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61.

Inside the Medieval Mind [electronic resource]: Sex

Although rooted in religious misogyny and crude anatomical knowledge, the sexual mores of the medieval era were surprisingly complex. This program explores the attitudes and behaviors of a sexual culture that was by turns romantic, transactional, and perverse. Documents and historical accounts include the story of Christina of Markyate, who defied marital conventions and maintained a lifelong vow of chastity; the more passionate tale of Peter Abelard and Heloise d'Argenteuil, whose 12th-century love letters transcend the brutality of the age; and a list of intrusive questions compiled to help 11th-century priests steer parishioners away from promiscuity. Troubadour poetry and primitive views of menstruation and fertility are also discussed.
Online
2010; 2008
62.

Inside the Medieval Mind [electronic resource]: Belief

Founded in 1230, Scotland's Pluscarden Abbey still pulses with the prayers and spiritual pursuits of Benedictine monks. Abbot Hugh Gilbert describes their work in reassuringly human terms, framing the Christian battle against Satanic evil as an inner struggle within one's own psyche. But, as this program shows, the culture which brought Pluscarden into existence was rigidly institutional-and entrenched in the cosmology of heaven and hell. The film explores demonic possession and brushes with the afterlife, as recorded in documents of the period; the ways in which wealthy believers sought to "purchase" heavenly redemption; and the sanctity conferred upon the bones of martyrs and other religious relics.
Online
2010; 2008
63.

Inside the Medieval Mind [electronic resource]: Power

Writing in the late 1200s, the Spanish nobleman Ramon Lull listed various duties which no knight could ignore. They included fidelity to the monarch, defense of the Christian faith-and, only slightly lower on the list, maintaining order among the tenants on one's estate. This program examines the means by which such political "ideals" were implemented and enforced during the Middle Ages. Spelling out the similarities between serfdom and slavery, the film illustrates the militant agenda behind William the Conqueror's building projects; the draconian nature of the era's "forest laws," which severely impacted livelihoods across England; and the shocking simplicity of weregild, a legal system that valued a nobleman's life far above that of a commoner.
Online
2010; 2008
64.

The Arming of the Earth [electronic resource]

The 20th century began with enormous hopes for a future made safe and humane by technology. Although it realized some of these hopes, the century neared its end under the shadow of superweapons that still threaten the earth with annihilation. In this program, Bill Moyers traces the evolution of three instruments that enabled combatants to mass-produce death-the machine gun, the submarine, and the bomber plane. Each weapon helped to close the gap between soldier and target, regardless of whether that target was another soldier or an innocent civilian. And each was introduced with the promise that it would end war by making it too terrible to endure.
Online
2010; 1984
65.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Caesar's Rome

Rome welcomes the new millennium spiffed up as never before. Join European travel expert and best-selling author, Rick Steves, on a tour of Rome's ancient sights from the Forum and Colosseum to the glorious Pantheon. Then, after exploring the catacombs and a cat hospice, we track down the best ice cream in Rome.
Online
2000
66.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Germany's Black Forest and Cologne

Come along with European travel expert, Rick Steves and his wife and kids, to enjoy the good life: dipping into a classy mineral spa, trying our luck at a fancy casino, devouring chocolate-cherry cake, and exploring Germany's most romantic forest.
Online
2000
67.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Eastern Turkey

Become a "temporary local" and discover the hidden treasures of Eastern Turkey with best-selling author and travel expert, Rick Steves. After a Mount Ararat sunrise, we visit Abraham's 4,000-year-old home town, tour one of the world's biggest dams, cheer on grease wrestlers, meet the gods atop Mount Nemrut, and dance with new friends in a village.
Online
2000
68.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: The Best of Sicily

Come along with European travel expert, Rick Steves, to discover this storied Mediterranean island. After going fishing for anchovies off Cefalu, we land in rough-and-tumble Palermo. Marveling at the eerie skeletons in a Cappuccin crypt, airy mosaics of Monreale, enchanting ruins of Segesta, and the fiery rim of Mount Etna, we enjoy the best of Sicily.
Online
2000
69.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Venice - Serene, Decadent, and Still Kicking

Take a special guided tour away from tourist-trampled routes with European travel expert, TV host, and best-selling author, Rick Steves. Sorting through the monuments of magical Venice, we trace its decline from Europe's most powerful city to its most hedonistic. We cruise its main street - the Grand Canal - then get lost in the back lanes. For art, it's Titian, Bellini, Donatello, and the Doge's Palace. We luxuriate in a venerable café on St. Mark's Square, enjoy calamari with locals in a canal-side pub, then find our own private Venice under the moonlight on a gondola.
Online
2001
70.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Florence - City of Art

Come along with European travel expert, Rick Steves, to the birthplace of the Renaissance, where we look into the eyes of Michelangelo's David and Botticelli's Venus, learn tricks for touring the Uffizi art gallery, and climb the dome that kicked off the Renaissance to discover how it was built. Then we delve into the Florentine good life: visiting a fragrant 400-year-old perfumery, sipping Campari on a rooftop, chasing the sunset on a Vespa, and sleeping serenely in a converted monastery.
Online
2001
71.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Amsterdam and Dutch Sidetrips

