Item Details

Understanding Stone Tools and Archaeological Sites

by Brian P. Kooyman
Format
Book
Published
Calgary : University of Calgary Press ; Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press, 2000.
Language
English
ISBN
1552380211 (pbk.), 1552380351 (bound), 0826323332 (softcover), 0826323006 (hardcover)
Contents
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to Lithic Analysis 1
  • 1.1 Early History of Lithic Studies 4
  • Chapter 2. Manufacturing Techniques and Brittle Material Fracture Mechanics 9
  • 2.2 Manufacturing Techniques 9
  • 2.2.1 Flaking 12
  • 2.2.2 Techniques to produce stone tools by flaking 16
  • 2.2.3 Basic flake types 18
  • 2.3 Fracture Mechanics 20
  • 2.3.1 Fracture initiation and the Hertzian cone 20
  • 2.4 Analysis Implementation 24
  • Chapter 3. General Lithic Types 25
  • 3.2 Silicate Minerals 26
  • 3.3 Rocks 30
  • 3.3.1 Igneous rock classification 30
  • 3.3.2 Separating igneous rocks in hand specimen 32
  • 3.3.3 Sedimentary rock classification 34
  • 3.3.4 Metamorphic rocks 36
  • 3.4 Analysis Implementation 37
  • Chapter 4. Sourcing Lithic Materials 39
  • 4.2 Sourcing by Non-Chemical Methods: Some Examples 39
  • 4.3 Chemical Sourcing 40
  • 4.3.1 Main problems with chemical sourcing analysis 42
  • 4.4 Analysis Implementation 43
  • Chapter 5. Lithic Reduction Strategies and Techniques 45
  • 5.2 Conceptual Models 46
  • 5.3 Reduction Stage Analysis 51
  • 5.3.1 Reduction stages 51
  • 5.3.2 Practical approaches to analysis 55
  • 5.3.3 Determining platform boundaries and scar counts 60
  • 5.3.4 Mass analysis 62
  • 5.4 Ground Stone Tool Reduction Stage Analysis 64
  • 5.5 Heat Treatment of Lithic Material 65
  • 5.6 Analysis Implementation 68
  • Chapter 6. Survey of Worldwide Lithic Technology 69
  • 6.2 Lower Paleolithic 69
  • 6.3 Middle Paleolithic 73
  • 6.4 Upper Paleolithic 74
  • 6.5 Mesolithic and Neolithic 75
  • Chapter 7. Introduction to the Study of Lithic Production Variables 77
  • 7.2 Manufacturing Techniques: Flintknappers' Experience 78
  • 7.3 Controlled Scientific Experiments in Lithic Production Variables 81
  • 7.3.1 Overall flake form 81
  • Objective piece surface geometry 81
  • Initiation type 82
  • Exterior platform angle 83
  • Platform thickness 84
  • 7.3.2 Other observations 84
  • 7.4 Flintknappers' Replication Studies 85
  • 7.5 Analysis Implementation 89
  • Chapter 8. Meaning of Form in Lithic Tools 91
  • 8.1 Types of Form 91
  • 8.2 Functional Tool Types 99
  • 8.2.1 Fabricators 99
  • 8.2.2 Reduction stage tools 100
  • 8.2.3 Finished tool types: General 100
  • 8.2.4 Finished tool types: Specific 101
  • 8.3 Analysis Implementation 105
  • Chapter 9. Northern Plains Stone Tool Cultural History 107
  • 9.2 Clovis 107
  • 9.3 Goshen-Plainview 110
  • 9.4 Folsom 111
  • 9.5 Agate Basin 113
  • 9.6 Hell Gap 114
  • 9.7 Alberta 115
  • 9.8 Cody Complex 115
  • 9.9 Late Paleoindian Parallel-Oblique Complex 118
  • 9.10 Mummy Cave/Early Plains Archaic 119
  • 9.11 Oxbow 120
  • 9.12 McKean 121
  • 9.13 Pelican Lake 122
  • 9.14 Besant/Sonata 123
  • 9.15 Avonlea 124
  • 9.16 Old Women's/Late Side Notched 125
  • 9.16.1 Characteristic lithic tools 125
  • 9.16.2 Lithic technology 127
  • Chapter 10. Wider Applications of Lithic Analysis 129
  • 10.2 Site Type and Settlement Patterns 129
  • 10.3 Intra-Site Patterning: Activity Areas 133
  • 10.4 Refitting Analysis 135
  • 10.5 Sourcing: Defining Contact, Exchange, and Material Transportation 136
  • 10.6 Style and Technology 149
  • Chapter 11. Lithic Usewear and Residue Analysis 151
  • 11.2 Historical Development 151
  • 11.3 Results 153
  • 11.3.1 Microchipping 153
  • 11.3.2 Micropolish 156
  • 11.3.3 Striations 159
  • 11.3.4 Residues 161
  • 11.4 Analysis Implementation 164
  • Chapter 12. Approaches to Analysis and Concluding Remarks 167.
Description
vii, 206 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (p. 179-195) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic

