handle patients' deaths. The themes which stood out included (1) uncertainty and confusion and (2) the fear of mistakes. Doctors at university hospitals were often stangers caring for patients (many having met their patients less than a week before death), and the doctors' emotional reactions were related to their role in the management of dying.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
86.

The Healing Power of Mindfulness: Living Your Life as If It Really Matters

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Dr. Kabat-Zinn talks about the use of mindfulness, especially meditation, in the process of healing. He defines healing as a process of coming to term with things as they are. Medicine and meditation both relate to wholeness, the root meaning of health. He suggests paying attention to ourselves as whole human beings.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
87.

Fighting the War on Breast Cancer in the 20th Century: From the Radical Mastectomy to Genetic Testing

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Dr. Lerner gave a history of the treatment of breast cancer in the United States during the 20th century. He showed how this treatment was influenced by social and cultural factors. Through mid-century male doctors primarily took the approach of more surgery is better, and performed numerous radical mastectomies. In the 1970s with the feminist movement, women began demanding a choice of treatment options, and breast cancer came to be seen as a public health problem.
VHS
2001
88.

Leadership in Journalism: An Historical Perspective

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Mr. Wilkins talked about his life as a black helper in the civil rights movement, including his government work, and particularly his life as a journalist. He believes that a problem with the civil rights movement is that too many people want to be leaders instead of helpers. A question and answer period followed his talk.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)
89.

Religion, Justice and Violence Public Forum

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Dr. Girard discusses religion and human conflict and explores archaic religion, Christianity, and the theory of evolution.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
90.

Breast Cancer Screening: Prevention Is More Complicated Than We Thought

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Dr. Fletcher discusses the complications surrounding breast cancer screening including how risk is defined, screening techniques, and the social context of breast cancer.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
91.

The Fate of the Arts

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Bill Ivey, former NEA chair, discusses the state of the arts in the United States today.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
92.

Okra Leaves: Looking at the Future Through the Past

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Nikki Giovanni spoke about current social conditions and black history. She placed her poetry reading in the social context.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
93.

The Treatment and Interrogation of POWs and Security Detainees: Current Issues

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Mr. Graham discusses the legal situation concerning the treatment and interrogation of POWs and security detainees, two separate groups governed by different laws. The United States has the obligation to follow the laws, including international law, in these situations.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
94.

The Road to 9-11

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Zelikow, the executive director of the 9-11 Commission while it was in existence, discusses the conclusions of the Commission on the events leading up to 9-11, he discusses the past; he does not address the road from 9-1, i.e. the outlook for the future.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
95.

In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863

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Ayers talks about researching his book, "In the presence of mine enemies," about the Civil War in two towns at the opposite ends of the Shenandoah Valley, and discusses his findings.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
96.

Women in the CIA: Problems and Prospects

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A former CIA case officer (i.e. spy) discusses both the role of women in the CIA and the situation within the agency itself since 9/11/2001.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
97.

Is There a Pink Slip in Your Genes?: Genetic Discrimination in the Workplace

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Miller discusses how scientific advances in genetics may have an impact on employment discrimination and how laws must be enforced to protect employees' rights and privacy.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
98.

Writing Collaborative History: UVA and the Monacan Indian Nation

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A discussion of the collaboration of university archaeologists with Monacan Indians to write a history of that Native American tribe; shows that a cooperative relationship between archaeologists and Native Americans is both possible and beneficial.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
99.

Healthy Cities, Healthy Lives: The Built Environment and Public Health

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Beatley explores ways in which community planning and design influence public health, emphasizing the need for green spaces. He showed examples of healthy cities in Europe and North America.
VHS
2004
Ivy (By Request)
100.

Understanding Heredity: Chance in the House of Fate

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Ms. Ackerman talks about heredity and what she learned when writing her book, Chance in the house of fate. She describes heredity in layman's terms, and demonstrates the interrelatedness of various organisms.
VHS
2001
Ivy (By Request)