Item Details

The Merchants of Oran: A Jewish Port at the Dawn of Empire

Joshua Schreier
Format
Book
Published
Stanford, California : Stanford University Press, [2017]
Language
English
Series
Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture
ISBN
9780804799140, 0804799148, 9781503602168
Summary
The Merchants of Oran" weaves together the history of a Mediterranean port city with the lives of Oran's Jewish mercantile elite during the transition to French colonial rule. Through the life of Jacob Lasry and other influential Jewish merchants, Joshua Schreier tells the story of how this diverse and fiercely divided group both responded to, and in turn influenced, French colonialism in Algeria. Jacob Lasry and his cohort established themselves in Oran in the decades after the Regency of Algiers dislodged the Spanish in 1792, during a period of relative tolerance and economic prosperity. In newly-Muslim Oran, Jewish merchants found opportunities to ply their trades, dealing in both imports and exports. On the eve of France's long and brutal invasion of Algeria, Oran owed much of its commercial vitality to the success of these Jewish merchants. Under French occupation, the merchants of Oran maintained their commercial, political, and social clout. Yet by the 1840s, French policies began collapsing Oran's diverse Jewish inhabitants into a single social category, legally separating Jews from their Muslim neighbors and creating a racial hierarchy. Schreier argues that France's exclusionary policy of "emancipation," far more than older antipathies, planted the seeds of twentieth-century ruptures between Muslims and Jews.
Contents
  • Mediterranean Oran
  • Rebuilding Oran : Jews, beys, and commerce, 1792-1830
  • Making money in a time of conquest
  • Struggles for and between the merchants of Oran
  • Jacob Lasry and the business of conquest
  • From "Juifs de Gibraltar" and "Algerine Jews" to Israélites indigènes
  • Conclusion : merchants, moralities and mythologies.
Description
ix, 199 pages : illustrations, facsimiles, maps ; 24 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 181-192) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic

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