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The World of the Lindisfarne Gospels [electronic resource]

Filmed on location across England and Ireland, this program takes a close look at the Lindisfarne Gospels-a priceless work of art and one of Christianity's most enduring symbols of faith-and the historical and religious contexts in which it was created. Michelle Brown, curator of illuminated manuscripts at the British Library, explains who made it and why, presents new findings about its dating, and shows how it unites a remarkable range of motifs and styles from the Celtic Iron Age, Germanic prehistory, ancient and Christian Rome, Coptic Egypt, and Byzantium. A wealth of other devotional objects and images from early Christianity are also featured.
2006; 2003

A New Saint, a New Art [electronic resource]

St. Francis of Assisi revolutionized Christianity in 13th-century Tuscany with his down-to-earth belief that poverty, chastity, and obedience should shape an individual's relationship with God. By going back to Christ's original message, he played a pivotal role in the genesis of the Renaissance. This poignant program investigates how St. Francis's infusion of emotion and nature into the Christian mainstream inspired artists of the period to produce naturalistic depictions of him that were full of action and feeling. Interviews with Monsignor Timothy Verdon, art historian at Canon Florence Duomo; Franciscan Friar Maurice Richard; and Alexander Nagel, art historian at the University of Toronto, are featured.
2006; 2004

Medieval Spain [electronic resource]

This program uncovers medieval Spain's historical significance through four of its monasteries: Sant Pere Rodes Benedictine Monastery, Santes Creus Cistercian Monastery, Poblet Cistercian Monastery, and Miravet Templar Monastery and Castle. Dr. Francisco Sandoval, from the University of Madrid, and Father Jose Maria Recasens, from the Cistercian Monastery, discuss how the monasteries battled and defended the land against the advance of the invading Islamic army in the 10th century, and were key in preserving Western culture. Dramatizations of village and monastery life against the backdrop of real medieval towns illustrate a chapter in history that is generally unknown.
2006; 2002

In the Name of Christ [electronic resource]

This program examines the forces behind European determination to capture Palestine, linking the belligerence of medieval Crusaders with their piousness. Drs. Klaus Herbers of Friedrich Alexander University and Patrick Franke of Martin Luther University draw surprising parallels between East and West, focusing on martyrdom as a vital component of the Crusader's motivation, interreligious notions of knightly behavior, and cases of negotiation and cultural exchange despite numerous atrocities and military disasters. Without neglecting the harsh realities of the Crusades, In the Name of Christ presents a fresh perspective on the medieval clash of Christian and Islamic powers.
2006; 2004

Christian vs. Christian [electronic resource]

Outlining the provincial causes and ravaging effects of Europe's Thirty Years' War, this program illustrates the ability of religious fervor to inflame nationalism and drive the quest for power. With background on Martin Luther's split with the Catholic Church and the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Dr. Helmut Neuhaus of Friedrich Alexander University offers detailed analysis of the Hapsburg-Bohemian conflict, the shifting alliances of Catholics and Protestants, and the mercenary campaigns of Wallenstein-leading to a comparison with large-scale natural disaster. The program clearly identifies the three-decade inferno as an inspiration for later divisions of church and state.
2006; 2004

The Book of Kells [electronic resource]

The origins of the Book of Kells are uncertain; it was written and illustrated around the year 800, but the monastery where it originated has not been identified. It contains the Latin text of the four Gospels, with some pages in elaborate color; almost every page has brightly-colored birds and animals, and there are portraits of the four evangelists. This program not only shows but identifies the faces and figures and explains the flamboyant decoration and often witty symbolism.
2006; 1987

Inside the Medieval Mind [electronic resource]: Sex

Although rooted in religious misogyny and crude anatomical knowledge, the sexual mores of the medieval era were surprisingly complex. This program explores the attitudes and behaviors of a sexual culture that was by turns romantic, transactional, and perverse. Documents and historical accounts include the story of Christina of Markyate, who defied marital conventions and maintained a lifelong vow of chastity; the more passionate tale of Peter Abelard and Heloise d'Argenteuil, whose 12th-century love letters transcend the brutality of the age; and a list of intrusive questions compiled to help 11th-century priests steer parishioners away from promiscuity. Troubadour poetry and primitive views of menstruation and fertility are also discussed.
2010; 2008