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    a| Understanding stone tools and archaeological sites / c| by Brian P. Kooyman.
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    a| vii, 206 p. : b| ill. ; c| 24 cm.
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    a| Includes bibliographical references (p. 179-195) and index.
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    g| Chapter 1. t| Introduction to Lithic Analysis g| 1 -- g| 1.1 t| Early History of Lithic Studies g| 4 -- g| Chapter 2. t| Manufacturing Techniques and Brittle Material Fracture Mechanics g| 9 -- g| 2.2 t| Manufacturing Techniques g| 9 -- g| 2.2.1 t| Flaking g| 12 -- g| 2.2.2 t| Techniques to produce stone tools by flaking g| 16 -- g| 2.2.3 t| Basic flake types g| 18 -- g| 2.3 t| Fracture Mechanics g| 20 -- g| 2.3.1 t| Fracture initiation and the Hertzian cone g| 20 -- g| 2.4 t| Analysis Implementation g| 24 -- g| Chapter 3. t| General Lithic Types g| 25 -- g| 3.2 t| Silicate Minerals g| 26 -- g| 3.3 t| Rocks g| 30 -- g| 3.3.1 t| Igneous rock classification g| 30 -- g| 3.3.2 t| Separating igneous rocks in hand specimen g| 32 -- g| 3.3.3 t| Sedimentary rock classification g| 34 -- g| 3.3.4 t| Metamorphic rocks g| 36 -- g| 3.4 t| Analysis Implementation g| 37 -- g| Chapter 4. t| Sourcing Lithic Materials g| 39 -- g| 4.2 t| Sourcing by Non-Chemical Methods: Some Examples g| 39 -- g| 4.3 t| Chemical Sourcing g| 40 -- g| 4.3.1 t| Main problems with chemical sourcing analysis g| 42 -- g| 4.4 t| Analysis Implementation g| 43 -- g| Chapter 5. t| Lithic Reduction Strategies and Techniques g| 45 -- g| 5.2 t| Conceptual Models g| 46 -- g| 5.3 t| Reduction Stage Analysis g| 51 -- g| 5.3.1 t| Reduction stages g| 51 -- g| 5.3.2 t| Practical approaches to analysis g| 55 -- g| 5.3.3 t| Determining platform boundaries and scar counts g| 60 -- g| 5.3.4 t| Mass analysis g| 62 -- g| 5.4 t| Ground Stone Tool Reduction Stage Analysis g| 64 -- g| 5.5 t| Heat Treatment of Lithic Material g| 65 -- g| 5.6 t| Analysis Implementation g| 68 -- g| Chapter 6. t| Survey of Worldwide Lithic Technology g| 69 -- g| 6.2 t| Lower Paleolithic g| 69 -- g| 6.3 t| Middle Paleolithic g| 73 -- g| 6.4 t| Upper Paleolithic g| 74 -- g| 6.5 t| Mesolithic and Neolithic g| 75 -- g| Chapter 7. t| Introduction to the Study of Lithic Production Variables g| 77 -- g| 7.2 t| Manufacturing Techniques: Flintknappers' Experience g| 78 -- g| 7.3 t| Controlled Scientific Experiments in Lithic Production Variables g| 81 -- g| 7.3.1 t| Overall flake form g| 81 -- t| Objective piece surface geometry g| 81 -- t| Initiation type g| 82 -- t| Exterior platform angle g| 83 -- t| Platform thickness g| 84 -- g| 7.3.2 t| Other observations g| 84 -- g| 7.4 t| Flintknappers' Replication Studies g| 85 -- g| 7.5 t| Analysis Implementation g| 89 -- g| Chapter 8. t| Meaning of Form in Lithic Tools g| 91 -- g| 8.1 t| Types of Form g| 91 -- g| 8.2 t| Functional Tool Types g| 99 -- g| 8.2.1 t| Fabricators g| 99 -- g| 8.2.2 t| Reduction stage tools g| 100 -- g| 8.2.3 t| Finished tool types: General g| 100 -- g| 8.2.4 t| Finished tool types: Specific g| 101 -- g| 8.3 t| Analysis Implementation g| 105 -- g| Chapter 9. t| Northern Plains Stone Tool Cultural History g| 107 -- g| 9.2 t| Clovis g| 107 -- g| 9.3 t| Goshen-Plainview g| 110 -- g| 9.4 t| Folsom g| 111 -- g| 9.5 t| Agate Basin g| 113 -- g| 9.6 t| Hell Gap g| 114 -- g| 9.7 t| Alberta g| 115 -- g| 9.8 t| Cody Complex g| 115 -- g| 9.9 t| Late Paleoindian Parallel-Oblique Complex g| 118 -- g| 9.10 t| Mummy Cave/Early Plains Archaic g| 119 -- g| 9.11 t| Oxbow g| 120 -- g| 9.12 t| McKean g| 121 -- g| 9.13 t| Pelican Lake g| 122 -- g| 9.14 t| Besant/Sonata g| 123 -- g| 9.15 t| Avonlea g| 124 -- g| 9.16 t| Old Women's/Late Side Notched g| 125 -- g| 9.16.1 t| Characteristic lithic tools g| 125 -- g| 9.16.2 t| Lithic technology g| 127 -- g| Chapter 10. t| Wider Applications of Lithic Analysis g| 129 -- g| 10.2 t| Site Type and Settlement Patterns g| 129 -- g| 10.3 t| Intra-Site Patterning: Activity Areas g| 133 -- g| 10.4 t| Refitting Analysis g| 135 -- g| 10.5 t| Sourcing: Defining Contact, Exchange, and Material Transportation g| 136 -- g| 10.6 t| Style and Technology g| 149 -- g| Chapter 11. t| Lithic Usewear and Residue Analysis g| 151 -- g| 11.2 t| Historical Development g| 151 -- g| 11.3 t| Results g| 153 -- g| 11.3.1 t| Microchipping g| 153 -- g| 11.3.2 t| Micropolish g| 156 -- g| 11.3.3 t| Striations g| 159 -- g| 11.3.4 t| Residues g| 161 -- g| 11.4 t| Analysis Implementation g| 164 -- g| Chapter 12. t| Approaches to Analysis and Concluding Remarks g| 167.
    596
      
      
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