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Spartacus and the Slave Wars: A Brief History With Documents

translated, edited, and with an introduction by Brent D. Shaw
Format
Book
Published
Boston ; New York : Bedford/St. Martin's, [2001]
Language
English
Multiple languages (translated from)
Series
The Bedford Series in History and Culture
Bedford Series in History and Culture
ISBN
9780312237035, 0312237030, 9780312183103, 0312183100
Related Resources
Table of contents Contributor biographical information Publisher description
Summary
In this examination of the Roman institution of slavery, Brent Shaw presents a compelling selection of the ancient testimony relating to Spartacus and the slave wars. In 73 B.C., in the heart of Rome's Mediterranean empire, a slave named Spartacus ignited one of the most violent episodes of slave resistance in the history of the Roman Empire -- indeed in the world annals of slavery. Organizing 80 original Greek and Latin source translations into topical chapters on the daily life of slaves trained as gladiators and those who labored on farms in Italy and Sicily, Shaw includes accounts of revolts that preceded and anticipated that of Spartacus. In a carefully crafted introductory essay, Shaw places Spartacus in the broader context of first and second century B.C. Roman Italy and Sicily and explains why his story continues to be a popular symbol of rebellion today. The volume also includes a glossary, chronology, selected bibliography, 3 maps, an annotated list of ancient writers, and questions for consideration.
Contents
  • Part One. Introduction : The Roman Slave Wars and History
  • Slave Wars in Italy and Sicily
  • Spartacus : the Man, the Myth, and the Modern Symbol of Rebellion
  • Reading Greek and Roman History Sources
  • A Note about the Text
  • Part Two. Documents
  • 1. Slave Life on the Large Farms : Work, Organization, and Surveillance
  • Agricultural Slaves, and the Slave Barracks (First Century A.D.) / Columella
  • Slave Ranches : Master Herdsmen and Slave Shepherds (First Century B.C.) / Varro
  • Vilicus : The Slave Farm Manager and His Duties (Second Century B.C.) / Cato the Elder
  • How to Choose a Vilicus (First Century A.D.) / Columella
  • 2. Gladiators, Slaves, and Resistance
  • Graffiti on Pompeii's Walls : Gladiators and Gladiatorial Games (First Century A.D.)
  • Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 63 B.C. / Sallust
  • Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 49 B.C. / Cicero
  • Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 49 B.C. / Julius Caesar
  • Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 44 B.C. / Cassius Dio
  • Gladiators as Participants in War and Rebellion (Second Century A.D.) / Tacitus
  • Individual Gladiators Resist Their Fate (First Century A.D.) / Seneca
  • Twenty-nine Gladiators Kill Themselves, A.D. 393 / Symmachus
  • 3. Fugitive Slaves and Maroon Communities
  • Roman Laws on Runaway Slaves
  • Legal Definition of a Fugitive Slave, (Third Century A.D.) / Ulpian
  • Law concerning Fugitive Slaves (Third Century A.D.) / Ulpian
  • Fugitive Slave Posters
  • A Census Declaration Including Notices on Runaway Slaves, Tebtunis, Egypt, A.D. 189
  • A Declaration concerning a Runaway Slave, Egypt, August 13, 156 B.C.
  • An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Egypt, A.D. 151
  • Posters for Runaway Slaves, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, (Third Century A.D.)
  • An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 128
  • A Legal Notice concerning a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, ca. A.D. 250-270
  • Delegation of Authority to Arrest a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 298
  • Authorization for the Arrest of a Fugitive Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, Fourth Century A.D.
  • A Roman Praetor in Sicily Hunts Down Runaway Slaves, 131-130 B.C.
  • Maroon Communities
  • Free Communities in Cicilia Harbor Runaway Slaves, 51-50 B.C. / Cicero
  • Drimakos : The Fugitive Slave Bandit King (Second Century A.D.) / Athenaenus
  • Bulla Felix : The Bandit King, (Third Century A.D.) / Cassius Dio
  • 4. Slave Revolts in Italy and Sicily before the Great Slave Wars
  • Slave Rebellions at Setia and Praeneste in 198 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • A Slave Rebellion in Etruria Is Suppressed in 196 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Actions of Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 190 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 189 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 188 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Bacchanalian Conspiracy at Rome in 186 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Measures Decreed by the Roman Senate concerning the Bacchanals, 186 B.C.
