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Facing the Truth With Bill Moyers [electronic resource]

The years 1960 through 1994 were a time of terror in South Africa. With the destruction of the yoke of apartheid in 1994, South Africa has had to come to terms with its oppressive past: recrimination and punishment, or forgiveness? This compelling program describes the efforts of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to investigate human rights violations, to heal the country, and to help South Africa in its process of reinvention. Prize-winning journalist Bill Moyers and producer-director Gail Pellett speak with apartheid victims to hear their stories firsthand. Additional interviews with Nobel laureate and TRC architect Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former officers of state security, counterterrorists, and journalists-combined with footage of some of the most dramatic confrontat [...]
2005; 1999

Archbishop Desmond Tutu With Bill Moyers [electronic resource]

Renowned as a voice of conscience in apartheid South Africa, Archbishop Desmond Tutu-Nobel laureate and Chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)-has spent his life opposing his nation's discriminatory policies. In a powerful interview with prize-winning journalist Bill Moyers, this courageous Anglican prelate discusses his life and work and shares his thoughts on justice, truth, and forgiveness-so timely at the end of a century notorious for genocide and flagrant human rights violations. The Archbishop candidly describes his experiences during three years traveling the country to unflinchingly gather atrocity testimony. Archbishop Tutu and Mr. Moyers also discuss the TRC's international impact as a model and what America in particular can learn from South Africa's at [...]
2006; 1999

Chinua Achebe [electronic resource]: Africa's Voice

Things Fall Apart has been translated into 50 languages, has sold over 8 million copies, and is considered one of the 20th century's literary masterpieces. This program analyzes the impact Chinua Achebe and his writings have had on world literature, as well as his influence as an editor and a spokesman for a generation of African writers. Dr. Achebe, noted professors Abiola Irele and Gerald Graff, and Charles Larson, editor of the anthology Under African Skies, discuss the characterization, social implications, and levels of interpretation of Things Fall Apart. Vital concepts indigenous to the Ibos of southeastern Nigeria such as oral culture, reincarnation, and negotiation-concepts essential to a deep understanding of the novel-are also presented. This program is an indispensable su [...]
2005; 1999

Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the Rainbow Nation [electronic resource]

You'll never be free until we are free, said Archbishop Desmond Tutu to the white citizens of South Africa-and thanks to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, blacks and whites alike are finally free to put down the burden of guilt and come together as one people. This program follows a busy day in the life of Nobel Laureate Tutu in 1996, which begins with a tour through his Cape Town diocese and ends with a trip to Johannesburg to greet his mentor, Trevor Huddleston, on his return to South Africa. Can post-apartheid reforms outpace the daunting challenges still facing the Rainbow Nation?
2009; 1996

Dying to Be Free [electronic resource]: Zimbabwe's Struggle for Change

A portrait of the politics and history of Zimbabwe, this program traces Robert Mugabe's rise to power and depicts his 22-year dictatorship in a country where millions rely on food aid to survive, inflation is at 500 percent, and almost three quarters of the country's workforce is unemployed. Also included is rare footage that captures the demand for change and the popular support for the new opposition party, MDC, during the presidential election in 2002.
2006; 2003

Sudan [electronic resource]: Black Kingdoms of the Nile

A major gateway to sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan has seen the rise and fall of many powerful kingdoms and refined cultures-and the key to understanding these ancient civilizations lies in the multitude of archaeological treasures that dot the landscape and that are still buried beneath the sands. This program follows the trail of the young French naturalist and pioneer Frederic Cailliaud, whose account of his journey to Merowe in 1820 first sparked interest in Sudan. Excavations and artifacts provide insights into the way of life, beliefs, and accomplishments of the peoples who inhabited the region from Neolithic times onward.
2005; 1997

South Africa Journal [electronic resource]: Nation's Renewal

Nelson Mandela spoke of the past haunting the present. This program explores the rebirth of South Africa, demonstrating that a national history racked with oppression can guide and instruct those working for a better future. Studying the moving and provocative art of the apartheid era, the program also visits Robben Island, where Mandela was imprisoned, and examines Cape Town's historic District Six, which serves as a reminder of long-lost vitality and racial integration. The most illuminating scene, however, concerns a Cape Province vineyard that is home to the nation's first black-owned wine label, aptly named New Beginnings.
2005; 2003

Consequences of Conflict [electronic resource]

The consequences of armed conflict are complex and long-lasting. Using Zimbabwe, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan as points of departure, this program examines some of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of conflicts at the national and international levels. Topics include the pernicious phenomenon of child soldiers; the plight of refugees and internally displaced persons; thorny issues related to aid money and international assistance; the enduring scars of war on the landscape; the repercussions of ruined infrastructural elements such as power grids; and the unquantifiable losses-the what-could-have-beens-that inevitably occur when a nation's money is diverted from education and health care.
2010; 2009

Dark Passages [electronic resource]

In an investigation of the transatlantic slave trade, this program travels from the "Door of No Return" in the House of Slaves on Goree Island off the coast of Dakar, Senegal, to the village of Jufurreh on the Gambia River via interviews, slave narratives, and dramatization.

