Item Details

Found in Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection circa 1800-circa 1998 bulk 1863-1974

series
Series VI. Alphabetical files
inclusive1860/1966circa 1860-circa 1966
bulk1940/1956bulk 1940-1956
Digital Repository PIDViU-HUSuva-lib:2229293
Boxbox58-61
4 boxes

Series VI. Alphabetical files primarily consists of materials that Philip Showalter Hench created or collected while researching the yellow fever experiments. Items in this series date from around 1860 to around 1966 with the bulk of the items dating from 1940 to 1956. All of these items have been arranged thematically into biographical files. Each file contains materials created by or relating to people who were either involved with the yellow fever experiments or aided Philip Showalter Hench in his research of the subject. These people include, but are not limited to: John J. Moran, Carlos E. Finlay, Laura Wood Roper, Mabel Lazear, Clara Maas, John R. Kissinger, Roger Post Ames, James C. Carroll, and Carlos J. Finlay. The files are arranged alphabetically by the last names of the individuals listed on the files and it is unclear whether the overall arrangement was made by Hench or by staff members at the University of Virginia. The biographical files contain a wide range of different materials that pertain to the individuals listed on the files. These materials include, but are not limited to the following:

    simple
  • correspondence between Philip Showalter Hench and the individuals;
  • other correspondence;
  • newspaper and magazine clippings;
  • unpublished manuscripts;
  • biographical and autobiographical accounts;
  • transcripts of oral history interviews that were conducted by Philip Showalter Hench;
  • and copies of medical charts for volunteers in the yellow fever experiments that shows the progression of the disease.

In addition to the materials that Hench created or collected during his lifetime, the biographical files in Series VI. also contain items that were added by staff at the University of Virginia Library during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

external
655aatarticles
655aatbiographies (documents)
655aatcertificates
655aatclippings (information artifacts)
655aatdiaries
655aatenvelopes
655aatletters (correspondence)
655aatmanuscripts (document genre)
655aatmedical records
655aatmemorandums
655aatnotes
655aatnewspapers
655aatobituaries
655aatoral histories (document genres)
655aatpamphlets
655aatphotographs
655aatpostage stamps
655aatreports
655aatrésumés (personnel record)
655aattelegrams
655aattimelines (chronologies)

Biographical information relating to Aristides Agramonte circa 1920-1940

Timeline of Aristides Agramonte's service with the Army Medical Corps circa 1900-1940

This document outlines Agramonte's career; from April 18, 1898 to June 15, 1903.

Curriculum Vitae of Aristides Agramonte circa 1904-1940

This document provides a brief overview of Agramonte in terms of his family, public offices in the U.S., professional memberships, and original articles published.

Datos Biograficos del Aristides Agramonte y Simoni circa 1930-1950

This document, primarily in Spanish, provides an overview of Agramonte in terms of his family, work history, professional conferences attended, professional memberships, and original articles published, from 1894-1926.

Correspondence between Aristides Agramonte and John C. Hemmeter 1913

The correspondence concerns Agramonte's belief that he had been injured by Hemmeter's book on James Carroll.

Materials relating to Estela Agramonte de Rodriguez Leon circa 1941-1950

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Estela Agramonte Rodriguez Leon November 10, 1947

Hench mentions the lack of cooperation by Cuban doctors in memorializing Camp Lazear. He notes that he has been able to obtain research materials from the Reed and Lazear families, but little from the Carroll family, and he is pleased that Rodriguez Leon has assembled her father's papers.

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Estela Agramonte Rodriguez Leon February 12, 1948

Hench writes that he is looking forward to examining Agramonte's papers. Hench wants the original records in order to reveal the true story behind the yellow fever experiments.

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Estela Agramonte Rodriguez Leon April 15, 1948

Hench writes about returning Agramonte's papers to her and informing Kean, Truby and Lawrence Reed about important points which the papers clarify. He informs her about his success in lobbying the Cuban government for funds to preserve Building No. 1.

Materials relating to Roger Post Ames circa 1942-1950

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Jessie Daniel Ames February 4, 1942

Hench requests to borrow Roger Ames' papers and photographs for the purposes of his research.

Letter from Jessie Daniel Ames to Philip Showalter Hench February 12, 1942

Mrs. Ames will send Hench the data concerning her husband. She includes a list of pamphlets in her possession regarding yellow fever.

Letter from Jessie Daniel Ames to Philip Showalter Hench circa February 12, 1942

Mrs. Ames lists pamphlets in her possession regarding yellow fever.