  • A Slave Uprising in Apulia in 185 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in 184 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Continued Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in182 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • 5. First Sicilian Slave War, 135-132 B.C.
  • First Slave War on the Island of Sicily : First Version (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • First Slave War on the Island of Sicily : Second Version (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • A Brief Summary of the Main Events of 136-129 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave / Julius Obsequens
  • Rebellions in Italy in 134-132 B.C., Fifth Century A.D.
  • Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave Rebellions in Italy and Greece, Fifth Century A.D. 96 / Orosius
  • Cause of the Slave War (First Century B.C.) / Posidonius
  • Tribune of the Plebs on the Dangers Posed by the Slave War in Sicily (Second Century A.D.) / Appian
  • Behavior of the Rebel Slaves at Enna (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Devastation of Sicily (First Century A.D.) / Strabo
  • Extent of Devastation on Sicily Caused by the Slaves (Second Century A.D.) / Florus
  • Stories of Bravery and Cowardice of Romans and Slaves in the War (First Century A.D.) / Valerius Maximus
  • Slingshot Ammunition Used by Roman Soldiers, 133 B.C.
  • 6. Second Sicilian Slave War, 104-100 B.C.
  • Events that Portended the Second Great Slave War : The Rebellion of Titus Vettius (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily : First Version (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily : Second Version (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily and the Contemporary Slave Rebellion at Athens (Second Century A.D.) / Athenaeus
  • Actions of the Roman Governor of Sicily, Publius Licinius Nerva, in 104 B.C. (Third Century A.D.) / Cassius Dio
  • Athenion as Leader of the Second Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / Florus
  • Athenion's Attack on the City of Messana (Third Century A.D.) / Cassius Dio
  • Athenion as a Model of Evil Power (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Destruction of Sicily Caused by the Slaves (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Aquillius Is Compelled to Dispense Aid to Sicilian Cities (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Romans Reward Aquillius for Ending the Slave War (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Roman Governors of Sicily Take Measures to Prevent Recurrence of Slave Uprisings (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Slingshot Ammunition Used by the Slaves and Greek Allies of the Romans, ca. 104-100 B.C.
  • 7. Spartacus Slave War, 73-71 B.C.
  • Spartacus Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / Plutarch
  • Pompey the Great's Involvement in the Repression of Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / Plutarch
  • Marcus Crassus and the Final Defeat of Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / Plutarch
  • Cato the Younger in the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / Plutarch
  • Spartacus Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / Appian
  • King Mithradates of Pontus and Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / Appian
  • Spartacus War (First Century B.C.) / Sallust
  • A Brief Account of the Beginning of the War in 73 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • A Brief Account of the Events of 73-72 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • A Brief Account of the End of the War in 71 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / Livy
  • An Account of the Opening and Closing Phases of the War (Fifth Century A.D.) / Orosius
  • A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War (First Century A.D.) / Velleius Paterculus
  • A Detailed Synopsis of the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / Florus
  • A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / Athenaeus
  • Spartacus Becomes a Gladiator (First Century B.C.) / Varro
  • Spartacus as a Good Man (First Century B.C.) / Diodorus Siculus
  • Strategems Used by Spartacus against the Romans (First Century A.D.) / Frontius
  • Roman Governor Verres Faces the Threat Posed by Spartacus (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Verres Represses Slave Conspiracies on Sicily (First Century B.C.) / Cicero
  • Marcus Crassus Celebrates His Victory over Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / Aulus Gellius
  • Operations against Remnant Rebel Slaves of the Spartacus War in Southern Italy in the Late 60s B.C. (Second Century A.D.) / Suetonius
  • Appendixes
  • List of the Principal Authors and Literary Sources
  • Glossary of Greek and Latin Terms
  • A Chronology of the Slave Wars (198-60 B.C.)
  • Questions for Consideration.
