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1.

Ouro Preto, Brazil: The City of Black Gold

Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto ("Black Gold") was the focal point of the gold rush and "Brazil's Golden Age" in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, Ouro Preto's influence declined, but many churches, bridges and fountains remain as a testimony to its past prosperity and the exceptional talent of the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho.
Online
2017; 2000
2.

Potosí, Bolivia: The Devil’s Silver

In the 16th century, this area was regarded as the world’s largest industrial complex. The extraction of silver ore relied on a series of hydraulic mills. The site consists of the industrial monuments of the Cerro Rico, where water is provided by an intricate system of aqueducts and artificial lakes; the colonial town with the Casa de la Moneda; the Church of San Lorenzo; several patrician houses; and the barrios mitayos, the areas where the workers lived.
Online
2017; 2000
3.

Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay: Peace at Last on the Río de la Plata

Founded by the Portuguese in 1680 on the Río de la Plata, the city was of strategic importance in resisting the Spanish. After being disputed for a century, it was finally lost by its founders. The well-preserved urban landscape illustrates the successful fusion of the Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles.
Online
2017; 2008
4.

Canada and the U.S.: Understanding Our Differences

Northrop FryeCrossing the border from the U.S. into Canada is a pretty easy affair, says Northrop Frye, one of the world’s foremost literary critics; there are no walls, no barbed-wire fences, no lookout towers. But if our borders are open to each other, our minds can sometimes be less so. There’s a lot we North Americans don’t know about each other, and a lot we have to learn. In this program with Bill Moyers, Frye speaks about our common and uncommon mythologies. He discusses our cultural differences and Canada’s struggle to establish a separate identity beyond being America’s neighbor. (30 minutes)
Online
2016; 1988
5.

Chichén Itzá, Mexico: The Mystery of the Decline of the Maya

This site is one of the most impressive testimonies to the Mayan-Toltec civilization of the Yucatán (10th to 15th centuries). It contains some of the most outstanding examples of Central American architecture, combining Mayan construction techniques and Toltec sculpted decoration.
Online
2017; 2002
6.

Old Panama City, Panama: 500 Years of Good Business

Founded in 1519 by the conquistador Pedrarías Dávila, Panamá Viejo is the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. It was laid out on a rectilinear grid and marks the transference from Europe of the idea of a planned town. Abandoned in the mid-17th century, it was replaced by a "new town" (the "Historic District"), which has also preserved its original street plan, its architecture and an unusual mixture of Spanish, French and early American styles. The Salón Bolívar was the venue for the unsuccessful attempt made by El Libertador in 1826 to establish a multinational continental congress.
Online
2017; 2004
7.

Where Is My Grandchild?

Estela de Carlotto has spent nearly four decades searching for her grandson, one of the estimated 500 babies who disappeared after their mothers were taken by the military regime in Argentina in the 1970s.
Online
2017; 2015
8.

Sucre, Bolivia: Simón Bolívar's Legacy

Sucre, the first capital of Bolivia, was founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century. Its many well-preserved 16th-century religious buildings, such as San Lázaro, San Francisco and Santo Domingo, illustrate the blending of local architectural traditions with styles imported from Europe.
Online
2017; 2000
9.

Salvador de Bahia, Brazil: City of a Thousand Churches

As the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763, Salvador de Bahia witnessed the blending of European, African and Amerindian cultures. It was also the first slave market in the New World, with slaves arriving in 1558 to work on the sugar plantations. The city has managed to preserve many outstanding examples of Renaissance architecture. A special feature of the old town are the bright, polychromed houses which are often decorated with stucco of high quality.
Online
2017; 1996
10.

The Jesuit Missions of Córdoba, Argentina

The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings which illustrate an unprecedented 150-year-long religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Online
2017; 2008
11.

Cartagena, Colombia: Spain’s Fortress in the Caribbean

Situated in a bay of the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three quarters: San Pedro, with the Cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and middle-class lived; and Gethsemani, the "popular quarter."
Online
2017; 1996
12.

Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina: The Magic of the Ice

Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, a hundred miles long; at its farther end three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into the milky grey glacial water, launching massive igloo icebergs into the lake with thunderous splashes.
Online
2017; 1997
13.

Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso, Chile

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late-19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheater-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous "elevators" on the steep hillsides.
Online
2017; 2006
14.

Antigua, Guatemala: Dangerous Beauty

Antigua, the capital of the Captaincy-General of Guatemala, was founded in the early 16th century. Built nearly 5,000 feet above sea level in an earthquake-prone region, it was largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1773, but its principal monuments are still preserved as ruins. In the space of under three centuries the city, which was built on a grid pattern inspired by the Italian Renaissance, acquired a number of superb monuments.
Online
2017; 2004
15.

Puebla, Mexico: City of Churches and Beetles

About 60 miles east of Mexico City, at the foot of Popocatépetl volcano, Puebla was founded ex nihilo in 1531. The great religious buildings of Puebla such as the cathedral (16th and 17th centuries), superb palaces like the old Archbishop's Palace, as well as a host of houses whose walls are covered in tiles (azulejos) have been preserved.
Online
2017; 2003
16.

The Aztec Empire and Spanish Conquest

On April 23, 1519, Hernán Cortés lands in the Yucatan with the intention of bringing the Aztec Empire to heel and seizing all the wealth of the territory. But he has a paltry force at his command: fewer than 600 men and some horses. On September 2, things get worse: several thousand Talaxcaltecs, traditional enemies of the Aztecs, confront him, ready to do battle. Horses are a totally unknown animal for the Talaxcaltecs, and when the battle commences, the Indians panic at the sight of them. Cortés exploits this psychological advantage and, against all expectations, wins the battle. Better still, he manages to rally the Talaxcaltecs to his cause. Strengthened by these unexpected reinforcements, Cortés advances to Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, and besieges it. After three months of [...]
Online
2017
17.

The Cuban Missile Crisis

1962—American spy planes spot launch ramps in Cuba that are designed for nuclear missiles. President Kennedy orders that the island be blockaded in order to inspect any ships wishing to dock there. On October 26, Khrushchev tells Kennedy that he will continue his action: “If the United States want war, we shall find ourselves in hell.” The CIA informs the American president that 24 Russian missiles are now operational and pointing at precise locations in the country. Off the coast of Cuba, the U.S. Navy confronts the Russian fleet and is hunting down Russian submarines. Two of them break surface, but a third remains submerged, refusing to come up. Three exercise charges are dropped to emphasize the order to surface. Moscow orders its vessel to react. A nuclear torpedo is loaded into [...]
Online
2017
18.

Iguaçu Falls, Brazil and Argentina

The park shares with Iguazú National Park in Argentina one of the world's largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 9,000 feet in length. Many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna are sheltered in the park, among others the giant otter and the giant ant-eater. The clouds of spray produced by the waterfall are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.
Online
2017; 1997
19.

Etua Snowball

Originally fromKuujjuaq in Nunavik, Etua Snowball is a secondary school Inuktitut teacher and award-winning musician. Mindful of the consequences of modern development and the influence of the English language in his community, Etua has taken on the mission to preserve and promote his culture and indigenous language.
Online
2018; 2013
20.

Quito, Ecuador: City of Churches and Cloisters

Founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city at an altitude of 9,350 feet, the capital of Ecuador has—despite the 1917 earthquake—the best-preserved and least-modified historic center in Latin America. The monasteries of San Francisco and Santo Domingo and the Church and the Jesuit College of La Compania, with their rich interior decorations, are pure examples of the "Baroque School of Quito," which is a fusion of Spanish, Italian, Moorish, Flemish and indigenous art.
Online
2017; 1996