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Teachers' Perceptions of the Use of Student Learning Measures in Teacher Evaluation: An Examination of the Use of Student Growth Percentiles in Virginia

Irani, Michael
Format
Thesis/Dissertation; Online
Author
Irani, Michael
Advisor
Tucker, Pamela
Abstract
Current educational reform for public K-12 schools has focused on revising teacher evaluation policies and practices. One of the chief revisions has been an emphasis on student learning measures as part of a teacher’s summative evaluation. This study examines the perceptions of teachers in Virginia in regards to using one type of student learning measure, student growth percentiles, in a teacher’s evaluation. The study gathered teachers’ attitudes toward the practice as it relates to the areas of propriety, utility, and accuracy, three of the four standards that are delineated in The Personnel Evaluation Standards (Gullickson, 2009). A survey based on these three standards was designed and both closed and open ended responses were collected from 150 teachers in the Commonwealth. Results of the study indicate that teachers have a negative attitude toward the use of student growth percentiles in a teacher’s evaluation in all three domains. Teachers were particularly concerned about the accuracy of using student growth percentiles in a teacher’s evaluation primarily because they feel the practice does not allow for the accounting of outside influences on students’ achievement on standardized tests among other factors. Teachers also expressed considerable concern about the potential negative impact on collegiality in a school that used student growth percentiles. These broad findings along with others are discussed in this study and are used to provide recommendations for practice and further research. Recommendations for further practice include improving the accuracy and fairness of the practice, communicating how student growth percentiles are used more clearly, and considering the possible impact of student learning measures on a school’s culture. Recommendations for further research include increasing the sample size of participants, analyzing how other types of student learning measures are perceived, and exploring specific ways in which student growth percentiles are used in the supervisory process with teachers.
Published
University of Virginia, Curry School of Education, EDD, 2014
Published Date
2014-03-19
Degree
EDD
Rights
All rights reserved (no additional license for public reuse)
Collection
Libra ETD Repository

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