Description
xiv, 194 pages : illustrations, maps ; 22 cm.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 182-186) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    a| In this examination of the Roman institution of slavery, Brent Shaw presents a compelling selection of the ancient testimony relating to Spartacus and the slave wars. In 73 B.C., in the heart of Rome's Mediterranean empire, a slave named Spartacus ignited one of the most violent episodes of slave resistance in the history of the Roman Empire -- indeed in the world annals of slavery. Organizing 80 original Greek and Latin source translations into topical chapters on the daily life of slaves trained as gladiators and those who labored on farms in Italy and Sicily, Shaw includes accounts of revolts that preceded and anticipated that of Spartacus. In a carefully crafted introductory essay, Shaw places Spartacus in the broader context of first and second century B.C. Roman Italy and Sicily and explains why his story continues to be a popular symbol of rebellion today. The volume also includes a glossary, chronology, selected bibliography, 3 maps, an annotated list of ancient writers, and questions for consideration. c| --Publisher's description.
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    g| Part One. t| Introduction : The Roman Slave Wars and History -- t| Slave Wars in Italy and Sicily -- t| Spartacus : the Man, the Myth, and the Modern Symbol of Rebellion -- t| Reading Greek and Roman History Sources -- t| A Note about the Text -- g| Part Two. t| Documents -- g| 1. t| Slave Life on the Large Farms : Work, Organization, and Surveillance -- t| Agricultural Slaves, and the Slave Barracks (First Century A.D.) / r| Columella -- t| Slave Ranches : Master Herdsmen and Slave Shepherds (First Century B.C.) / r| Varro -- t| Vilicus : The Slave Farm Manager and His Duties (Second Century B.C.) / r| Cato the Elder -- t| How to Choose a Vilicus (First Century A.D.) / r| Columella -- g| 2. t| Gladiators, Slaves, and Resistance -- t| Graffiti on Pompeii's Walls : Gladiators and Gladiatorial Games (First Century A.D.) -- t| Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 63 B.C. / r| Sallust -- t| Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 49 B.C. / r| Cicero -- t| Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 49 B.C. / r| Julius Caesar -- t| Gladiators as Dangerous Men : The Crisis of 44 B.C. / r| Cassius Dio -- t| Gladiators as Participants in War and Rebellion (Second Century A.D.) / r| Tacitus -- t| Individual Gladiators Resist Their Fate (First Century A.D.) / r| Seneca -- t| Twenty-nine Gladiators Kill Themselves, A.D. 393 / r| Symmachus -- g| 3. t| Fugitive Slaves and Maroon Communities -- t| Roman Laws on Runaway Slaves -- t| Legal Definition of a Fugitive Slave, (Third Century A.D.) / r| Ulpian -- t| Law concerning Fugitive Slaves (Third Century A.D.) / r| Ulpian -- t| Fugitive Slave Posters -- t| A Census Declaration Including Notices on Runaway Slaves, Tebtunis, Egypt, A.D. 189 -- t| A Declaration concerning a Runaway Slave, Egypt, August 13, 156 B.C. -- t| An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Egypt, A.D. 151 -- t| Posters for Runaway Slaves, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, (Third Century A.D.) -- t| An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 128 -- t| A Legal Notice concerning a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, ca. A.D. 250-270 -- t| Delegation of Authority to Arrest a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 298 -- t| Authorization for the Arrest of a Fugitive Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, Fourth Century A.D. -- t| A Roman Praetor in Sicily Hunts Down Runaway Slaves, 131-130 B.C. -- t| Maroon Communities -- t| Free Communities in Cicilia Harbor Runaway Slaves, 51-50 B.C. / r| Cicero -- t| Drimakos : The Fugitive Slave Bandit King (Second Century A.D.) / r| Athenaenus -- t| Bulla Felix : The Bandit King, (Third Century A.D.) / r| Cassius Dio -- g| 4. t| Slave Revolts in Italy and Sicily before the Great Slave Wars -- t| Slave Rebellions at Setia and Praeneste in 198 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| A Slave Rebellion in Etruria Is Suppressed in 196 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Actions of Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 190 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 189 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 188 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Bacchanalian Conspiracy at Rome in 186 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Measures Decreed by the Roman Senate concerning the Bacchanals, 186 B.C. -- t| A Slave Uprising in Apulia in 185 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in 184 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Continued Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in182 