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General Sir Frank Simpson

"Participants: Gen. Sir Frank Simpson, retiring commandant, British Imperial Defense College, interviewed by Larry Lesueur and Peter Dimick. Topics: Atomic weapons for defense; the Belgian Fabric National Rifle; Federal Republic of Germany and Great Britain in the European Defense Community; communists in Southeast Asia, Suez, India, Pakistan; and Anglo-American relations."--Longines Chronoscope Interviews, February 5, 1954 (200LW566).

Making the World Safe for Democracy [electronic resource]: Manifest Destiny

As the United States reshaped Manifest Destiny for use in the 20th century, the concept came to be equated not with conquest and expansion, but with the spread of American values and institutions. Focusing on World War I and the Russian Revolution, the section "A New World Order" traces the deflected trajectory of President Wilson's idealistic plan to export democracy - a plan that ended in compromises and broken dreams. "Containment," which begins with World War II, examines the spread of communism in Asia and U.S. opposition to it via the Kennan policy of containment and the Truman Doctrine. And "Quagmire" discusses how the Kennedy and Johnson administrations felt duty-bound to escalate American political and military involvement in Vietnam as a part of an ideological proxy war bet [...]

The Grand War of Civilizations [electronic resource]

For decades, Iraq was Saddam Hussein's sadistic stomping ground. Then it became George W. Bush's ideological battlefield. The pivot point was 9/11 and a perceived link between Saddam and al Qaeda, bringing calls for an invasion from top American and Western leaders. This program examines the consequences of that hasty decision-making process: misadventure on a grand scale, according to many observers, and an extremist backlash that engulfed Iraq in bloodshed. Viewers meet retired Major General James Marks, senior intelligence officer for coalition land forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom, and gain insight as to why the occupation and counter-insurgency faced so many problems. Events in both Fallujah and Baghdad are studied. Numerous accounts from victims of sectarian violence, ques [...]

Corporal Martin Webster [electronic resource]: Diary of a Disgraced Soldier

Corporal Martin Webster became publicly vilified when his cell phone footage of British soldiers beating young Iraqi civilians, accompanied by Webster's mocking voice-over, went viral in 2006. Even now Webster finds it hard to listen to his own insensitive comments, saying he was a different person when the video was made. This deeply personal documentary follows Webster for 18 months, starting from the day he left the army to cope with posttraumatic stress disorder and his own intense feelings of shame about the incident. Releasing and exploring his turbulent emotions through vitriolic video diaries, poetry, painting, and music, Webster embarks on a journey to tell the world his side of the story.

Conflict in the Modern World [electronic resource]: The Origins of World War I and World War II

This program looks at the world prior to World War I, the rise of Hitler, and the tensions leading to World War II to shed light on how major international conflicts begin. Students are provided with a historical outline of the powers of this time, the countries and key people involved, and an unfolding of events as they happened around the world.
2008; 2013

Iraq [electronic resource]: On the Brink

One year after its "liberation" by U.S. forces, Iraq had descended into chaos. The country's infrastructure was in a shambles, the death toll was still rising, and vast swathes of the country had become no-go areas for American troops. How did the situation deteriorate so quickly? Why did the cheering Iraqis who initially welcomed the Americans turn against them? This documentary, filmed in 2004 shortly after the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime, examines the reaction in Iraq to the American presence there; and while some Iraqis feel that "anything is better than Saddam," most cite the tragic civilian casualties and distrust of Western motives as fueling anger against the occupation.
2004; 2012

Iraq's Secret War Files [electronic resource]

After receiving a flash drive from the WikiLeaks organization containing nearly 400,000 secret military reports, the producers of British current events show "Dispatches" teamed up with the Bureau of Investigative Journalism to analyze the raw data. This documentary presents the results of their collaboration - findings which strongly suggest that U.S. troops in Iraq were killing more civilians than insurgents at checkpoints, that they killed people who were trying to surrender, and that even after the scandal of Abu Ghraib, U.S. soldiers continued to abuse prisoners while the Coalition turned a blind eye.
2010; 2012

The WPA Film Library [electronic resource]: Eleanor Roosevelt on the Korean War, 1950

Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in England, comments on war in Korea (saying it's to prevent war)

Breaking the Wall of War [electronic resource]: How Human Security Makes People Safe in a Global Era

In the age of globalization, traditional warfare, characterized by antagonism between states aimed at maximizing violence, is giving way to organized conflict in which global, local, public, and private actors pursue political goals using destabilizing terror tactics. In this video lecture from the 2011 Falling Walls Conference, Mary Kaldor introduces the idea of "new wars" and a new concept of human security which necessitates the reinterpretation of international peacekeeping as cosmopolitan law enforcement. Analyzing recent events in Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain, and Yemen; natural disasters like the Japanese earthquake; and less publicized events in countries such as Côte d'Ivoire, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kaldor highlights the growing security deficit tha [...]

