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Businessmen in Arms: How the Military and Other Armed Groups Profit in the MENA Region

[edited by] Elke Grawert and Zeinab Abul-Magd
Format
Book
Published
Lanham, Maryland : Rowman & Littlefield, [2016]
Language
English
ISBN
9781442254558, 1442254556, 9781442254565
Summary
The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part of patronage networks in political systems. This collection of essays from international experts examines the economic interests of armed actors ranging from military businesses in Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Jordan, Sudan, and Yemen to retired military officers' economic endeavors and the web of funding of non-state armed groups in Syria and Libya. Control of businesses producing both military and civilian goods, retention of financial, material, or military support, and allocation of lucrative administrative or political positions to armed actors appear to be entrenched economic pillars of the military power in the region. Armed groups engaging in anti-regime struggles, as well as civilian oppositions, are facing enormous structural challenges rooted in the political economy of the military. Due to the combined power of business and arms, the military often manages to incorporate or quell competing groups and thus, to revert achievements of revolutionary movements. The book provides a unique comparative analysis of the growing role of the militaries in MENA political economies through a wide range of case studies.
Contents
  • Introduction : political economy of the military and nonstate armed groups in the Middle East and North Africa / Elke Grawert
  • Egypt's adaptable officers : business, nationalism, and discontent / Zeinab Abul-Magd
  • Businessmen in boots : Pakistan's entrepreneurial military / Ayesha Siddiqa
  • The conglomerate of the Turkish military (OYAK) and the dynamics of Turkish capitalism / İsmet Akça
  • All the Sepah's men : Iran's revolutionary guards in theory and practice / Kevan Harris
  • Jordan's military-industrial sector : maintaining institutional prestige in the era of neoliberalism / Shana Marshall
  • Civil-military relations in Sudan : negotiating political transition in a turbulent economy / Atta El-Battahani
  • Patronage politics in transition : political and economic interests of the Yemeni armed forces / Adam C. Seitz
  • Libya's tentative state rebuilding : militias' "moral economy, " violence, and financing (in)security / Philippe Droz-Vincent
  • Syria's army, militias, and nonstate armed groups : ideology, funding, and shifting landscape / Sherifa Zuhur
  • Conclusion and outlook / Elke Grawert.
Description
xviii, 315 pages : maps ; 24 cm
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 257-285) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    a| Introduction : political economy of the military and nonstate armed groups in the Middle East and North Africa / Elke Grawert -- Egypt's adaptable officers : business, nationalism, and discontent / Zeinab Abul-Magd -- Businessmen in boots : Pakistan's entrepreneurial military / Ayesha Siddiqa -- The conglomerate of the Turkish military (OYAK) and the dynamics of Turkish capitalism / İsmet Akça -- All the Sepah's men : Iran's revolutionary guards in theory and practice / Kevan Harris -- Jordan's military-industrial sector : maintaining institutional prestige in the era of neoliberalism / Shana Marshall -- Civil-military relations in Sudan : negotiating political transition in a turbulent economy / Atta El-Battahani -- Patronage politics in transition : political and economic interests of the Yemeni armed forces / Adam C. Seitz -- Libya's tentative state rebuilding : militias' "moral economy, " violence, and financing (in)security / Philippe Droz-Vincent -- Syria's army, militias, and nonstate armed groups : ideology, funding, and shifting landscape / Sherifa Zuhur -- Conclusion and outlook / Elke Grawert.
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    a| The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part of patronage networks in political systems. This collection of essays from international experts examines the economic interests of armed actors ranging from military businesses in Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Jordan, Sudan, and Yemen to retired military officers' economic endeavors and the web of funding of non-state armed groups in Syria and Libya. Control of businesses producing both military and civilian goods, retention of financial, material, or military support, and allocation of lucrative administrative or political positions to armed actors appear to be entrenched economic pillars of the military power in the region. Armed groups engaging in anti-regime struggles, as well as civilian oppositions, are facing enormous structural challenges rooted in the political economy of the military. Due to the combined power of business and arms, the military often manages to incorporate or quell competing groups and thus, to revert achievements of revolutionary movements. The book provides a unique comparative analysis of the growing role of the militaries in MENA political economies through a wide range of case studies.
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    0
    a| Military-owned business enterprises z| Middle East.
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    0
    a| Civil-military relations z| Middle East.
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    a| Civil-military relations z| Africa, North.
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    a| Middle East x| Armed Forces x| Economic aspects.
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    a| Africa, North x| Armed Forces x| Economic aspects.
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    a| Middle East x| Armed Forces x| Political activity.
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    a| Africa, North x| Armed Forces x| Political activity.
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    a| Grawert, Elke, e| editor.
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    a| Abul-Magd, Zeinab, d| 1976- e| editor.
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    a| UA832 .B87 2016 w| LC i| X031792467 k| CHECKEDOUT l| STACKS m| ALDERMAN t| BOOK
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