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Nominal Apposition in Indo-European: Its Forms and Functions, and Its Evolution in Latin-Romance

Brigitte L.M. Bauer
Format
Book
Published
Berlin : De Gruyter Mouton, [2017]
Language
English
Series
Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs
Trends in Linguistics Studies and Monographs
ISBN
9783110460162, 3110460165, 9783110461756, 9783110460209
Summary
"Nominal apposition - the combining of two equivalent nouns - has been a neglected topic in linguistics, despite its prominence in syntax and morphology in some languages. This book presents an extensive comparative and diachronic analysis of nominal apposition in Indo-European, examining its occurrence, characteristics and functions in early languages, identifying parallels with similar phenomena elsewhere, and tracing its evolution in Latin-Romance."--Page 4 of cover.
Contents
  • Preface
  • Abbreviations, languages
  • Abbreviations, linguistic terms
  • Introduction : defining nominal apposition and motivating its study
  • Defining the topic : what does nominal apposition in Indo-European entail?
  • Nominal apposition and hierarchy
  • Appositive accusatives and scelus viri'a scoundrel of a man'
  • Organization of this study
  • Nominal apposition and noun classification
  • Classification of nouns
  • Class systems : noun-class languages and gender languages
  • Classifier systems : classifier languages
  • Languages with measure and class terms
  • Classifier languages as opposed to languages with measure, class terms
  • Noun classification and semantic function
  • Noun classification and language system
  • Noun classification in the languages of the world : preliminary conclusions
  • Noun classification in Indo-European
  • Noun classification : gender
  • Noun classification : classificatory verbs
  • Conclusions : how does nominal apposition relate to noun classification?
  • Earliest instances of nominal apposition in Indo-European
  • Language, culture, archaeology, and writing
  • Classifying nouns and early (Indo-European) writing systems
  • Script determinatives in Sumerian writing
  • Script determinatives and the Hittite writing system
  • Script determinatives and Linear B
  • Script determinatives in Sumerian, Hittite, and Mycenaean
  • Script determinatives and nominal apposition in early Indo-European
  • Nominal apposition in early Indo-European functions and forms
  • Nominal apposition in Hittite
  • Appositive noun + noun combinations
  • Script determinatives in combination with a nominal element
  • Script determinatives in combination with a common noun
  • Script determinatives in combination with a nominalised adjective
  • Concluding remarks about Hittite
  • Nominal apposition in Sanskrit
  • Proper noun + common noun
  • Common noun + common noun
  • Proper noun + proper noun & common noun + common noun
  • Quantitative expressions
  • Concluding remarks about Sanskrit
  • Nominal apposition in Greek
  • Mycenaean Greek
  • Post-Mycenaean Greek
  • Nominal apposition : proper noun + common noun
  • Nominal apposition : common noun + common noun
  • Alternatives to nominal apposition
  • Concluding remarks about Greek
  • Nominal apposition in Germanic
  • Gothic
  • Old norse
  • Old and middle english
  • Old saxon
  • Old high german
  • Concluding remarks about germanic
  • Nominal apposition in early Italic
  • Oscan and Umbrian
  • Early latin
  • Early latin : plautus
  • Early latin : Terence
  • Early latin : Cato
  • Concluding remarks about Italic
  • Structural patterns in nominal apposition in Indo-European
  • Conclusions : types of nominal apposition in Indo-European
  • Overview of results and findings
  • Characteristics of nominal apposition in early Indo-European
  • Nominal apposition, script determinatives, and noun classification
  • A diachronic perspective
  • Evolution of nominal apposition in Latin-Romance
  • Occurrence and change in Latin-Romance
  • Individual authors : classical Latin
  • Individual authors : Vulgar and Late Latin
  • Individual authors : Old French
  • Occurrence of nominal apposition : a diachronic perspective
  • Occurrence, semantics fields, lexical and pragmatic motivation
  • Nominal apposition in Romance today
  • Nominal apposition and the semantic field of [Religion]
  • Etymology of lupiter
  • Proper noun + proper noun
  • Christian times and concluding remarks
  • Grammatical context and change in Latin-Romance
  • External agreement in nominal apposition
  • Internal agreement in nominal apposition
  • Genitive instead of nominal apposition
  • Spread of the nominative and phonetic identity
  • Nominal apposition and word order change
