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A Walk Through the 20th Century With Bill Moyers
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The Arming of the Earth [electronic resource]

The 20th century began with enormous hopes for a future made safe and humane by technology. Although it realized some of these hopes, the century neared its end under the shadow of superweapons that still threaten the earth with annihilation. In this program, Bill Moyers traces the evolution of three instruments that enabled combatants to mass-produce death-the machine gun, the submarine, and the bomber plane. Each weapon helped to close the gap between soldier and target, regardless of whether that target was another soldier or an innocent civilian. And each was introduced with the promise that it would end war by making it too terrible to endure.
2010; 1984

World War II [electronic resource]: The Propaganda Battle

The outbreak of World War II saw two motion picture experts from Germany and the United States battle each other with as much ferocity as any army or navy. Their respective missions: to ignite a public desire to wage and win a global conflict. This Bill Moyers program contains an interview with Fritz Hippler, chief filmmaker for the Nazi Party. Hippler unrepentantly claims to have spoken to the "soul of the masses" through films like The Eternal Jew, which asserted a righteous justification for genocide. Moyers also discusses America's response, which put a renowned filmmaker to work for the Allied cause-director Frank Capra, noted for his gentle, humane films about ordinary folk standing up to oppression.
2010; 1984

I. I. Rabi [electronic resource]: Man of the Century

Innovation enabled the United States to take on the mantle of world leadership-most importantly, innovation in military technology. But among the great minds that drove American innovation, using science to make war sometimes led to questions, dilemmas, and even second thoughts. In this program, Bill Moyers presents a profile of I. I. Rabi, winner of the 1944 Nobel Prize in physics and an early developer of radar for use in World War II. Rabi also participated in the Manhattan Project and was present at the detonation of the first atomic bomb-an event which transformed him into an advocate for restraint in the use of nuclear power.
2010; 1984

The Image Makers [electronic resource]

The growth of mass communication provided a new understanding of ways to manipulate images and influence popular opinion, giving birth to the concept of public relations. In this program, Bill Moyers examines the public-relations campaign designed by Ivy Lee in 1914 to improve the image of John D. Rockefeller. He also talks with Edward Bernays-the man who helped immortalize Thomas Edison and actually coined the term "public relations"-about the science of "the engineering of consent." Moyers points out that this powerful tool must be carefully scrutinized since truth can be disguised on many levels.