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1492: Conquest of Paradise

Dramatizes the first two voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas and the effects of European contact on the indigenous people.
Clemons (Stacks)

Revolution [electronic resource]

While the American colonies challenge Britain for independence, American slavery is challenged from within, as men and women fight to define what the country will be. In the upheaval of war, 100,000 black people escape their bondage and threaten the institution of slavery as never before. Initially, George Washington refuses to allow black volunteers into his army, but when the British Governor of Virginia promises freedom to slaves who will fight for England, the American high command is forced to reconsider. As the 18th century comes to a close, America hopes to walk a dangerous tightrope between property rights and human rights.
2005; 1998

New World Encounters [electronic resource]

After introducing the team of historians who have created the series, Professor Miller reviews the beginnings of American history from west to east, following the first Ice Age migrations through the corn civilizations of Middle America and the explorations of Columbus, DeSoto and the Spanish.

How the States Got Their Shapes [electronic resource]

Is it just a fluke of history that Illinois, not Wisconsin, contains the city of Chicago? Whatever happened to the state of Jefferson? And why is Texas too big to mess with? This program uncovers the political, cultural, and geographical forces that shaped the map of the United States. From the original thirteen colonies to the jigsaw puzzle of today's 50 states... from the nooks and crannies of the east to the rigid boxes of the west... from the Atlantic to the Pacific, viewers learn how America was carved out of the landscape and how the forces that sculpted our country still influence it today.

Cabeza de Vaca

Account of the Spanish explorer's capture, escape, and journey from Texas to Mexico City (1527-1537). Includes tales of El Dorado.
1993; 1990
Ivy (By Request)

The Multi-Cultural History of the United States: Part 1. Through 1699

This program takes us from the earliest settlements of North America through the arrivals of the Vikings, Europeans and Colonial America. Learn about European roots and how America was different before Europeans arrived and ask the question -- 'What was Christopher Columbus looking for?'

Ouro Preto, Brazil: The City of Black Gold

Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto ("Black Gold") was the focal point of the gold rush and "Brazil's Golden Age" in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, Ouro Preto's influence declined, but many churches, bridges and fountains remain as a testimony to its past prosperity and the exceptional talent of the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho.
2017; 2000

Potosí, Bolivia: The Devil’s Silver

In the 16th century, this area was regarded as the world’s largest industrial complex. The extraction of silver ore relied on a series of hydraulic mills. The site consists of the industrial monuments of the Cerro Rico, where water is provided by an intricate system of aqueducts and artificial lakes; the colonial town with the Casa de la Moneda; the Church of San Lorenzo; several patrician houses; and the barrios mitayos, the areas where the workers lived.
2017; 2000

Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay: Peace at Last on the Río de la Plata

Founded by the Portuguese in 1680 on the Río de la Plata, the city was of strategic importance in resisting the Spanish. After being disputed for a century, it was finally lost by its founders. The well-preserved urban landscape illustrates the successful fusion of the Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles.
2017; 2008

Canada and the U.S.: Understanding Our Differences

Northrop FryeCrossing the border from the U.S. into Canada is a pretty easy affair, says Northrop Frye, one of the world’s foremost literary critics; there are no walls, no barbed-wire fences, no lookout towers. But if our borders are open to each other, our minds can sometimes be less so. There’s a lot we North Americans don’t know about each other, and a lot we have to learn. In this program with Bill Moyers, Frye speaks about our common and uncommon mythologies. He discusses our cultural differences and Canada’s struggle to establish a separate identity beyond being America’s neighbor. (30 minutes)
2016; 1988

Chichén Itzá, Mexico: The Mystery of the Decline of the Maya

This site is one of the most impressive testimonies to the Mayan-Toltec civilization of the Yucatán (10th to 15th centuries). It contains some of the most outstanding examples of Central American architecture, combining Mayan construction techniques and Toltec sculpted decoration.
2017; 2002

Old Panama City, Panama: 500 Years of Good Business

Founded in 1519 by the conquistador Pedrarías Dávila, Panamá Viejo is the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. It was laid out on a rectilinear grid and marks the transference from Europe of the idea of a planned town. Abandoned in the mid-17th century, it was replaced by a "new town" (the "Historic District"), which has also preserved its original street plan, its architecture and an unusual mixture of Spanish, French and early American styles. The Salón Bolívar was the venue for the unsuccessful attempt made by El Libertador in 1826 to establish a multinational continental congress.
2017; 2004

Where Is My Grandchild?

Estela de Carlotto has spent nearly four decades searching for her grandson, one of the estimated 500 babies who disappeared after their mothers were taken by the military regime in Argentina in the 1970s.
2017; 2015

Sucre, Bolivia: Simón Bolívar's Legacy

Sucre, the first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings, such as San Lázaro, San Francisco and Santo Domingo, illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
2017; 2000

Salvador de Bahia, Brazil: City of a Thousand Churches

As the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763, Salvador de Bahia witnessed the blending of European, African and Amerindian cultures. It was also the first slave market in the New World, with slaves arriving in 1558 to work on the sugar plantations. The city has managed to preserve many outstanding examples of Renaissance architecture. A special feature of the old town are the bright, polychromed houses which are often decorated with stucco of high quality.
2017; 1996

The Jesuit Missions of Córdoba, Argentina

The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings which illustrate an unprecedented 150-year-long religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the 17th and 18th centuries.
2017; 2008

Cartagena, Colombia: Spain’s Fortress in the Caribbean

Situated in a bay of the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three quarters: San Pedro, with the Cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and middle-class lived; and Gethsemani, the "popular quarter."
2017; 1996

Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina: The Magic of the Ice

Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, a hundred miles long; at its farther end three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into the milky grey glacial water, launching massive igloo icebergs into the lake with thunderous splashes.
2017; 1997

Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso, Chile

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late-19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheater-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous "elevators" on the steep hillsides.
2017; 2006

Antigua, Guatemala: Dangerous Beauty

Antigua, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in the early 16th century. Built nearly 5,000 feet above sea level in an earthquake-prone region, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, but its principal monuments are still preserved as ruins. In the space of under three centuries the city, which was built on a grid pattern inspired by the Italian Renaissance, acquired a number of superb monuments.
2017; 2004