Permission to Engage [electronic resource]: The Anguish of Civilian Casualties

On July 12, 2007, a U.S. airstrike on a public square in Baghdad killed or wounded at least 17 Iraqi civilians, including children and journalists. Disturbing communications between the Apache helicopters and their command center eventually surfaced on WikiLeaks, leading to the arrest of Army intelligence analyst Bradley Manning and producing outrage the world over. For Army specialist Ethan McCord, who had been among the first to arrive on foot after the attack, the incident led to a total reassessment of America's presence in Iraq and the use of such overwhelming firepower. For the families of those slain, no form of reparations would ever bring healing, not even personal apologies from McCord and another soldier. This film tells the story of the tragic incident using multiple pers [...]

Human Rights in the Occupied Territories [electronic resource]

The Oslo Accords provided for the creation of a Palestinian interim self-government, the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). The Palestinian Authority would have responsibility for the administration of the territory under its control. The Accords also called for the withdrawal of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) from parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank. This episode examines the efforts of field workers from two different but complementary human rights groups - one Palestinian, the other Israeli - in making this a reality. Hanan Ashrawi, a one-time Palestinian peace negotiator and head of a Palestinian human rights group is interviewed. Also featured are Allen Ginsberg's new poem "Peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina" read by the author himself, and a performance by the predominantly Aust [...]

Vietnam [electronic resource]: The Wandering Souls

Using war records, old maps, and other archival materials, two of Australia's Vietnam veterans have produced the first comprehensive account of where nearly 4,000 missing Vietnamese soldiers might be found. In a country where most families lost someone during the war, the enduring grief is not knowing where a loved one fell. Without that knowledge many Vietnamese believe their dead will wander endlessly and without peace. Reporting on the impact of the new revelations, this film also follows a third Australian veteran who has kept some powerful reminders of his time in combat-a journal, a book of poetry, and a scarf owned by one or more North Vietnamese soldiers. The journey to return the diary to its author's mother becomes an emotionally cathartic pilgrimage back to Vietnam, one th [...]

A&E Classroom: FDR - the Price of Peace [electronic resource]

This depiction of Franklin D. Roosevelt focuses on the war years, a time characterized by his reassuring "fireside chats.?

China's Nuclear Bomb [electronic resource]

In 1964 Mao Zedong's People's Republic became the fifth nation to test a nuclear weapon, changing the balance of power in eastern Asia, and the rest of the world, forever. Set against the backdrop of the developing Cold War, this documentary uses personal interviews and extraordinary archival footage in its dramatic account of the making of China's first atomic bomb. Acclaimed director Peter Du Cane weaves historical data with human logistics as he charts the construction of testing facilities, obtaining of materials, and recruitment of scientists - who couldn't tell their families about the top-secret project - while keeping the implications of global politics always in sight.

Truth and Lies: Watergate

A scandal surrounding the highest office in the United States shook the nation and ultimately led to the resignation of a president. This video shows exclusive interviews, photos, and footage related to the Nixon Watergate scandal.

A Bus for Martin Luther King

Early 20th century in the U.S. South. Segregation against the black community is rife. The Ku Klux Klan, Jim Crow laws—all this finds form in daily life via ethnic separation in public places, schools, public transport, public drinking fountains, and on and on. In buses, for example, seats at the front are reserved for whites. Rosa Parks, a seamstress, lives in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, and has suffered from this social context ever since childhood. On December 1, 1955, she refuses to obey the driver of the bus she is on and give up her seat to a white passenger as laid down by the law. Arrested and jailed, she becomes the symbol of the Afro-American cause, and a young pastor, Martin Luther King, seizes on the event and starts a boycott of the city’s buses. Demonstrations, spe [...]
2017; 2016

The American Dream

Written and produced by John Maggio and narrated by Academy Award-nominated actor Stanley Tucci, “The Italian Americans” explores the evolution of the Italian community, from “outsiders” in the late nineteenth viewed with suspicion and mistrust to some of the most prominent leaders of business, politics and the arts today. This film begins in postwar America, when Italian Americans moved to the suburbs and entered the middle-class. But even as crooners such as Frank Sinatra defined cool, they were haunted by accusations of Mafia ties reinforced in the media by Mario Puzo’s “The Godfather.” Over the next decades, Governor Mario Cuomo achieved success; Antonin Scalia became the first Italian American on the Supreme Court, and Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi was elected Speaker of the House [...]
2015; 2014

Why 1995 Is the Year That Created the Future

American University professor of journalism W. Joseph Campbell sat down with Reason TV's Nick Gillespie to discuss the decade of the 1990s in his new book, 1995: The Year the Future Began. From the dawn of the Internet to the post-Cold War complexities of foreign policy, the 1990s set the stage for the most enduring issues of the 21st century. A Reason TV production.
2016; 2015

The Space Shuttle: Flying for Me

This program is a thrill ride recaputuring the drama and excitement of human space flight, while documenting the achievements of the 30-year Space Shuttle program, including diversity of the astronaut corps, the Hubble Telescope, and the International Space Station.
2017; 2014

The Shah of Iran: Interview (11/14/77)

A 1977 interview with the Shah of Iran in which he discusses relations with the United States.
2017; 1977