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61.

Madagascar: Seven Month Chaos

December 16, 2001-Madagascar, one of the world's poorest countries falls into chaos. The roots of this crisis are two men fighting to control disputed election results: Didier Ratsiraka, the incumbent president, and his foe, Marc Ravalomanana, the presidential candidate. For seven months, Madagascar is asphyxiated by this turmoil: barricades are set up, tortures take place and the crisis escalates into a true civil war. The political calamity ends in 2002 with the official recognition of Marc Ravalomanana by the United States. Ratsitraka flees the country, leaving behind an unimaginable humanitarian, political and economic catastrophe, whose consequences for the Malagasy people are still immeasurable.
Online
2019; 2012
62.

Rwanda: How History Can Lead to Genocide

To understand the genocide that occurred in Rwanda in 1994, it is necessary to give a chronological account of its history, starting with the arrival of the first colonizers. It is through this history, so often falsified by both Westerners and Rwandans that gave way to the extermination of the Tutsis by extremists Hutus. The UN and the U.S. refused to acknowledge the situation in Rwanda as genocide because that would have called for an intervention. The UN Security Council unanimously voted to abandon Rwanda. Through testimonies by three Rwandans who opposed the dictatorship of President Habyarimana (1973-1994), we begin to get a clear understanding of the horrendous mass killings and extermination of the Tutsi people-800,000 people in fewer than 100 days. The genocide in Rwanda was [...]
Online
2018; 1995
63.

Egypt's Treasure Guardians

Egypt is home to many of the most famous archaeological treasures on Earth. But over the last five years Egypt has suffered a tumultuous revolution and tourist numbers have plummeted. This program follows a select cast of individuals determined to bring Egypt back from the brink. They want to discover more of Egypt's history, keep its heritage safe, and get tourists to visit the country again.
Online
2018; 2016
64.

Did Blacks Spark White Civilization?

Were the Egyptians Black or White? Are Black Americans linked to the Nile Valley civilization and why is that important? Are Black scholars distorting history to make Black people feel good? In this program from Tony Brown's Journal, Richard Poe, former senior editor of Success Magazine and author of Black Spirit, White Fire, shares his answers to these questions.
Online
2018; 2001
65.

African Versus European Culture

Some Afrocentric historians have challenged the Eurocentric world-view of African history and culture. This program from Tony Brown's Journal features Dr. Molefi Kete Asante, author of The Afrocentric Idea, who boldly confronts critics of Afrocentric theory.
Online
2018; 1998
66.

Egyptian President Mubarak: Interview (7/30/96)

An interview with Egyptian President Mubarak discussing his impressions from a recent meeting on the new Prime Minister of Isreal, Benjamin Netanyahu.
Online
2018; 1996
67.

Patrice Lumumba: Assassination Colonial Style

Patrice Lumumba, the first Prime Minister of the newly independent Congo, was a hero to his fellow Africans but a communist threat to the West. The West believed Lumumba was pro-soviet and would open the door to communist control of this mineral rich region. Within months of becoming Prime Minister in 1960, Lumumba was ousted in a military coup, inspired by the West. It was led by a turncoat colonel, Desire Mobutu who would be Congo's military dictator for the next thirty years. In early December 1960, Patrice Lumumba and two of his Ministers were killed by members of the Belgian Secret Service. None of the murderers, or the men behind them, has ever been indicted, but Lumumba's voice still echoes throughout Africa today.
Online
2019; 2010
68.

Felix Moumie: Death in Geneva

For the French government, Cameroon had a particular strategic importance. Paris was afraid that in case of defeat against Moumie's UPC, a left wing movement of independence, France would not only lose Cameroon, but also other colonies in Western and Central Africa. Paris was convinced that it was in Cameroon it was going to win or lose the Cold War and Africa. For twenty-five years, in an attempt to "save the country of communism," French authorities committed horrible war crimes: more than 300,000 persons were deported, tortured and executed. Felix Moumie had to disappear and his movement had to be eliminated-at any price. This documentary looks critically at France's dirty war in Cameroon as well as the reaction to Moumie's death by both French and Swiss authorities.
Online
2019; 2010
69.

From the Boer War to Apartheid

August 5, 1962, South Africa-after several months on the run, the Black leader Nelson Mandela is arrested by the South African police and incarcerated in Robben Island, a fortress-like jail off Cape Town. He doesn't know it at that time, but it is only the beginning of his penitential ordeal. Despite this imprisonment, he will quickly become the symbol of the fight against apartheid. A complex and terrifying system of racial segregation is hidden behind this word. Instituted from 1948 by the National Party, apartheid will plunge the country into a continuous climate of insecurity until the end of the 20th century.
Online
2019
70.

Thomas Sankara: Fratricide in Burkina, Africa

Burkina Faso, Africa, October 15, 1987. Automatic gunfire breaks the evening's silence and kills President Thomas Sankara. Would the assassins have been sent by his brothers in arms, Blaise Compaore, with whom he had launched the Marxist Revolution a few years before? His main argument was also one of the assassins: Sankara had lost all sense of reality and was leading the Revolution into chaos. It needed to be "rectified". But who really was behind his "rectification" and why? Dark forces from France, the former colonial power, envying neighbor states, wealthy business interests?
Online
2019; 2010
71.

Anwar Al Sadat: Death of a Pharaoh

Anwar al Sadat, successor of Nasser and the President of Egypt, was the first Arab leader to try and break the wall of enmity between two peoples who laid claim to the same land. He was the first Arab leader to set foot on Israel's soil. He made and historic speech in Israel's parliament, the Knesset, and offered peace to the Arab's long standing enemy. But fundamentalist Lt. Khaled Islambouli and his fellow conspirators of the revolutionary Islamic brotherhood "Gamat Islamaya" saw him as a traitor. He became their target as they carried the Koran along with their automatic weapons, and set out to murder him during a military parade on the morning of October 6th 1981.
Online
2019; 2010
72.

February 11, 1990: Nelson Mandela Is Released From Prison

"I stand here before you not as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you, the people"-those are the first words pronounced by Nelson Mandela after his release from prison, after 27 years of incarceration. The event struck a chord worldwide, reminding us that South Africa, historically, was not only the first country to be colonized but also the last country to be decolonized.
Online
2018; 2017
73.

President Mubarak of Egypt: Interview (4/6/93)

An interview with President Mubarak of Egypt discussing his impression of meeting U.S. President Bill Clinton for the first time and Arab/U.S. relations.
Online
2018; 1993
74.

Idi Amin

This episode of The Dictator's Playbookexplores how Idi Amin used military force to seize power and build his 1970s dictatorship in Uganda.
Online
2019
75.

Africa's Downfall

In this program from Tony Brown's Journal, Dr. Chancellor Williams, widely-acclaimed historian and scholar who labored for 35 years researching and writing his seminal work, The Destruction of Black Civilization, explains his soundly-researched theory as to why Africans, the first builders of civilization in the cradle of world civilization and the discoverers of mathematics, writing, sciences, engineering, medicine, religion, fine arts and the builders of the great pyramids, were so easily toppled.
Online
2018; 1985
76.

Egyptian President Mubarak: Interview (9/27/93)

An interview with Egyptian President Mubarak discussing change in Egypt and the revitalized Middle East process.
Online
2018; 1993