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- g| 5. t| First Sicilian Slave War, 135-132 B.C. -- t| First Slave War on the Island of Sicily : First Version (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| First Slave War on the Island of Sicily : Second Version (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| A Brief Summary of the Main Events of 136-129 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave / r| Julius Obsequens -- t| Rebellions in Italy in 134-132 B.C., Fifth Century A.D. -- t| Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave Rebellions in Italy and Greece, Fifth Century A.D. 96 / r| Orosius -- t| Cause of the Slave War (First Century B.C.) / r| Posidonius -- t| Tribune of the Plebs on the Dangers Posed by the Slave War in Sicily (Second Century A.D.) / r| Appian -- t| Behavior of the Rebel Slaves at Enna (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Devastation of Sicily (First Century A.D.) / r| Strabo -- t| Extent of Devastation on Sicily Caused by the Slaves (Second Century A.D.) / r| Florus -- t| Stories of Bravery and Cowardice of Romans and Slaves in the War (First Century A.D.) / r| Valerius Maximus -- t| Slingshot Ammunition Used by Roman Soldiers, 133 B.C. -- g| 6. t| Second Sicilian Slave War, 104-100 B.C. -- t| Events that Portended the Second Great Slave War : The Rebellion of Titus Vettius (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily : First Version (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily : Second Version (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily and the Contemporary Slave Rebellion at Athens (Second Century A.D.) / r| Athenaeus -- t| Actions of the Roman Governor of Sicily, Publius Licinius Nerva, in 104 B.C. (Third Century A.D.) / r| Cassius Dio -- t| Athenion as Leader of the Second Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Florus -- t| Athenion's Attack on the City of Messana (Third Century A.D.) / r| Cassius Dio -- t| Athenion as a Model of Evil Power (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Destruction of Sicily Caused by the Slaves (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Aquillius Is Compelled to Dispense Aid to Sicilian Cities (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Romans Reward Aquillius for Ending the Slave War (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Roman Governors of Sicily Take Measures to Prevent Recurrence of Slave Uprisings (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Slingshot Ammunition Used by the Slaves and Greek Allies of the Romans, ca. 104-100 B.C. -- g| 7. t| Spartacus Slave War, 73-71 B.C. -- t| Spartacus Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Plutarch -- t| Pompey the Great's Involvement in the Repression of Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / r| Plutarch -- t| Marcus Crassus and the Final Defeat of Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / r| Plutarch -- t| Cato the Younger in the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Plutarch -- t| Spartacus Slave War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Appian -- t| King Mithradates of Pontus and Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / r| Appian -- t| Spartacus War (First Century B.C.) / r| Sallust -- t| A Brief Account of the Beginning of the War in 73 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| A Brief Account of the Events of 73-72 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| A Brief Account of the End of the War in 71 B.C. (First Century B.C.) / r| Livy -- t| An Account of the Opening and Closing Phases of the War (Fifth Century A.D.) / r| Orosius -- t| A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War (First Century A.D.) / r| Velleius Paterculus -- t| A Detailed Synopsis of the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Florus -- t| A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War (Second Century A.D.) / r| Athenaeus -- t| Spartacus Becomes a Gladiator (First Century B.C.) / r| Varro -- t| Spartacus as a Good Man (First Century B.C.) / r| Diodorus Siculus -- t| Strategems Used by Spartacus against the Romans (First Century A.D.) / r| Frontius -- t| Roman Governor Verres Faces the Threat Posed by Spartacus (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Verres Represses Slave Conspiracies on Sicily (First Century B.C.) / r| Cicero -- t| Marcus Crassus Celebrates His Victory over Spartacus (Second Century A.D.) / r| Aulus Gellius -- t| Operations against Remnant Rebel Slaves of the Spartacus War in Southern Italy in the Late 60s B.C. (Second Century A.D.) / r| Suetonius -- g| Appendixes -- t| List of the Principal Authors and Literary Sources -- t| Glossary of Greek and Latin Terms -- t| A Chronology of the Slave Wars (198-60 B.C.) -- t| Questions for Consideration.
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