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White Elephants on Campus: The Decline of the University Chapel in America, 1920-1960

Margaret M. Grubiak
Format
Book
Published
Notre Dame, Indiana : University of Notre Dame Press, [2014]
Language
English
ISBN
9780268029876, 0268029873
Summary
"In White Elephants on Campus: The Decline of the University Chapel in America, 1920-1960, Margaret M. Grubiak persuasively argues, through a careful selection of case studies, that the evolution of the architecture of new churches and chapels built on campuses reveals the shifting and declining role of religion within the mission of the modern American university. According to Grubiak, during the first half of the twentieth century, university leaders tended to view architecture as a means of retaining religion within an increasingly scientific and secular university. Initially, the construction of large-scale chapels was meant to advertise religion's continued importance to the university mission. Lavish neo-Gothic chapels at historically Protestant schools, although counter to traditional Protestant imagery, were justified as an appeal to students' emotions. New cathedral-style libraries and classroom buildings also re-imagined a place for religion on campuses no longer tied to their founding religious denominations. Despite such attempts to reframe religion for the modern university, Grubiak shows that by the 1960s the architectural styles of new religious buildings had changed markedly. Postwar university chapels projected a less distinct image, with their small scale and intentionally nondenominational focus. By the mid-twentieth century, the prewar chapels had become "white elephants." They are beautiful, monumental buildings that nevertheless stand outside the central concerns of the modern American university. Religious campus architecture had lost its value in an era where religion no longer played a central role in the formation and education of the American student"--Publisher.
Contents
  • The chapel in the age of science
  • The image of university religion
  • Locating religion on campus
  • New cathedrals for the modern university
  • The postwar chapel at MIT.
Description
xii, 167 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 153-160) and index.
Technical Details
  • Access in Virgo Classic
  • Staff View

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    a| The chapel in the age of science -- The image of university religion -- Locating religion on campus -- New cathedrals for the modern university -- The postwar chapel at MIT.
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