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1.

Imperial Designs [electronic resource]

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Examines the profound consequences of Imperalism in the South African frontier, Brazil, China and Japan, where politics, culture, industrial capitalism, and the environment were shaped and re-shaped. Historian Patrick Manning discusses the relationship between the concept of empire and powerful, multinational corporations.
Online
2004
2.

Forbidden Wedding

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Hedir Antonio de Brito, a paraplegic from the age of fifteen, wanted simply to marry Elzimar Serafim, who was the love of his life. He had sent out wedding invitations and applied for a marriage certificate from the Roman Catholic Church. But forty days before the wedding, Hedir got an unexpected letter from the Catholic Church of Patrocinio, Brazil. His marriage application was denied on the grounds that as a paraplegic he could not copulate. This decision was based on the Vatican's Canon Law 1084. The filmmaker talked to the couple, their families, the local priests as well as people in their small Brazilian town. Many were afraid to speak their minds in the shadow of the Catholic Church, but they eventually expressed their outrage at a situation that put love and faith on opposite [...]
Online
2002
3.

Halting the Fires

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Directed by a Brazilian, Octavio Bezerra, Halting the Fires gives a socio/political framework to the devastation of the Amazon. Here, an area larger than the Netherlands is being burned each year. The Brazilian government, through Operation Amazon, has actually been supporting the exploitation of the natural resources. Many of the destructive activities, such as cattle ranching, are not economically viable without the subsidies the government provides. The film focuses on each of the groups - ranchers, miners, rubber tappers, loggers, Indians, and long term settlers - and shows how their activities affect the environment. It also documents the lawlessness that has characterized life on the jungle frontier.
Online
1991
4.

At the Edge of Conquest: The Journey of Chief Wai-Wai

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At the Edge of Conquest looks at the situation of the Waiapi Indians, a small, isolated tribe that came in contact with the outside world in the late 1970 s. Today they are threatened by invading gold miners, by the Brazilian government s recent proposal to reduce their land by 10%, and the state government s plan to construct a highway directly through their territory. But their strategy for survival has been effective: defend their lands from invasions while their leaders navigate the tricky waters of Brazilian politics. The film focuses on the charismatic leader, Chief Wai-Wai, as he travels from his remote village to Brazil s capitol, encountering for the first time airplanes, elevators, and skyscrapers. But the real barriers are not physical but bureaucratic and cultural. He doe [...]
Online
1992
5.

Contact: The Yanomami Indians of Brazil

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This documentary, shot in one of the most remote corners of the Brazilian Amazon, graphically depicts the devastating impact of contact with the outside world on an isolated indigenous tribe, the Yanomami Indians. They are considered to be the last major Stone Age people in the Amazon. Since 1987, as the result of the incursion of Brazilian gold miners, an estimated fifteen percent of the Yanomami Indians have died from malaria and related diseases to which they have little resistance. Further, the mining operations have polluted rivers and scared away game animals thereby destroying the Yanomami s traditional ecosystem. Although the Brazilian government is ostensibly trying to protect the Indians, such efforts are undermined by the fact that their mineral-rich ancestral land is cove [...]
Online
1991
6.

Defying Death in Brazil

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This gripping documentary is a portrait of one of the unsung heroes of the Brazilian Amazon. Father Ricardo Rezende's work defending the poor has so enraged cattle ranchers in the region that there have been several attempts against his life over the past two decades. In 1992 Father Rezende received the first annual "Chico Mendes Award." This in-depth profile explores the convictions of this dedicated priest while analyzing the larger questions of land conflicts and human rights abuses in the southern part of the state of Para, an area where slavery, land evictions and political murders have become a way of life. Clandestine sequences, shot at great risk, reveal the desperate feudal conditions faced by millions of landless peasants. This startling documentary provides a vivid depicti [...]
Online
1994
7.

