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The Jesuit Missions of Córdoba, Argentina

The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings which illustrate an unprecedented 150-year-long religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the 17th and 18th centuries.
2017; 2008

Cartagena, Colombia: Spain’s Fortress in the Caribbean

Situated in a bay of the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three quarters: San Pedro, with the Cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and middle-class lived; and Gethsemani, the "popular quarter."
2017; 1996

Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina: The Magic of the Ice

Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, a hundred miles long; at its farther end three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into the milky grey glacial water, launching massive igloo icebergs into the lake with thunderous splashes.
2017; 1997

Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso, Chile

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late-19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheater-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous "elevators" on the steep hillsides.
2017; 2006

Antigua, Guatemala: Dangerous Beauty

Antigua, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in the early 16th century. Built nearly 5,000 feet above sea level in an earthquake-prone region, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, but its principal monuments are still preserved as ruins. In the space of under three centuries the city, which was built on a grid pattern inspired by the Italian Renaissance, acquired a number of superb monuments.
2017; 2004

Puebla, Mexico: City of Churches and Beetles

About 60 miles east of Mexico City, at the foot of Popocatépetl volcano, Puebla was founded ex nihilo in 1531. The great religious buildings of Puebla such as the cathedral (16th and 17th centuries), superb palaces like the old Archbishop's Palace, as well as a host of houses whose walls are covered in tiles (azulejos) have been preserved.
2017; 2003

The Aztec Empire and Spanish Conquest

On April 23, 1519, Hernán Cortés lands in the Yucatan with the intention of bringing the Aztec Empire to heel and seizing all the wealth of the territory. But he has a paltry force at his command: fewer than 600 men and some horses. On September 2, things get worse: several thousand Talaxcaltecs, traditional enemies of the Aztecs, confront him, ready to do battle. Horses are a totally unknown animal for the Talaxcaltecs, and when the battle commences, the Indians panic at the sight of them. Cortés exploits this psychological advantage and, against all expectations, wins the battle. Better still, he manages to rally the Talaxcaltecs to his cause. Strengthened by these unexpected reinforcements, Cortés advances to Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, and besieges it. After three months of [...]

The Cuban Missile Crisis

1962—American spy planes spot launch ramps in Cuba that are designed for nuclear missiles. President Kennedy orders that the island be blockaded in order to inspect any ships wishing to dock there. On October 26, Khrushchev tells Kennedy that he will continue his action: “If the United States want war, we shall find ourselves in hell.” The CIA informs the American president that 24 Russian missiles are now operational and pointing at precise locations in the country. Off the coast of Cuba, the U.S. Navy confronts the Russian fleet and is hunting down Russian submarines. Two of them break surface, but a third remains submerged, refusing to come up. Three exercise charges are dropped to emphasize the order to surface. Moscow orders its vessel to react. A nuclear torpedo is loaded into [...]

Iguaçu Falls, Brazil and Argentina

The park shares with Iguazú National Park in Argentina one of the world's largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 9,000 feet in length. Many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna are sheltered in the park, among others the giant otter and the giant ant-eater. The clouds of spray produced by the waterfall are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.
2017; 1997

Etua Snowball

Originally fromKuujjuaq in Nunavik, Etua Snowball is a secondary school Inuktitut teacher and award-winning musician. Mindful of the consequences of modern development and the influence of the English language in his community, Etua has taken on the mission to preserve and promote his culture and indigenous language.
2018; 2013

Quito, Ecuador: City of Churches and Cloisters

Founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city at an altitude of 9,350 feet, the capital of Ecuador has—despite the 1917 earthquake—the best-preserved and least-modified historic center in Latin America. The monasteries of San Francisco and Santo Domingo and the Church and the Jesuit College of La Compania, with their rich interior decorations, are pure examples of the "Baroque School of Quito," which is a fusion of Spanish, Italian, Moorish, Flemish and indigenous art.
2017; 1996

Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: The Garden of Eden

Located some 600 miles from the South American continent in the Pacific Ocean, these 19 volcanic islands have been called a unique "living museum and showcase of evolution." The presence of unusual animal life such as the land iguana, the giant tortoise, and the many types of finches, inspired Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, following his visit there in 1835.
2017; 1997

Caracas University, Venezuela: A Dream in Concrete

The Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas, built to the design of the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva from the 1940s to the 1960s, is an outstanding example of the Modern Movement in architecture. The university campus integrates the large number of buildings and functions into a clearly articulated ensemble, including masterpieces of modern architecture and visual arts such as the Aula Magna with the Clouds of Alexander Calder, the Olympic Stadium, and the Covered Plaza.
2017; 2002

Machu Picchu, Peru: Ruined City of the Incas

Machu Picchu stands 7,972 feet above sea level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they had been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments. The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.
2017; 1995

The Fidel Castro Tapes

The Fidel Castro Tapes features rarely — and never-before-seen — images to tell the life story of the controversial leader of Cuba. To some an icon of resistance and to others the very face of dictatorial oppression, Fidel Castro was one of the most provocative political figures of the 20th century. The Fidel Castro Tapes chronicles how his drive and charisma catapulted him to power in Cuba and how he used these traits to maintain control of his country for nearly five decades and capture the attention of the world.
2017; 2014

Cuzco, Peru: City of the Incas, City of the Spanish

Located in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed, under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban center with distinct religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they maintained its structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Indian city.
2017; 1995

Columbus and the Age of Discovery

This 7-nation production chronicles Columbus's journey and legacy. The series commemorates the quincentennial and relives Columbus's daring and dangerous voyages and their momentous repercussions for both the New World and the Old.
Ivy (By Request)