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Don't Die Young, Series 2: An Essential Guide to Your Essential Organs
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The Bones, Muscles, and Joints [electronic resource]

Our bones, muscles, and joints account for more than half of all reported pain. Over time, our skeletons suffer the effects of age and misuse, causing everything from arthritis and slipped disks to dowager's hump. Such conditions are commonplace and have plagued us throughout recorded history. In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts, an experienced physical anthropologist as well as a medical doctor and an expert in anatomy, has acquired a collection of interesting ancient bones that helps explain the stresses the human skeleton has always experienced. Using her trademark dissection of animal parts, Dr. Roberts shows what a slipped disk actually looks like and what happens to a joint when it is damaged by osteoarthritis.

The Male Reproductive Organs [electronic resource]

With her trademark no-nonsense style, Dr. Alice Roberts explains in this episode how the male anatomy works and offers practical advice on how to keep it healthy. She is joined by 30-year-old Mark Smallman, who realizes he knows very little about his own body. Mark's education begins in the lab, with Dr. Roberts dissecting a male pig's reproductive organs and getting Mark to cut through a testicle. Although testicular cancer is uncommon, Mark, at under 40, is in the age group most at risk. He also is told how to self-examine for lumps by urologist Alan Doherty, who carries out a pioneering operation (filmed in the program) on a prostate cancer patient.

The Female Reproductive Organs [electronic resource]

Dr. Alice Roberts continues her explanation of our reproductive systems, in this episode looking at the female sexual organs. Using an MRI scanner on her own body, she demonstrates how everything fits together-possibly a first for a television presenter. Using her trademark dissections of animal parts, drawings, and props, Dr. Roberts explains the female reproductive organs. Thousands of chocolate mini eggs help to demonstrate the huge number of eggs a baby girl is born with and how they immediately start disintegrating. There is also advice on how to become "breast aware," on the importance of protecting oneself from sexually transmitted infections, and on the value of smear tests for fighting cervical cancer.

Ear, Nose, and Throat [electronic resource]

Our ears, nose, and throat are all situated close together in the skull, but each has a different function. In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts shows viewers the tiny bones in the ear called the ossicles. It's clear that our ears are very intricate and vulnerable to damage. She then explains that loud noise can cause permanent harm to our ears. Every time you leave a nightclub or concert with ringing in the ears, you have to some extent damaged your hearing, so it is very important to provide protection. Dr. Roberts points out that the ears have a vital role to play in balance and also explains some of the roles of the nose and the throat.

The Immune System: Series 2 [electronic resource]

The immune system is the body's defense from attack - whether from viruses like influenza or unwanted bacteria. In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts explains how it works and what happens when it goes wrong. She also takes part in a stunt guaranteed to scare her, so the scientific effects on her immune system can be observed. Immunologist Josh Bosch compares blood samples taken before and after Dr. Roberts was terrorized. They show that her infection-fighting white blood cells were raised fivefold in a stress response resulting from her experience. Using all the means at her disposal (dissections, drawings, paintball guns, even cakes), Dr. Roberts explains the fantastic complexity of our immune system.

The Liver: Series 2 [electronic resource]

It was thought that only alcoholics got cirrhosis of the liver, but doctors now realize that this is not necessarily the case, and that our genes and other aspects of our lifestyles all play their part in damaging the organ. This episode follows the story of Philip Parker, who is on the waiting list for a liver transplant. Surgeons are filmed replacing his liver. Dr. Alice Roberts also visits scientists at Newcastle University who hope to be able to grow replacement livers from stem cells obtained from a baby's umbilical cord. Although the liver has the ability to regenerate, with liver disease on the increase both from alcohol and other causes, this is an organ in peril.

The Stomach and Intestines: Series 2 [electronic resource]

In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts uses dissection, drawing, and some unusual tests to reveal where the stomach and intestines are, how big they are, and how best to look after them. Dr. Roberts is joined by Lesley Love, a 40-year-old estate agent whose diet is based almost entirely on chocolate and cheese. The doctor embarks on a mission to impress upon her the need for more fruit and vegetables. She reveals that it is normal to defecate as seldom as once every three days or as often as three times a day. It is important to be aware of one's bowel habits and take notice of any changes, as these can be signs of bowel cancer.

The Whole Body: Series 2 [electronic resource]

In this episode, Dr. Alice Roberts explains how all the organs of the body work in unison, and explores the benefits of exercise. Using a treadmill, she demonstrates how regular exercise can counterbalance the natural deterioration of our fitness levels as our bodies age. She also takes a look at how the latest medical technology, such as 3-D scanning, can help doctors diagnose illness - but points out that medical advances in treatment are only half the story since prevention is also very important. Her conclusion is that the best chance of having a long and happy life is to eat a balanced diet and get plenty of exercise.