Item Details

Radical Arab Nationalism and Political Islam

Lahouari Addi ; translated by Anthony Roberts
Format
Book
Published
Washington, D.C. : Georgetown University Press : Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, [2017]
Language
English
French (translated from)
ISBN
9781626164499, 1626164495, 9781626164505, 1626164509, 9781626164512
Summary
Radical Arab nationalism emerged in the modern era as a response to European political and cultural domination, culminating in a series of military coups in the mid-20th century in Egypt, Algeria, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya. This movement heralded the dawn of modern, independent nations that would close the economic, social, scientific, and military gaps with the West while building a unity of Arab nations. But this dream failed. In fact, radical Arab nationalism became a barrier to civil peace and national cohesion, most tragically demonstrated in the case of Syria, for two reasons: 1) national armies militarized nationalism and its political objectives; 2) these nations did not keep pace with the intellectual and political and cultural and social progress of European nations that offered, for example, freedom of speech and thought. It was the failure of radical Arab nationalism, Addi contends, that made the more recent political Islam so popular. But if radical nationalism militarized politics, the Islamists politicized religion. Today, the prevailing medieval interpretation of Islam, defended by the Islamists, prevents these nations from making progress and achieving the kind of social justice that radical Arab nationalism once promised. Will political Islam fail, too? Can nations ruled by political Islam accommodate modernity? Their success or failure, Addi writes, depends upon this question.
Contents
  • Origins and perspectives of Arab nationalism : The emergence and development of Arab nationalism. Wahhabism as a proto-nationalism
  • Liberal nationalism in Egypt
  • From liberal Arabism to radical Arab nationalism
  • The ideological limitations of radical Arab nationalism. Radical Arab nationalism against the market
  • Populism against society
  • Economism as a response to cultural crisis
  • Nationalism and nation. The militarization of politics
  • The aggressive nature of nationalism
  • What is a nation if its people are not sovereign?
  • The ideological and political dynamics of Islamism : Islamism as cultural representation and ideological will. The cultural roots of Islamism
  • The making of Islamist ideology : Sayyid Qutb and Abul A'la Mawdudi
  • Toward post-Islamism?
  • Islamism and democracy. Democracy and political participation
  • The Al Hakimiyya li Allah slogan
  • The question of Sharia
  • The ideological and political perspectives of Islamism. The cultural heterogeneity of contemporary Arab society
  • Al-nahda, Sufism, and Islamism
  • Eventful regression.
Description
xii, 275 pages ; 24 cm
Notes
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic

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    a| Origins and perspectives of Arab nationalism : The emergence and development of Arab nationalism. Wahhabism as a proto-nationalism -- Liberal nationalism in Egypt -- From liberal Arabism to radical Arab nationalism -- The ideological limitations of radical Arab nationalism. Radical Arab nationalism against the market -- Populism against society -- Economism as a response to cultural crisis -- Nationalism and nation. The militarization of politics -- The aggressive nature of nationalism -- What is a nation if its people are not sovereign? -- The ideological and political dynamics of Islamism : Islamism as cultural representation and ideological will. The cultural roots of Islamism -- The making of Islamist ideology : Sayyid Qutb and Abul A'la Mawdudi -- Toward post-Islamism? -- Islamism and democracy. Democracy and political participation -- The Al Hakimiyya li Allah slogan -- The question of Sharia -- The ideological and political perspectives of Islamism. The cultural heterogeneity of contemporary Arab society -- Al-nahda, Sufism, and Islamism -- Eventful regression.
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    a| Radical Arab nationalism emerged in the modern era as a response to European political and cultural domination, culminating in a series of military coups in the mid-20th century in Egypt, Algeria, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya. This movement heralded the dawn of modern, independent nations that would close the economic, social, scientific, and military gaps with the West while building a unity of Arab nations. But this dream failed. In fact, radical Arab nationalism became a barrier to civil peace and national cohesion, most tragically demonstrated in the case of Syria, for two reasons: 1) national armies militarized nationalism and its political objectives; 2) these nations did not keep pace with the intellectual and political and cultural and social progress of European nations that offered, for example, freedom of speech and thought. It was the failure of radical Arab nationalism, Addi contends, that made the more recent political Islam so popular. But if radical nationalism militarized politics, the Islamists politicized religion. Today, the prevailing medieval interpretation of Islam, defended by the Islamists, prevents these nations from making progress and achieving the kind of social justice that radical Arab nationalism once promised. Will political Islam fail, too? Can nations ruled by political Islam accommodate modernity? Their success or failure, Addi writes, depends upon this question.
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