Donkey Without a Tail

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Trash collecting may sound dismal, but in this film, shot in Rio de Janeiro, the people featured are undaunted, and proud of their survival skills. They make their living picking through trash in search of recyclable material and are popularly known as donkeys without a tail. This occupation traces its roots to the job of garrafeiro, or "bottle collector." Portuguese immigrants to Brazil made their living pushing wooden carts down the street to collect bottles (thus their nickname bears the allusion to pack animals.) The early immigrants sold only bottles and other containers that could be re-used. Today trash collectors work with a wide variety of materials; plastics, glass, iron, copper, paper, and cardboard. By following the daily route of five of these energetic collectors we com [...]
Online
2006
8.

Brazil: An Inconvenient History

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While everyone knows of the history of slavery in the USA, few people realize that Brazil was actually the largest participant in the slave trade. Forty percent of all slaves that survived the Atlantic crossing were destined for Brazil, while only 4 % were sent to the U.S. At one time half of the population of Brazil were slaves. It was the last country to officially abolish slavery (1888) and one of the ex-slaves is still alive today. This well- researched BBC production charts Brazil s history using original texts, letters, accounts and decrees. From these original sources, we learn firsthand about the brutality of the slave traders and slave owners, and the hardship of plantation life. With the Portugese colony of Angola acting as a "factory" supplying Africans to Brazil, it was c [...]
Online
2001
9.

Coffee: A Sackful of Power

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Coffee ranks second only to oil as the most important raw material on the world market. It has shaped the economies, history and social structure of a large part of Latin America. Composed of archival photographs, old newsreels and penetrating interviews, this documentary takes a broad view of the influence of coffee through the ages. First introduced in the eighteenth century, coffee is now the most popular drink in the world after water. South America supplies 66% of the world production, although most of the profits go to traders and speculators outside the region. The film explains the difference between the Brazilian and Costa Rican system of production, and why the Brazilian system has led to such poverty. Mechanization of farms has thrown many rural laborers out of work, an ex [...]
Online
1999
10.

Daughters of the Canopy

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This vibrant film focuses on the struggles and successes of two local women's groups fighting to preserve their land, forests, and way of life in Brazil's Amazon region. The women combine scientific study, political advocacy, and grassroots activism to save their communities fields and forests from ranchers and loggers and to improve their standard of living. The farmers in Quinandeua invited Dr. Patricia Shanley, an American ethno-botanist from the Woods Hole Research Center, to educate the community about the use of non-timber forest products. As one villager says, "she showed us the value of the forest, that wood and fruit are both important." They have become aware that the forests must stay intact for fruits and herbs to be harvested for food and medicine. Through their particip [...]
Online
2004
11.

Amazon Journal

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Geoffrey O'Connor, the filmmaker of Contact and At The Edge of Conquest has produced this fascinating chronicle of recent political events in the Brazilian Amazon. Beginning with the assassination of Chico Mendes in 1988 and ending with a return trip to Yanomami Territory in 1995, this six year journey provides an illuminating perspective on the volatile changes of this era. Besides documenting events, O'Connor analyzes the complex interaction between semi-isolated indigenous societies and "outsiders." In collaboration with Brazilian anthropologist Alcida Ramos, he explores the return of the "noble savage phenomena", wherein outsiders created misleading illusions about Indian societies. This cultural confusion explains many of the region s tragic events. This insightful look at the A [...]
Online
1995
12.

The Korubo People of Amazonia [electronic resource]

This program documents a visit by Brazilian government officials to the Korubo people, hunter/gatherers of the Javari River Valley. Transcending a history of mutual distrust and violence with other groups, especially Caucasians, the Korubo warm to the camera team after receiving medical help for their malaria-stricken leader. The team's unprecedented access leads to breathtaking, revelatory footage of Korubo hunting and fishing techniques, hygienic practices, and sophisticated technology hand-wrought from vegetation. The program underlines the importance of Brazil's Fondacao Nacional do Indio policy that protects Korubo land, and in so doing, protects the Korubo themselves.
Online
2006; 2004
13.

