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The Erotic Life of Manuscripts [electronic resource]: New Testament Textual Criticism and the Biological Sciences

Yii-Jan Lin
Format
EBook; Book; Online
Published
New York, New York : Oxford University Press, [2016]
Language
English
ISBN
9780190279806 (hardback)
Summary
"Since the New Testament's inception as written text, its manuscripts have been subject to all the dangers of history: scribal error, emendation, injury, and total destruction. The traditional goal of modern textual criticism has been to reconstruct an "original text" from surviving manuscripts, adjudicating among all the variant texts resulting from the slips, additions, and embellishments of scribal hand-copying. Because of the way manuscripts circulate and give rise to new copies, it can be said that they have an "erotic" life: they mate and breed, bear offspring, and generate families and descendants. The Erotic Life of Manuscripts explores this curious relationship between the field of New Testament textual criticism and the biological sciences, beginning in the eighteenth century and extending into the present. New Testament textual critics who used language to group texts into families and genealogies were not pioneering new approaches, but rather borrowing the metaphors and methods of natural scientists. Texts began to be classified into "families, tribes, and nations," and later were racialized as "African" or "Asian," with distinguishable "textual physiognomies" and "textual complexions." These genealogies would later be traced to show the inheritance of "corruptions" and "contamination" through generations, an understanding of textual diversity reflective of eighteenth- and ninteenth-century European anxieties over racial corruption and degeneration. While these biological metaphors have been powerful tools for textual critics, they also produce problematic understandings of textual "purity" and agency, with the use of scientific discourse artificially separating the work of textual criticism from literary interpretation. Yii-Jan Lin traces the use of metaphors and methods from the biological sciences by New Testament textual critics to show how the use of biological classification, genealogy, evolutionary theory, and phylogenetics has shaped--and limited--the goals of the field, the greatest of which is the establishment of an authoritative, original text. The conclusion of this study proposes new metaphors for the field"--
"The Erotic Life of Manuscripts explores the curious relationship between the field of New Testament textual criticism and the biological sciences, beginning in the eighteenth century and extending to the present"--
Contents
  • Machine generated contents note
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Part I: Collection and Theorization
  • Chapter 1: Bengel and the Classification and Racializiation of Texts
  • Chapter 2: Lachmann and the Genealogy and Corruption of Texts
  • Part II: Historicization and Innovation
  • Chapter 3: Darwin, Streeter, and Narrative Textual Criticism
  • Chapter 4: Philology and Phylogeny
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 1: Excerpt of Interview with Gerd Mink and Klaus Wachtel, Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, Münster, March 10, 2011
  • Appendix 2: "Marcus Niebuhr Tod," by Maurice Bowra
  • Bibliography
  • Index.
Description
Mode of access: World wide Web.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Copyright Not EvaluatedCopyright Not Evaluated
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    a| Machine generated contents note: -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Part I: Collection and Theorization -- Chapter 1: Bengel and the Classification and Racializiation of Texts -- Chapter 2: Lachmann and the Genealogy and Corruption of Texts -- Part II: Historicization and Innovation -- Chapter 3: Darwin, Streeter, and Narrative Textual Criticism -- Chapter 4: Philology and Phylogeny -- Conclusion -- Appendix 1: Excerpt of Interview with Gerd Mink and Klaus Wachtel, Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, Münster, March 10, 2011 -- Appendix 2: "Marcus Niebuhr Tod," by Maurice Bowra -- Bibliography -- Index.
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    a| "Since the New Testament's inception as written text, its manuscripts have been subject to all the dangers of history: scribal error, emendation, injury, and total destruction. The traditional goal of modern textual criticism has been to reconstruct an "original text" from surviving manuscripts, adjudicating among all the variant texts resulting from the slips, additions, and embellishments of scribal hand-copying. Because of the way manuscripts circulate and give rise to new copies, it can be said that they have an "erotic" life: they mate and breed, bear offspring, and generate families and descendants. The Erotic Life of Manuscripts explores this curious relationship between the field of New Testament textual criticism and the biological sciences, beginning in the eighteenth century and extending into the present. New Testament textual critics who used language to group texts into families and genealogies were not pioneering new approaches, but rather borrowing the metaphors and methods of natural scientists. Texts began to be classified into "families, tribes, and nations," and later were racialized as "African" or "Asian," with distinguishable "textual physiognomies" and "textual complexions." These genealogies would later be traced to show the inheritance of "corruptions" and "contamination" through generations, an understanding of textual diversity reflective of eighteenth- and ninteenth-century European anxieties over racial corruption and degeneration. While these biological metaphors have been powerful tools for textual critics, they also produce problematic understandings of textual "purity" and agency, with the use of scientific discourse artificially separating the work of textual criticism from literary interpretation. Yii-Jan Lin traces the use of metaphors and methods from the biological sciences by New Testament textual critics to show how the use of biological classification, genealogy, evolutionary theory, and phylogenetics has shaped--and limited--the goals of the field, the greatest of which is the establishment of an authoritative, original text. The conclusion of this study proposes new metaphors for the field"-- c| Provided by publisher.
    520
      
      
    a| "The Erotic Life of Manuscripts explores the curious relationship between the field of New Testament textual criticism and the biological sciences, beginning in the eighteenth century and extending to the present"-- c| Provided by publisher.
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