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Palettes (Film for the Humanities (Firm))
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Artists — Biography
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1.

Eugene Delacroix [electronic resource]

Alain Jaubert flushes out the details, interprets the symbols, and analyzes the composition of Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People. Why such polemics when the painting was unveiled in 1831? Was it the nudity of the armed woman? Or was it the triumphant people in this realistic setting? Since the painting did not come to the Louvre until well after Delacroix's death, we will never know for certain. But this program makes some educated guesses from a firm, artistic standpoint.
Online
1989
2.

Georges Seurat [electronic resource]

In 1886, at the last Impressionist Exhibition in Paris, an unknown painter, Georges Seurat, exhibited a large canvas which caused a scandal for its technical daring and lack of concern for the accepted conventions of painting. A multitude of small dots created an astonishing light, and "pointillism" was born. In this program, video graphics are used to focus on key elements of Seurat's A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte and to analyze its structure and composition.
Online
1991
3.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec [electronic resource]

La Goulue, the celebrated cancan dancer and queen of late-night Paris during the Belle Epoque, asked her friend Toulouse-Lautrec to paint two panels to decorate her carnival booth. It is those canvases Decoration pour la baraque de La Goulue and their extraordinary destiny that are the subject of this program.
Online
1999
4.

Jan van Eyck [electronic resource]

The setting of a Roman gallery brings together four characters in van Eyck's The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin. Nicolas Rolin, the Duke of Burgundy's minister of finance, is on his knees before the Madonna, who is being crowned by an angel. Rolin is being blessed by the infant Jesus. Outside, a rich landscape is peopled with a number of unknown characters. The work is analyzed as a complex painting, difficult to decipher.
Online
1989
5.

Piero Della Francesca [electronic resource]

The Flagellation is considered one of the most mysterious paintings in the history of art. Although approximately thirty hypotheses have been formulated to try to explain its political meaning, the painting by this scholarly Renaissance artist defies all attempts. This program makes one more attempt, and reveals its overall identity as a manifesto of a new school of art and Renaissance thought.
Online
1993
6.

Marcel Duchamp [electronic resource]

Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase is, with Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon, an essential step in the 20th-century artistic revolution. But in spite of its worldwide reputation, the painting has never been commented on in-depth. This program is the first to completely dedicate itself to Duchamp's masterpiece. It asks what exactly the painting represents, and to what extent it is possible to analyze the work and dissect its symbolism.
Online
1993
7.

Pablo Picasso [electronic resource]

Crucifixion is a rather surprising painting coming from Picasso, a man who had little interest in religion or religious themes. This program explores the reasons why he might have placed a number of strange, indecipherable figures within this classical representation of Calvary. Many allusions found in the work's enigmatic composition seem to indicate that the painting may have been created during a personal crisis.
Online
1993
8.

Rembrandt van Rijn [electronic resource]

Even in his first paintings, Rembrandt positioned himself in the scene. In the following years, at least 100 times he used his face as the only subject in engravings, drawings, and paintings. Such single-mindedness, unique in the history of art, was very widely interpreted. This program explores his self-portraits and attempts to determine the secret meanings hidden in the various versions of Rembrandt's face.
Online
1991
9.

Jan Vermeer [electronic resource]

Vermeer, born in 1632, lived in Delft all of his life and was influenced by Rembrandt. His work consisted of a series of variations on enigmatic interiors. Only 34 of his paintings are known to exist. In this program, video graphics are used to focus on the key elements of The Astronomer for the purpose of analyzing its structure and composition.
Online
1989
10.

Titian [electronic resource]

Giorgione or Titian? The identity of the artist who painted one of the world's most famous paintings, Le Concert champetre, remains uncertain to this day. What does this pastoral scene represent? Why do two nude women appear next to two clothed men? What music are they playing? This program attempts to answer these and other questions by delving into 16th-century Venetian culture, and by examining its more recent counterparts, such as Manet's Partie de campagne.
Online
1993
11.

Bacon [1909-1992]

Viewers examine the work of Francis Bacon and explore his studio in London. Learn what inspired him to create the violent imagery in Three Figures in a Room, Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion, Triptych Inspired by Oresteia of Aeschylus, and The Triptych in Memory of George Dyer.
Online
2016; 1995
12.

Bonnard [1867-1947]

Viewers explore how Pierre Bonnard's home in La Cannet served as inspiration to over 200 paintings between 1927 and 1947. Studio with Mimosa, 1939-1946 is one of Bonnard's last great paintings. This video provides critical analysis of the seminal work as well as an overview of other paintings created at La Bousquet. Henri Cartier-Bresson's many photographs of the painter the house, his painting tools, and sketchbooks provide a deeper understanding of the artist.
Online
2016; 1996
13.

Chardin [1699-1779]

In this episode of Palettes, The Skate is examined. Diderot, Proust, and others have written about this painting that draws people to visit the Louvre Museum. This video provides critical analysis of the seminal work as well as an overview of other paintings and thematic elements.
Online
2016; 1991
14.

David [1748-1825]

Jean-Louis David became fascinated with the founding of Rome while incarcerated and created a series of drawings. He completed The Sabines in 1799, which depicted Hersilia rushing between Titus and Romulus. The painting incorporates his passion for Ancient Rome as a political allegory about the French Revolution.
Online
2016; 1994
15.

De la Tour [1593-1652]

Viewers explore George De la Tour's seminal work The Cheat with the Ace of Diamonds. Three gamblers play a card game that resembles poker while a servant girl watches. The cheater, with an ace of spades hidden in his belt, looks at the audience directly; his face is illuminated. The painting was most often attributed to other artists, but Herman Voss confirmed its authenticity.
Online
2016; 1989
16.

Euphronios [~ 510 BC]

The Krater of Heracles and Antaeus depicts a famous fight in Greek mythology and currently resides in the Louvre Museum. Euphronios, the painter, helped revolutionized pottery in Ancient Greece. Learn about his career and techniques.
Online
2016; 1990
17.

Fayoum [~ 117-138 BC]

During this type period in Ancient Egypt, funerary portraits were attached to mummies after the embalming process. Most artwork from this time period has been destroyed or disintegrated. These portraits are painted in encaustic on wood or in some cases, in tempera directly onto the shroud. In this episode of Palettes, viewers learn about the tradition and are provided with critical analysis of The European, one of the finest portraits created during the time period.
Online
2016; 1997
18.

Fragonard [1732-1806]

In The Lock, A young man and a young woman stand between a bed and a door. Jean-Honoré Fragonard tells a story of sensual love. Each detail has a subtle meaning that reflects the traditions of pictorial science. Learn its history and legacy on this episode of Palettes.
Online
2016; 1992
19.

Gauguin [1848-1903]

Paul Gauguin painted Arearea or Joyousness during his first stay in Tahiti. The painting currently resides in the Musee d' Orsay. Learn about Gauguin's life, inspirations, and influences.
Online
2016; 2001
20.

Gericault [1791-1824]

Théodore Géricault read about the shipwreck and subsequent scandal of the Medusa, he felt compelled to re-create it on canvas. He worked obsessively on the project, executing studies, life-size sketches, painting portraits of the principal figures, and borrowed body parts from a local hospital to paint. Learn about Géricault's life, inspirations, the steps he undertook, and its legacy.
Online
2016; 1998