Northeast Brazil [electronic resource]: Globe Trekker

Ian Wright travels through the north east of Brazil. This Globe Trekker episode follows him from Salvador, the colonial capital of Bahia, where he samples the famous Brazilian coffee and participates in Capoeira, a traditional martial art combining ballet and acrobatics, into the interior of Brazil. Ian explores the Chapada Diamantina National Park near Lencois, joins a traditional wedding ceremony for the great Brazilian football legend, Pele. Travelling up the coast, Ian visits the multi-colored sandhills of Morro Branco, where intricate sand paintings are made. He joins in the party at a carnival in Fortaleza and stops off at the isolated fishing village of Jericoacoara, where he stays with a Brazilian family. The final leg of Ian's trip takes him to the mouth of the Amazon, and t [...]
Online
1996
14.
E2

E2: Growing Energy [electronic resource]

In response to the oil crisis of the 1970s, Brazil created a domestic ethanol industry that is now thriving on all levels-from production to distribution at gas stations to nationwide adoption of flex-fuel cars. As a result, Brazil has become energy self-sufficient as a nation. This program examines what America can learn from Brazil's agri-industrial success and asks: is the system really applicable outside Brazil and to what degree can the rest of the world emulate it?
Online
2007
15.

Brazil [electronic resource]: A South American Journey, With Jonathan Dimbleby

Nowhere is evidence of the economic boom in South America more apparent than in Brazil, but in this program Jonathan Dimbleby finds the road to riches is paved with dilemmas for both Brazil and the wider world. In the Amazon, architects and cattle ranchers are grappling with environmental tension. On the coast, descendants of runaway slaves are fighting to protect their land from the expansion of a satellite launch facility. And in Rio, Dimbleby joins the commander of a new police force as they seek to pacify the slums ruled by the law of the drug lords.
Online
2011; 2013
16.

Brazil [electronic resource]

In this program, Jimmy Doherty goes to Brazil, where he discovers how to turn poisoned land into a powerhouse of world food production, joins sugarcane cutters to see how the country has replaced half of its gasoline use with biofuel, and finds a way to save caimans from poachers. In the Amazon, Jimmy meets an unlikely cattle rancher who claims he can save the rain forest.
Online
2009
17.

Sao Paulo [electronic resource]

Every week, over one million people around the world move from the country to the city in search of better jobs, education, infrastructure and resources. But can all those dreams come true? Urban Future is a voyage of discovery through the megacities of our new millennium, showing how people take initiative to improve their lives and launch projects to shape their homes and neighborhoods. In Sao Paulo we meet a young man who recruits kids off the street in the worst drug neighborhood in town and gets them to decorate the streets with him.
Online
2013
18.

Out of Africa [electronic resource]

Michael Palin's Brazilian odyssey begins in the North East, where modern Brazil was born. He starts in the city of Sao Luis before traveling down the coast to Recife and Salvador, dropping in on the vaqueros - Brazilian Cowboys - who work on vast cattle ranches. His travels also take him south to the stunning coastal lagoons of the Lencois Maranhenses national park. In Salvador he learns to drum with the famous Olodum school and has a lesson in how to cook Bahian-style, before finding out what lies behind the beguiling moves of Capoeria dancers.
Online
2012
19.

Into Amazonia [electronic resource]

Michael Palin travels on several rivers through the very heart of Amazonia. He meets the Yanomami tribe, and talks to their spokesperson about the threats to their way of life. He visits the magnificent Manaus Opera House, and samples some exotic Amazonian foods in Belem at the mouth of the Amazon. Traveling ever southwards to the upper reaches of the Xingu river he is welcomed to the Wauja tribe, one of the most colorful of all the Brazilian indigenous peoples. This leg of his journey ends in the capital Brasilia, where Michael meets up with rock star and political activist Dinho Ouro Preto. Contains nudity associated with indigenous cultures.
Online
2012
20.

The Road to Rio [electronic resource]

On The Road to Rio, Michael visits the source of Brazil's great mineral wealth - the state of Minas Gerais and its giant mines. Here, he meets some ordinary Brazilians dedicated to preserving the natural beauty of the state. On to Rio De Janeiro, host to the next Olympics and World Cup. Rio has always been a party town, but it's also blighted by drugs and gang violence. Michael learns how the authorities are hoping to bring the favelas back into the city. He also books a room in one of the city's famous 'love hotels' and attends the Gay Pride parade.
Online
2012