Correspondence between Philip Showalter Hench and Mrs. George S.H. Carroll circa 1952-1954

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Mrs. George Carroll December 3, 1953

Hench requests permission to examine the material concerning her late father-in-law, James Carroll. He hopes to meet with her during his next trip to Washington, D.C.

Letter from Mrs. George Carroll to Philip Showalter Hench February 4, 1954

Mrs. Carroll informs Hench that she is unable to go through the records of James Carroll. She will be unavailable to meet with Hench the next time he is in Washington, D.C.

Materials relating to Robert Page Cooke circa 1942-1954

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Robert P. Cooke December 1, 1944

Hench asks Cooke to identify people in a photograph taken at Camp Lazear. He includes a letter from Truby to Hench in which Truby identifies the people.

Letter from Albert E. Truby to Philip Showalter Hench October 3, 1944

Truby identifies the men in a photograph taken at Camp Lazear.

Letter from Robert P. Cooke to Philip Showalter Hench December 16, 1944

Cooke attempts to identify people in the group photograph that Hench believes was taken at Camp Lazear.

Materials relating to Thomas M. England circa 1943-1946

Obituary for Thomas M. England in the Journal of the American Medical Association September 4, 1943

This obituary, which appeared in the "Journal of the American Medical Association," discusses the career of England - an original yellow fever experiment volunteer.

Materials relating to L.O. Howard circa 1946-1948

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Lucy T. Howard August 17, 1946

Hench is trying to locate correspondence between L.O. Howard and the yellow fever investigators at various U.S. government agencies. He inquires if Lucy Howard has any of her father's papers at the family home.

Letter from Lucy T. Howard to Philip Showalter Hench August 30, 1946

Howard informs Hench that she cannot find any correspondence between her father and Lazear.

Letter from Lucy T. Howard to Philip Showalter Hench October 23, 1946

Howard informs Hench that she has found important letters written by Reed and Kelly and will send him copies.

Materials relating to George A. Kellogg 1941

Letter from George A. Kellogg to Philip Showalter Hench February 7, 1941

Kellogg feels it is essential that Hench see the preliminary sketches before Cornwell begins the work on canvas.

Letter from George A. Kellogg to Philip Showalter Hench February 7, 1941

Kellogg thanks Hench for providing so much information for Cornwell's painting. He will discuss changes in the painting with Cornwell.

Letter from [George A. Kellogg] to Albert E. Truby February 18, 1941

[Kellogg] discusses his meeting with Hench, as well as proposed changes to the Cornwell painting based on Hench's suggestions. He includes a list of questions for Truby concerning details that will appear in the painting.

Materials relating to George A. Kellogg 1942-1949

Letter from George A. Kellogg to Philip Showalter Hench June 8, 1943

Kellogg assures Hench that he will still be involved with the "Pioneers of American Medicine Series," despite the fact that he no longer with Wyeth. He and Cornwell received an award from the National Art Director's Club. He expresses concern about Kean.

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to George A. Kellogg June 14, 1943

Hench congratulates Kellogg on his award from the National Art Director's Club. He expresses regret that Cornwell's remarks at the unveiling of the yellow fever painting were never recorded. He mentions the books of Laura Wood, Hume and Truby.

Materials relating to John R. Kissinger circa 1909-1952

Letter from John J. Moran to John R. Kissinger May 7, 1940

Moran notifies Kissinger that they are going to receive the Finlay Medal from the Cuban Government in Washington, D.C. He provides further detailed information concerning the upcoming event and hopes that Kissinger will be able to attend. This letter was forwarded to Hench.

Letter from John R. Kissinger to Philip Showalter Hench March 15, 1941

Kissinger complains about the conflicting stories concerning the yellow fever experiments. He discusses his willingness to participate in the human experiments.

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to John R. Kissinger March 21, 1941

Hench informs Kissinger about his plans to purchase the site of Camp Lazear and the remains of Building No. 1. He discusses his correspondence with Kean and Truby and his intention to find incontrovertible evidence concerning the yellow fever story.

Experiences with the Yellow Fever Commission in Cuba 1900, by John R. Kissinger with related notes from Kissinger circa 1930-1950

Report: Experiences with the Yellow Fever Commission in Cuba 1900, by John R. Kissinger circa 1930-1950

Kissinger describes the yellow fever experiments and comments on the men involved. He also describes the experience of suffering from yellow fever and the treatment for the disease. Kissinger remarks on inaccuracies in the play "Yellow Jack." He maintains that he volunteered before Moran.

Notes on John R. Kissinger June 2, 1938

Kissinger responds to questions regarding the yellow fever experiments. He asserts that he volunteered before Moran.