Inside the Medieval Mind [electronic resource]: Belief

Founded in 1230, Scotland's Pluscarden Abbey still pulses with the prayers and spiritual pursuits of Benedictine monks. Abbot Hugh Gilbert describes their work in reassuringly human terms, framing the Christian battle against Satanic evil as an inner struggle within one's own psyche. But, as this program shows, the culture which brought Pluscarden into existence was rigidly institutional-and entrenched in the cosmology of heaven and hell. The film explores demonic possession and brushes with the afterlife, as recorded in documents of the period; the ways in which wealthy believers sought to "purchase" heavenly redemption; and the sanctity conferred upon the bones of martyrs and other religious relics.
2010; 2008

Pope Benedict XVI [electronic resource]: My Vatican

As Pope John Paul II's right-hand man and most influential theological advisor, Cardinal became known as "God's Rottweiler." Now, the world knows him as Pope Benedict XVI. No one understands the Vatican - where the Pope is absolute ruler and the official language is still Latin - better than he does. In this intimate documentary, he provides a first-hand glimpse into life there. From the archives of the Inquisition to the catacombs and museums, he guides viewers around to numerous locations inaccessible to the public. Many have never been filmed before. It's a fascinating insight into the world of the Pope.

Study of the Child Part 2 [electronic resource]: Theories of Development

Why would 300-year-old educational theories be of interest to teachers of young children today? This program features the ideas of early researchers and philosophers, showing how these pioneers laid the groundwork for modern concepts of elementary school instruction. Locke's opposition to rote memorization, Rousseau's belief in self-direction, the recognition of each child's individuality by Pestalozzi, and Froebel's creative preschool techniques are profiled, and offered as starting points for educators to develop their own framework for how best to interact with young students.

Believing [electronic resource]: Pilgrimage to Santiago

Goethe once said, "Europe was made on the pilgrim road to Compostela." Stretching from France to the Spanish town of Santiago de Compostela, where the cathedral is said to house the remains of James the Apostle, El Camino - or the Way of St. James - was the first great pilgrims' route. Millions made the long journey in an age when people rarely ventured beyond their village or town. Filmmaker Lina Moreco retraces their steps with her "pilgrim camera." She follows El Camino through the rolling landscape and ancient hill-towns of Galicia in a quest to understand the notion of faith in the closing days of the 20th century. Using the pilgrimage as a metaphor, this classic film explores the phenomenon of faith - in God and religion as well as in oneself. What are the wellsprings of faith? [...]

The Grand Invention [electronic resource]: Christianity

At the moment of Paul's conversion, the former persecutor of the Christians became one of the most avid defenders of the faith-and, in a way, the inventor of what came to be recognized as the Christian religion. Empowered by his revelatory vision, Paul acted independently to found the first Christian communities, but his efforts did not proceed smoothly. This program follows the travels and trials of Paul as he evangelized his way through the ancient world. In addition, Judaism and popular sects of paganism are considered within the context of early Christianity, the concept of Christian martyrdom is explored, and the transfiguration of Christianity from object of Roman persecution to state-sponsored religion of Rome is examined.
2007; 2006

Kill Them All [electronic resource]: Christian Crusaders Against Christian Heresy

After hundreds of years of ideological discord, one form of early Christianity, Roman Catholicism, defined itself as the only true version and began to eliminate all other versions. Using history as an analytical lens, this program looks at Christian heresy in the form of the Cathars, on the one hand, and the Apostolics, on the other-examples of two different types of alternative Christianity that were squelched in a similar way. Brutal military expeditions and the gruesome Inquisition effectively spelled the end of these schismatic sects' resistance. The commentary of Michel Roquebert, author of History of the Cathars, and historian Corrado Mornese is featured.
2007; 2006

The Pope and the People [electronic resource]

Two of the longest reigning popes held the office during a period of enormous upheaval throughout the world. This film examines the papacies of Pope Pius IX, and Pope Leo XIII, both of whom had to accept new secular, liberal states in favor of a pluralist society. One denounced these secular values, while the other tried to lead the Church into the 20th century in a spirit of progress, realistic diplomacy, and conciliation?