  • Nominal apposition and other changes
  • Grammatical context in Latin-Romance : a diachronic perspective
  • Conclusions : the evolution of nominal apposition at phrase level
  • Nominal apposition and word formation
  • Composition in Indo-European
  • Determinative compounds
  • Structural classification : dependent vs. descriptive determinatives
  • Referential differences : endocentric vs. exocentric compounds
  • Copulative compounds
  • Numerals
  • A third type of compound? Compounds based on apposition
  • Appositive compounds in Sanskrit
  • Dvandvas and "dvandvas" in Sanskrit
  • Other types of appositive compound in Sanskrit
  • Appositive compounds in Hittite
  • Dvandvas and additional compounds in Hittite
  • Type-of compounds in Hittite
  • Appositive compounds including script determinatives in Hittite
  • Conclusions : appositive compounds in Hittite
  • Appositive compounds in Greek
  • Dvandvas, additional compounds, and hybrids in Greek
  • Other appositive compounds in Greek
  • Conclusions : appositive compounds in Greek
  • Appositive compounds in Germanic
  • Dvandvas and hybrids in Germanic
  • Type-of compounds in Germanic
  • Type-of compounds specifying [Age] and [Sex]
  • Type-of compounds conveying generic specification
  • Other type-of compounds
  • Conclusions : appositive compounds in Germanic
  • Appositive compounds in other Indo-European languages
  • Appositive compounds in Avestan, Old Persian, Slavic, Classical Armenian, and Albanian
  • Conclusions : appositive compounds in other Indo-European languages
  • Word formation on the basis of apposition in Latin-Romance
  • Compounding in Latin-Romance : general background
  • Appositive word formation in Latin
  • Elliptic plurals
  • Appositive compound word groups
  • Appositive compounds
  • Word formation processes based on apposition : Romance
  • Appositive compounds in romance : hybrids and type-of compounds
  • Recent [noun + noun] combinations in romance
  • Conclusions : appositive compounds in Latin-Romance
  • Conclusions : nominal apposition and word formation
  • Conclusions
  • Changing system of nominal apposition in Indo-European
  • Nominal apposition and script determinatives
  • Nominal apposition in Indo-European and proper nouns
  • Evolution of nominal apposition in Indo-European
  • Nominal apposition, genitives, and adjectives
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Subject index.
Description
xx, 410 pages ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 382-396) and index.
Series Statement
Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs, 1861-4302 ; volume 303
Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs ; 303. 1861-4302
Technical Details
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    g| Preface -- g| Abbreviations, languages -- t| Abbreviations, linguistic terms -- g| Introduction : defining nominal apposition and motivating its study -- t| Defining the topic : what does nominal apposition in Indo-European entail? -- t| Nominal apposition and hierarchy -- t| Appositive accusatives and scelus viri'a scoundrel of a man' -- t| Organization of this study -- t| Nominal apposition and noun classification -- t| Classification of nouns -- t| Class systems : noun-class languages and gender languages -- t| Classifier systems : classifier languages -- t| Languages with measure and class terms -- t| Classifier languages as opposed to languages with measure, class terms -- t| Noun classification and semantic function -- t| Noun classification and language system -- t| Noun classification in the languages of the world : preliminary conclusions -- t| Noun classification in Indo-European -- t| Noun classification : gender -- t| Noun classification : classificatory verbs -- t| Conclusions : how does nominal apposition relate to noun classification? -- t| Earliest instances of nominal apposition in Indo-European -- t| Language, culture, archaeology, and writing -- t| Classifying nouns and early (Indo-European) writing systems -- t| Script determinatives in Sumerian writing -- t| Script determinatives and the Hittite writing system -- t| Script determinatives and Linear B -- t| Script determinatives in Sumerian, Hittite, and Mycenaean -- t| Script determinatives and nominal apposition in early Indo-European -- t| Nominal apposition in early Indo-European functions and forms -- t| Nominal apposition in Hittite -- t| Appositive noun + noun combinations -- t| Script determinatives in combination with a nominal element -- t| Script determinatives in combination with a common noun -- t| Script determinatives in combination with a nominalised adjective -- t| Concluding remarks about Hittite -- t| Nominal apposition in Sanskrit -- t| Proper noun + common