Nubia [electronic resource]

Once rivals and even rulers of Ancient Egypt, Nubian kingdoms dominated the eastern Sahara for millennia. In this program art historian Gus Casely-Hayford tours the ruins of Kerma and Meroe, two of Nubia's great capitals, to examine some of the cultural treasures these complex civilizations left behind: the remains of a vast worship center built 4,000 years ago, a temple to the god Amun, statues of the black pharaohs who founded Egypt's 25th Dynasty, and the spectacular group of more than 200 pyramids spread around the holy mountain of Jabel Barkal. Casely-Hayford also views a Neolithic rock art site, chants with mystics at a Sufi shrine, and visits Sudanese artisans to tell the story of a heritage that has stretched from prehistory to the modern day.
2011; 2009

West Africa [electronic resource]

A collection of extraordinary plaques, seized as loot during the colonial aggression that ended the powerful Benin Empire in 1897, depict life in the African kingdom's royal court at its height. In this program art historian Gus Casely-Hayford travels to legendary Timbuktu, the Great Mosque of Djenn, the Oba Royal Palace, and Dogon country to learn more about how the plaques were made and what they reveal about the continent's sophisticated pre-colonial civilizations. In addition, Casely-Hayford meets with local historians, village elders, and craftspeople from hereditary guilds still using an ancient mix of metallurgical skill and spiritual practice to create traditional works of art.
2011; 2009

Tunisia and Morocco [electronic resource]: The Struggle for North African Independence

The function of colonies to provide markets for the mother country and opportunities for her citizens is nowhere better illustrated than in French North Africa. Technically only protectorates, Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria were treated as colonies. In two world wars, North Africans died to save mother France; when France was occupied by Hitler, many Arabs sided with the Germans. Wiser North African leadership foresaw that a Nazi victory would not bring Arab independence. It did not take a major insurrection to secure freedom from a weakened France after the war-a different story from the one that occurred in Algeria.

Nelson Mandela [electronic resource]: The History of a Struggle

On July 12, 1964, a South African court sentenced Nelson Mandela to life imprisonment. This program covers his life and activities up to that time, the background against which they occurred, and the events in the struggle against apartheid that led to his release.

In Dogon Country [electronic resource]: Marcel Griaule's Journeys Through Africa

During the 1920s it became fashionable for European artists and intellectuals to profess an interest in Africa. But a young French anthropologist named Marcel Griaule wanted to do more than follow fashion. Between 1928 and 1933, he mounted two major expeditions-one to Ethiopia and another which crossed the continent from Dakar to Djibouti. The latter adventure lasted two years and offered new ways for Westerners to learn and think about Africa. As this film illustrates, it was during Griaule's second expedition that he befriended the Dogon people of West Africa. Although some of his conclusions about Dogon culture have met with controversy, Griaule's work created a new paradigm of anthropological field work and made immense contributions to modern ethnology. Presented by Griaule's gr [...]

Tobruk [electronic resource]

Maintaining control of the Libyan city of Tobruk was crucial to the Allied war effort; loss of the strategic Mediterranean port would shorten Axis supply lines. This classic program incorporates authentic WWII archival film footage and accounts from soldiers on both sides of the battleline in Tobruk.

Have You Seen Drum Recently? [electronic resource]: The Story of a Black Magazine in a White World

First published in South Africa during the 1950s, Drum magazine became a rallying point for black people as the anti-apartheid movement took shape. The publication, which featured liberal articles by such intellectuals as Lewis Nkosi, Can Themba, and Henry Nxumalo, gave voice to the movement, helping Nelson Mandela and his compatriots. Drum was more than a magazine - it was an expression of a new way of life. Among the highlights of this documentary is footage of the young Mandela and Oliver Tambo as they conduct political meetings and confrontations. The apartheid regime eventually closed the magazine down, but its legacy lives on to this day.

Lost Children [electronic resource]: Uganda's Youngest Soldiers

During its campaign of terror in northern Uganda, the Lord's Resistance Army has abducted thousands of children of the Acholi tribe and forced them to kill among their own people. This powerful, award-winning documentary examines the tragic aftermath of a brutal practice by following the lives of two boys and two girls between the ages of 8 and 14 who escape their captors. Their plight is seen in gritty detail; after years of witnessing and sometimes committing atrocities, the children return to their villages, mistrusted and often branded "killers" by their own families. The children are helped by social workers in their transition back to peace, but for many there is no going home.

Egypt's Golden Empire [electronic resource]: The Warrior Pharaohs

In 1560 B.C., Egypt was divided in two, its very existence under threat. This program follows the succession of rulers who were determined to unite Egypt and return it to its former glory. From the Theban prince Ahmose through the reign of Hatshepsut to the triumphs of Tuthmosis III, viewers will learn how a central Egyptian government eventually controlled a massive empire and enormous wealth.

Egypt's Golden Empire [electronic resource]: Pharaohs of the Sun

When Amenhotep III became pharaoh in 1390 B.C., Egypt had forged a vast empire-but it faced challenges from powerful new rivals. This program guides viewers through a period in Egyptian history that saw radical changes in both foreign and domestic policy-from the diplomacy and financial machinations of Amenhotep through the monotheism of Akhenaten to the brief reign of Tutankhamen.

Egypt's Golden Empire [electronic resource]: The Last Great Pharaoh

The reign of Ramesses the Great marked the high point of the New Kingdom and of Egyptian culture. But, as this program illustrates, the golden age of Egypt would not last forever. The film details Ramesses' victory over the Hittites at Kadesh and the propaganda he spun from it; his massive building projects, including his new capital, Per-Ramesses, and the temple at Abu Simbel; and the well-founded fear among his subjects that Egypt would die with him.