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1.

Bahia of All the Saints

Bahia Todos Los Santos was once Brazil's major slave-trading port. Today the Afro-Brazilian racial mix born of that trade has given the city a tradition and culture uniquely its own. This film, by award-winning producer Jana Bokóva, explores Bahia's music, dance, art and literature, featuring established performers like Gilberto Gil, percussion groups, artists and capoeira (a cross between ballet and fighting). It also visits the old town, celebrates carnival and fiestas, and explains the religious power of candomblé.
Online
2019; 1994
2.

Ouro Preto, Brazil: The City of Black Gold

Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto ("Black Gold") was the focal point of the gold rush and "Brazil's Golden Age" in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, Ouro Preto's influence declined, but many churches, bridges and fountains remain as a testimony to its past prosperity and the exceptional talent of the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho.
Online
2017; 2000
3.

Potosí, Bolivia: The Devil’s Silver

In the 16th century, this area was regarded as the world’s largest industrial complex. The extraction of silver ore relied on a series of hydraulic mills. The site consists of the industrial monuments of the Cerro Rico, where water is provided by an intricate system of aqueducts and artificial lakes; the colonial town with the Casa de la Moneda; the Church of San Lorenzo; several patrician houses; and the barrios mitayos, the areas where the workers lived.
Online
2017; 2000
4.

Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay: Peace at Last on the Río de la Plata

Founded by the Portuguese in 1680 on the Río de la Plata, the city was of strategic importance in resisting the Spanish. After being disputed for a century, it was finally lost by its founders. The well-preserved urban landscape illustrates the successful fusion of the Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles.
Online
2017; 2008
5.

Old Panama City, Panama: 500 Years of Good Business

Founded in 1519 by the conquistador Pedrarías Dávila, Panamá Viejo is the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. It was laid out on a rectilinear grid and marks the transference from Europe of the idea of a planned town. Abandoned in the mid-17th century, it was replaced by a "new town" (the "Historic District"), which has also preserved its original street plan, its architecture and an unusual mixture of Spanish, French and early American styles. The Salón Bolívar was the venue for the unsuccessful attempt made by El Libertador in 1826 to establish a multinational continental congress.
Online
2017; 2004
6.

Brasilia, Brazil: Blueprint for the Modern Age

Brasilia, a capital created ex nihilo in the center of the country in 1956, is a landmark in the history of town-planning. Urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemayer intended that everything, from the layout of the residential and administrative districts—often compared with the shape of a bird—to the symmetry in the buildings themselves, should reflect the harmonious design of the city in which the official buildings are strikingly imaginative.
Online
2017; 1996
7.

Sucre, Bolivia: Simón Bolívar's Legacy

Sucre, the first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings, such as San Lázaro, San Francisco and Santo Domingo, illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
Online
2017; 2000
8.

Salvador de Bahia, Brazil: City of a Thousand Churches

As the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763, Salvador de Bahia witnessed the blending of European, African and Amerindian cultures. It was also the first slave market in the New World, with slaves arriving in 1558 to work on the sugar plantations. The city has managed to preserve many outstanding examples of Renaissance architecture. A special feature of the old town are the bright, polychromed houses which are often decorated with stucco of high quality.
Online
2017; 1996
9.

The Jesuit Missions of Córdoba, Argentina

The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings which illustrate an unprecedented 150-year-long religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Online
2017; 2008
10.

Cartagena, Colombia: Spain’s Fortress in the Caribbean

Situated in a bay of the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three quarters: San Pedro, with the Cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and middle-class lived; and Gethsemani, the "popular quarter."
Online
2017; 1996
11.

Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina: The Magic of the Ice

Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, a hundred miles long; at its farther end three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into the milky grey glacial water, launching massive igloo icebergs into the lake with thunderous splashes.
Online
2017; 1997
12.

Copán, Honduras: A Center of Mayan Culture

Discovered in 1570 by Diego García de Palacio, the ruins of Copán, one of the most important sites of Mayan civilization, were not excavated until the 19th century. Its citadel and imposing public squares characterize its three main stages of development, before the city was abandoned in the early 10th century.
Online
2017; 1996
13.

Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso, Chile

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late-19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheater-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous "elevators" on the steep hillsides.
Online
2017; 2006
14.

Antigua, Guatemala: Dangerous Beauty

Antigua, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in the early 16th century. Built nearly 5,000 feet above sea level in an earthquake-prone region, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, but its principal monuments are still preserved as ruins. In the space of under three centuries the city, which was built on a grid pattern inspired by the Italian Renaissance, acquired a number of superb monuments.
Online
2017; 2004
15.

Aachen Cathedral, Germany: A Symbol of Spiritual and Temporal Power

Construction of this Palatine chapel, with its octagonal basilica and cupola, began between 790 and 800 under the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by eastern churches of the Roman Empire, splendid facings were added in the Middle Ages.
Online
2017; 1999
16.

Tikal, Guatemala: Lost City of the Maya

In the heart of the jungle, surrounded by lush vegetation, lies one of the major sites of Mayan civilization, inhabited from the 6th century B.C. to the 10th century A.D. Its ceremonial center contains superb temples and palaces plus ramps leading to public squares. Remains of dwellings are scattered throughout the surrounding countryside.
Online
2017; 2000
17.

Iguaçu Falls, Brazil and Argentina

The park shares with Iguazú National Park in Argentina one of the world's largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 9,000 feet in length. Many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna are sheltered in the park, among others the giant otter and the giant ant-eater. The clouds of spray produced by the waterfall are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.
Online
2017; 1997
18.

Exuma

Exuma is a documentary film that uses innovative cinematography above and below the surface to highlight the surreal beauty of the Exuma Cays, a string of small islands in the Bahamas. This film, the first to highlight the beauty of these remote "out islands," is a window into this surreal world of sand, sky and water through the eyes and thoughts of a young woman who lives there.
Online
2017; 2015
19.

Quito, Ecuador: City of Churches and Cloisters

Founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city at an altitude of 9,350 feet, the capital of Ecuador has—despite the 1917 earthquake—the best-preserved and least-modified historic center in Latin America. The monasteries of San Francisco and Santo Domingo and the Church and the Jesuit College of La Compania, with their rich interior decorations, are pure examples of the "Baroque School of Quito," which is a fusion of Spanish, Italian, Moorish, Flemish and indigenous art.
Online
2017; 1996
20.

Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: The Garden of Eden

Located some 600 miles from the South American continent in the Pacific Ocean, these 19 volcanic islands have been called a unique "living museum and showcase of evolution." The presence of unusual animal life such as the land iguana, the giant tortoise, and the many types of finches, inspired Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, following his visit there in 1835.
Online
2017; 1997