"Memories of a Yellow Fever Martyr", by Homer Croy December 1927

The article relates to John R. Kissinger.

Materials relating to Gustaf E. Lambert circa 1942-1954

Letter from Jefferson Randolph Kean to Philip Showalter Hench November 22, 1946

Kean comments on the attempt to add Ames to the Yellow Fever Roll of Honor.

Notes on Gustaf E. Lambert circa November 1946

Kean comments on Lambert's possible inclusion on the Yellow Fever Roll of Honor.

Letter from Gustaf E. Lambert to Philip Showalter Hench circa January 9, 1947

Lambert corrects a draft of an interview of Lambert by Hench - conducted on June 21, 1946. He also tries to advance his case for being included in the Yellow Fever Roll of Honor.

Transcription of Philip Showalter Hench's interview of Gustaf E. Lambert June 21, 1946

Hench interviews Lambert regarding his participation in the care of the yellow fever patients at Camp Lazear. He poses questions concerning buildings at the site as well as people involved in the yellow fever experiments. Lambert believes that Ames should be included on the Roll of Honor.

Materials relating to Clara Maass circa 1960-1966

Envelope from Lutheran Memorial Hospital to Philip Showalter Hench 1951

This envelope, printed by Lutheran Memorial Hospital, features a drawing of a proposed Clara Maass commemorative stamp.

Envelope with Cuban Clara Maass stamp August 24, 1951

This is a commemorative first day cover, which features the Clara Maass postage stamp and a drawing of Lutheran Memorial Hospital.

Materials relating to Dorsey McPherson circa 1957

Notes from Augusta C. McPherson circa 1957

McPherson describes two photographs; one shows Dorsey McPherson and Cruse in New Mexico, while the other shows them years later in Washington, D.C. They are the two surviving officers of Fort Apache.

Autobiographical manuscripts written by John J. Moran circa 1940-1960

Manuscript fragment: My Date with Walter Reed and Yellow Jack, by John J. Moran circa 1940-1960

This partial manuscript of Moran's autobiography describes his early life, military career, service as a sanitary inspector under Gorgas in Panama, marriage, and business ventures. He discusses his relationship with Hench and their search for the actual site of Camp Lazear, as well as the difficulties stemming from the Reed-Finlay controversy. The section of the draft covering the yellow fever experiments is missing.

Materials relating to Alva Sherman Pinto circa 1942-1952

Letter from Delia A. Lynch to Dan B. Butler April, 13, 1942

Lynch requests that Butler meet with Hench to discuss Pinto's recognition for his service in the yellow fever experiments. Lynch adds a note to Hench stating that Butler wishes to meet with him.

Letter from A.S. Pinto to Philip Showalter Hench March 26, 1943

Pinto has read Hemmeter's article on Carroll and is distressed by the developing disagreement over the recognition of Carroll's yellow fever work.

Materials relating to Ronald Ross circa 1906-1909

Letter from William Crawford Gorgas to Ronald Ross August 9, 1906

Gorgas suggests that Finlay and Carter be nominated for the Nobel Prize. In the postscript, Gorgas writes an autograph note for Carter.

"Biography of Colonel Alexander N. Stark", Military Surgeon October 1941

This article, which appeared in the "Military Surgeon," is a biographical sketch of Stark. Truby, a friend of Stark, adds his own evaluation to illustrate his talents and character.

Materials relating to Laura Wood Roper circa 1941-1942

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Laura Wood July 1, 1941

Hench responds to Wood's letter, in which she informed him of her project to write the story of Walter Reed for children. He discusses his two chief discoveries: that Lazear probably was bitten deliberately and secretly, and the location of Camp Lazear. He is sending her two of his manuscripts and offers copies of some of his material. He suggests she contact Emilie Lawrence Reed.

Letter from Philip Showalter Hench to Laura Wood August 25, 1941

Hench has selected the items which he thinks will help Wood to write her book on Reed. He offers to read her manuscript when she has finished writing.

Letter from Laura Wood to Philip Showalter Hench September 15, 1941

Wood is delighted with the material Hench has sent her for her book on Reed. She comments on the differences between the stories of Kissinger and Moran. She is trying to piece together Reed's early career. She is grateful for his offer to review her manuscript.

Materials relating to Laura Wood Roper 1943-1944

Notes on Philip Showalter Hench's speech entitled Walter Reed and the Conquest of Yellow Fever circa 1940-1950

This typescript deals with Hench's discussion of the recently discovered notebook containing the lab notes of Lazear and Reed. Hench credited Laura Wood with the discovery. The speech was given before the American Association of Obstetricians, Gynecologists and Abdominal Surgeons.