noun -- t| Common noun + common noun -- t| Proper noun + proper noun & common noun + common noun -- t| Quantitative expressions -- t| Concluding remarks about Sanskrit -- t| Nominal apposition in Greek -- t| Mycenaean Greek -- t| Post-Mycenaean Greek -- t| Nominal apposition : proper noun + common noun -- t| Nominal apposition : common noun + common noun -- t| Quantitative expressions -- t| Alternatives to nominal apposition -- t| Concluding remarks about Greek -- t| Nominal apposition in Germanic -- t| Gothic -- t| Old norse -- t| Old and middle english -- t| Old saxon -- t| Old high german -- t| Concluding remarks about germanic -- t| Nominal apposition in early Italic -- t| Oscan and Umbrian -- t| Early latin -- t| Early latin : plautus -- t| Early latin : Terence -- t| Early latin : Cato -- t| Concluding remarks about Italic -- t| Structural patterns in nominal apposition in Indo-European -- t| Conclusions : types of nominal apposition in Indo-European -- t| Overview of results and findings -- t| Characteristics of nominal apposition in early Indo-European -- t| Nominal apposition, script determinatives, and noun classification -- t| A diachronic perspective -- t| Evolution of nominal apposition in Latin-Romance -- t| Occurrence and change in Latin-Romance -- t| Individual authors : classical Latin -- t| Individual authors : Vulgar and Late Latin -- t| Individual authors : Old French -- t| Occurrence of nominal apposition : a diachronic perspective -- t| Occurrence, semantics fields, lexical and pragmatic motivation -- t| Nominal apposition in Romance today -- t| Nominal apposition and the semantic field of [Religion] -- t| Etymology of lupiter -- t| Proper noun + proper noun -- t| Proper noun + common noun -- t| Common noun + common noun -- t| Christian times and concluding remarks -- t| Grammatical context and change in Latin-Romance -- t| External agreement in nominal apposition -- t| Internal agreement in nominal apposition -- t| Genitive instead of nominal apposition -- t| Spread of the nominative and phonetic identity -- t| Nominal apposition and word order change -- t| Nominal apposition and other changes -- t| Grammatical context in Latin-Romance : a diachronic perspective -- t| Conclusions : the evolution of nominal apposition at phrase level -- t| Nominal apposition and word formation -- t| Composition in Indo-European -- t| Determinative compounds -- t| Structural classification : dependent vs. descriptive determinatives -- t| Referential differences : endocentric vs. exocentric compounds -- t| Copulative compounds -- t| Numerals -- t| A third type of compound? Compounds based on apposition -- t| Appositive compounds in Sanskrit -- t| Dvandvas and "dvandvas" in Sanskrit -- t| Other types of appositive compound in Sanskrit -- t| Appositive compounds in Hittite -- t| Dvandvas and additional compounds in Hittite -- t| Type-of compounds in Hittite -- t| Appositive compounds including script determinatives in Hittite -- t| Conclusions : appositive compounds in Hittite -- t| Appositive compounds in Greek -- t| Dvandvas, additional compounds, and hybrids in Greek -- t| Other appositive compounds in Greek -- t| Conclusions : appositive compounds in Greek -- t| Appositive compounds in Germanic -- t| Dvandvas and hybrids in Germanic -- t| Type-of compounds in Germanic -- t| Type-of compounds specifying [Age] and [Sex] -- t| Type-of compounds conveying generic specification -- t| Other type-of compounds -- t| Conclusions : appositive compounds in Germanic -- t| Appositive compounds in other Indo-European languages -- t| Appositive compounds in Avestan, Old Persian, Slavic, Classical Armenian, and Albanian -- t| Conclusions : appositive compounds in other Indo-European languages -- t| Word formation on the basis of apposition in Latin-Romance -- t| Compounding in Latin-Romance : general background -- t| Appositive word formation in Latin -- t| Elliptic plurals -- t| Appositive compound word groups -- t| Appositive compounds -- t| Word formation processes based on apposition : Romance -- t| Appositive compounds in romance : hybrids and type-of compounds -- t| Recent [noun + noun] combinations in romance -- t| Conclusions : appositive compounds in Latin-Romance -- t| Conclusions : nominal apposition and word formation -- t| Conclusions -- t| Changing system of nominal apposition in Indo-European -- t| Nominal apposition and noun classification -- t| Nominal apposition and script determinatives -- t| Nominal apposition in Indo-European and proper nouns -- t| Evolution of nominal apposition in Indo-European -- t| Nominal apposition, genitives, and adjectives -- g| References -- g| Appendix -- g| Subject index.
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