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Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World

edited by Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang
Format
Book
Published
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2014]
Language
Text in English
ISBN
9780812246056, 0812246055
Summary
"Since 2000, more than twenty countries around the world have held elections in which parties that espouse a political agenda based on an Islamic worldview have competed for legislative seats. Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World examines the impact these parties have had on the political process in two different areas of the world with large Muslim populations: the Middle East and Asia. The book's contributors examine major cases of Islamist party evolution and participation in democratic and semidemocratic systems in Turkey, Morocco, Yemen, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Bangladesh. Collectively they articulate a theoretical framework to understand the strategic behavior of Islamist parties, including the characteristics that distinguish them from other types of political parties, how they relate to other parties as potential competitors or collaborators, how ties to broader Islamist movements may affect party behavior in elections, and how participation in an electoral system can affect the behavior and ideology of an Islamist party over time. Through this framework, the contributors observe a general tendency in Islamist politics. Although Islamist parties represent diverse interests and behaviors that are tied to their particular domestic contexts, through repeated elections they often come to operate less as antiestablishment parties and more in line with the political norms of the regimes in which they compete. While a few parties have deliberately chosen to remain on the fringes of their political system, most have found significant political rewards in changing their messages and behavior to attract more centrist voters. As the impact of the Arab Spring continues to be felt, Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World offers a nuanced and timely perspective of Islamist politics in broader global context."--Publisher's website.
Contents
  • Islamist Parties as Strategic Actors : Electoral Participation and Its Consequences / Quinn Mecham
  • When Is Normalization Also Democratization? : Islamist Political Parties, the Turkish Case, and the Future of Muslim Polities / Murat Somer
  • Patterns of Normalization : Islamist Parties in Indonesia / Julie Chernov Hwang
  • Between a Rock and a Hard Place : Reform, Reticence, and Realignments of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party / Joseph Chinyong Liow and Wenling Chan
  • Searching for Political Normalization : The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco / Driss Maghraoui and Saloua Zerhouni
  • Mapping the Terrain of Reform in Yemen : Islah over Two Decades / Stacey Philbrick Yadav
  • Islamist Parties, Elections, and Democracy in Bangladesh / Ali Riaz
  • Conclusion. The New Dynamism of Islamist Parties / Julie Chernov Hwang and Quinn Mecham.
Description
vi, 232 pages ; 24 cm
Notes
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    a| Islamist Parties as Strategic Actors : Electoral Participation and Its Consequences / Quinn Mecham -- When Is Normalization Also Democratization? : Islamist Political Parties, the Turkish Case, and the Future of Muslim Polities / Murat Somer -- Patterns of Normalization : Islamist Parties in Indonesia / Julie Chernov Hwang -- Between a Rock and a Hard Place : Reform, Reticence, and Realignments of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party / Joseph Chinyong Liow and Wenling Chan -- Searching for Political Normalization : The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco / Driss Maghraoui and Saloua Zerhouni -- Mapping the Terrain of Reform in Yemen : Islah over Two Decades / Stacey Philbrick Yadav -- Islamist Parties, Elections, and Democracy in Bangladesh / Ali Riaz -- Conclusion. The New Dynamism of Islamist Parties / Julie Chernov Hwang and Quinn Mecham.
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    a| "Since 2000, more than twenty countries around the world have held elections in which parties that espouse a political agenda based on an Islamic worldview have competed for legislative seats. Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World examines the impact these parties have had on the political process in two different areas of the world with large Muslim populations: the Middle East and Asia. The book's contributors examine major cases of Islamist party evolution and participation in democratic and semidemocratic systems in Turkey, Morocco, Yemen, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Bangladesh. Collectively they articulate a theoretical framework to understand the strategic behavior of Islamist parties, including the characteristics that distinguish them from other types of political parties, how they relate to other parties as potential competitors or collaborators, how ties to broader Islamist movements may affect party behavior in elections, and how participation in an electoral system can affect the behavior and ideology of an Islamist party over time. Through this framework, the contributors observe a general tendency in Islamist politics. Although Islamist parties represent diverse interests and behaviors that are tied to their particular domestic contexts, through repeated elections they often come to operate less as antiestablishment parties and more in line with the political norms of the regimes in which they compete. While a few parties have deliberately chosen to remain on the fringes of their political system, most have found significant political rewards in changing their messages and behavior to attract more centrist voters. As the impact of the Arab Spring continues to be felt, Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World offers a nuanced and timely perspective of Islamist politics in broader global context."--Publisher's website.
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