With Rembrandts and stately architecture from its Golden Age, hidden churches and holocaust memorials from its troubled times, and Van Goghs and titillating street life from its modern age, Amsterdam stimulates all the senses. Explore this complex city with the host, writer and producer of the popular public television series, Rick Steves' Europe. Then, Rick takes us side-tripping from Europe's capital of tolerance into the countryside (and below sea-level), where we hike dikes, climb windmills, tour the world's biggest flower market, and see how in Holland, "Everything's just so Dutch!"
Online
2002
72.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Prague and the Czech Republic

Newly energized Prague, slinky with sumptuous Art Nouveau facades, is perpetually playing Mozart and Vivaldi. Become a "temporary local" and discover this hidden treasure of the Czech Republic with best-selling author and travel expert, Rick Steves. Eastern Europe's top destination has Europe's best beer, biggest castle, liveliest pedestrian bridge, and most evocative Jewish Quarter. From Prague, we take a sidetrip to Kutna Hora, once a silver-mining boomtown, to descend into its medieval mine and ponder its eerie chapel, decorated centuries ago with 40,000 bones. (30 minutes)
Online
2002
73.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Dublin and Mystical Sidetrips

Dublin's story is of feast and famine: from its 18th-century Golden Age to its 20th-century struggles for independence to its boomtime today. Join European travel expert and best-selling author, Rick Steves, as we explore the town's foreboding castle, patriotic jail, and Trinity College with its illuminated Book of Kells - a bright light from the Dark Ages. At night we party in Temple Bar, awash with Celtic music and frothy pints of Guinness. We sidetrip to the prehistoric necropolis of Newgrange and the medieval monastery at Glendalough, tucked in the scenic Wicklow Mountains.
Online
2002
74.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: South Ireland - Waterford to the Ring of Kerry

We find the story of Ireland strewn along its fascinating south coast: Waterford's much-loved crystal factory; the Kennedy family homestead; the Dunbrody famine ship; and Kinsale's star-shaped fortresses. After learning why locals don't kiss the Blarney Stone, European travel expert and best-selling author, Rick Steves, savors the scenic charms of the Emerald Isle-driving the Ring of Kerry.
Online
2002
75.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: The Best of West Ireland - Dingle, Galway, and the Aran Islands

Discover the west coast of Ireland with the host, writer and producer of the popular public television series, Rick Steves' Europe. Deepest Ireland is best experienced in its west coast Gaeltachts, where Gaelic is spoken and the rugged villages have changed little over the generations. After exploring the rugged and remote Aran Islands, we settle into Galway and venture into Ireland in the extreme - Dingle Peninsula. Ringing with traditional music from its rustic pubs, dotted with prehistoric "fairy forts," Rick believes, if you'll fall in love with Ireland, chances are it'll be right here.
Online
2002
76.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Berlin - Resilient, Reunited, and Reborn

Berlin is back, resuming its place as a great European capital. Take a special guided tour away from tourist-trampled routes with European travel expert, TV host, and best-selling author, Rick Steves. We climb the Reichstag's new glass dome, sway at a modern-day cabaret, and pop a few chocolates in the now thriving eastern sector. Along with Germany's finest art, complicated Berlin also has hidden remnants of its fascist and communist past. In a city that's rebounding and rebuilding, we crane our necks at Europe's newest Times Square - Potsdamer Platz.
Online
2002
77.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Munich and the Foothills of the Alps

Come along with European travel expert, Rick Steves, to Munich, where locals specialize in good living. We visit boisterous markets and go for Baroque palaces...while office workers surf in the Isar River. Heading into the foothills of the Alps, we take a spin around a Maypole; drop by Oberammergau - the Shirley Temple of Bavarian villages; and tour the fairy-tale castles of "Mad" King Ludwig. After hiking up to a desolate ruined castle, we soar even higher in a glider over the Tyrol.
Online
2002
78.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: Switzerland's Jungfrau Region - Best of the Alps

If Heidi is alive, she's in this sky-high corner of the Swiss Alps, with cows on breathtaking ridges. Take a special guided tour away from tourist-trampled routes with European travel expert, TV host, and best-selling author, Rick Steves. After settling into a traditional village where locals scythe hay by hand, we hike, bike, and parasail. We blast an alphorn, get sprayed by waterfalls raging deep inside a mountain, and munch muesli for breakfast at 10,000 feet. For a finale, we ride Europe's highest lift up the mighty Jungfrau for hot cocoa, glacier sledding, and oh-wow views.
Online
2002
79.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: The Majesty of Madrid

Madrid is studded with riches from its glory days. Join European travel expert and best-selling author, Rick Steves, as we tour the lavish Royal Palace, enjoy art-packed museums, and look deep into Picasso's greatest masterpiece. Experiencing Madrid at its fun-loving best, we're mesmerized by flamenco dancers and munch on pigs' ears. Then, for a dose of Spain's dramatic history, we side-trip to El Escorial and the Valley of the Fallen.
Online
2004
80.

Rick Steves' Europe [electronic resource]: London - Mod and Trad

London is quintessentially English...yet cosmopolitan. Come along with European travel expert, Rick Steves, as we check out the new - the Millennium Bridge and the British Museum's Great Court, and admire the old - well-wrapped mummies and a rare Leonardo. After bantering with Beefeaters at the Tower of London, we do some riverside beach-combing. Strolling the trendy South Bank of the Thames takes us from the Tate Modern to the dizzying London Eye.
Online
2004