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The Reception of Plutarch's Lives in Fifteenth-Century Italy

Marianne Pade
Copenhagen : Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2007.
Text in English, with translations of prefaces to the Lives in Latin
Renæssance studier
9788763505321, 8763505320
"Plutarch's Lives of great Greek and Roman public figures are among the central texts of European culture. Like most Greek authors Plutarch had been virtually unknown in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, but when Renaissance humanists rekindled interest in Greek language and culture, he became one of the most widely read authors of the period. Marianne Pade discusses the many Latin translations of the Lives produced during the fifteenth century, examines their diffusion in manuscripts and printed books and shows how Plutarch came to influence fifteenth-century Italian culture. The overwhelming interest in the Lives can be explained by studying the way Classical Antiquity was used for ideological purposes in Renaissance Italy. To a great extent the historical effects of the biographies reflect the ideologies of the environments in which they were translated and read. The purpose of the biographies, and often of the forewords of the translations as well, was to evoke or create a city's national myths or to promote a patron or the city itself. The second volume contains an edition of all the letters of dedication and a catalogue of the preserved manuscripts."--Publisher's website.
  • v. 1. Part I Text
  • The reception of Plutarch in the Roman Empire and in Greek literature down to the thirteenth century
  • The revival of interest in Plutarch in the Latin West
  • Florence and Florentine humanism 1390-1414
  • Venice 1414-1440s: Venice as heir to the Greek city states and "Partician humanism"
  • North Italy: other translations
  • Guarino at Ferrara in the 1430s
  • Florence and the Roman Curia in the 1430s and '40s
  • The remaining lives
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix 1 Texts relating to Guarino
  • Appendix 2 Lapo's prefaces to Humphrey of Gloucester and Alfonso of Aragon 1437-38
  • v. 2. Part II Prefaces, List of Translations
  • Theseus & Romulus
  • Lycurgus & Numa
  • Solon & Publicola
  • Coriolanus & Alcibiades
  • Themistocles & Camillus
  • Pericles & Fabius Maximus
  • Pelopidas & Marcellus
  • Philopoemen & Flamininus
  • Aristides & Cato Maior
  • Timoleon & Aemilius Paulus
  • Agis et Cleomenes & Gracchi
  • Lysander & Sulla
  • Pyrrhus & Marius
  • Sertorius & Eumenes
  • Cimon & Lucullus
  • Nicias & Crassus
  • Agesilaus & Pompeius
  • Alexander & Caesar
  • Phocion & Cato minor
  • Dion & Brutus
  • Demosthenes & Cicero
  • Demetrius & Antonius
  • Artaxerxes
  • Aratus
  • Galba and Otho
  • Part III Catalogues
  • List of manuscripts containing Latin translation of Plutarch's lives and related texts.
2 volumes : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (volume 2, pages [281]-331) and indexes.
Series Statement
Renæssance studier ; 14
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