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Butterfly Effect (Season 1)
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1.

A Bus for Martin Luther King

Early 20th century in the U.S. South. Segregation against the black community is rife. The Ku Klux Klan, Jim Crow laws—all this finds form in daily life via ethnic separation in public places, schools, public transport, public drinking fountains, and on and on. In buses, for example, seats at the front are reserved for whites. Rosa Parks, a seamstress, lives in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, and has suffered from this social context ever since childhood. On December 1, 1955, she refuses to obey the driver of the bus she is on and give up her seat to a white passenger as laid down by the law. Arrested and jailed, she becomes the symbol of the Afro-American cause, and a young pastor, Martin Luther King, seizes on the event and starts a boycott of the city’s buses. Demonstrations, spe [...]
Online
2017; 2016
2.

Birth of Rock Music

U.S.A., the 1950s. A climate of racism pervades society —particularly in the South, where it is unthinkable that whites should listen to the same music as blacks. It is in this context that a new style of music appears. Afro-American rhythm and blues is adapted, and the result is rock ’n’ roll. However, for the moment, this music is mostly played by black artists for a black community. Then, in 1954, Elvis Presley walks through the door of the Sun Records studio. The young truck driver wants to give his mother a record as a present, so he records two songs, pays $4.00, and leaves with his record under his arm. Elvis Presley is spotted by the owner of Sun Records, enjoys a meteoric rise, and brings rock ’n’ roll to the wider, white American audience. After the United States, England g [...]
Online
2017; 2016
3.

Space Conquest

It’s the Cold War between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. The Soviet Union has a clear lead in the conquest of space. America fully understands all that is at stake politically on April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to make a journey into space. The news creates a huge impact around the world. The Soviet Union now appears to be the most advanced nation on the planet. Khrushchev announces swaggeringly: “The Capitalist countries are trying to catch up with us!” Since January 1961, John Fitzgerald Kennedy has been leading the U.S.A. He is an ardent supporter of the space program even though the accumulated delay behind the U.S.S.R. seems insurmountable... Then, on September 12, 1962, Kennedy makes a speech that becomes famous: “We choose to go to the Moon.” These words give a [...]
Online
2017; 2016
4.

The Internet: The Origins of the Web

In 1957 the Soviets launch the first artificial satellite into space. Now aware of their technological deficit, the Americans work on a number of programs, including one for computer networks for military use: the ARPA. A mathematician, Lawrence G. Roberts, develops the system into ARPAnet, which enables information to be exchanged between computers over the telephone network. At the end of the 1980s, the military part of ARPAnet is split off from the rest of the network, which opens up to individuals and businesses. In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee creates the World Wide Web, which makes navigation from one Internet page to another possible without typing in a single line of code. Better still, he provides access to the source codes of his creation. Now, nobody will ever be able to sell the [...]
Online
2017; 2016